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Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, Karnataka


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Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, Karnataka
Bangalore (District Bangalore)
Karnataka, India
Pin Code : 560012


Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka is a University recognised by UGC. Status: Deemed University. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka is also known as IISc Bangalore. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka was established on / in May 27, 1909.


Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is situated in Bangalore of Karnataka state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Bangalore comes under Bengaluru (Bangalore) Tehsil, Bangalore District.

Fax # of Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka is +91-80-23600936, 23600757, 23600683, 23600085.

Contact Person(s) of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka is (are): Director Prof P Balaram: +91-80-23600690, +91-80-22932222.

email ID(s) is Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore Karnataka

Website of Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka is http://www.iisc.ernet.in/.

Registrar : +91-80-23600757, regr@admin.iisc.ernet.in.


Contact Details of Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka are : Telephone: +91-80-22932004, 22932228, 22932001, 23600757, 23344411, 23341800
Secretary to Director: +91-80-22932954



Courses

Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka runs course(s) in Engineering, Information Technology, Research, Science stream(s).
Four year BS Programme
Ph.D.
M.Sc.(Engineering)
ME
M.Tech
M.Des.
M.Mgt
Integrated Ph.D.

Profile of Indian Institute of Science (IISc)

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) was started in 1909 through the pioneering vision of J.N. Tata. Since then, it has grown into a premier institution of research and advanced instruction, with more than 2000 active researchers working in almost all frontier areas of science and technology. IISc is an institute of higher learning and is constantly in pursuit of excellence. It is one of the oldest and finest centres of its kind in India, and has a very high international standing in the academic world as well.

Introduction
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) was conceived as a 'Research Institute' or 'University of Research' by Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, in the twilight years of the 19th century. A long period of almost thirteen years was to elapse from the initial conception in 1896 to the birth of the Institute on May 27, 1909. The early history of the Institute is a fascinating chapter in the story of higher education and scientific research in India. The cast of characters in the drama that led to the establishment of the Institute includes, in addition to its charismatic and generous founder J.N. Tata, figures from the pages of Indian history. There is Swami Vivekananda, whom J.N. Tata befriended on his famous voyage to the United States, the Maharaja of Mysore, Shri Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV and his mother then acting on his behalf, and Lord Curzon the Viceroy of India, whose first task on arrival on December 31, 1898 was to receive a draft proposal prepared by the Provisional Committee set up to plan the establishment of the Institute.

The plan was shepherded through many difficult years by Burjorji Padshah, a close associate of J.N. Tata. Unfortunately, J.N. Tata died in 1904 unaware that his vision would indeed be realized a few years later. When the British Government finally issued the Vesting Order in 1909, an unmatched experiment in higher education and research was launched in India. IISc is truly the first example of a public-private partnership in this country; an institution, whose evolution over a century is testimony to the robustness of its foundations. The Institute occupies nearly 400 acres of prime land in Bangalore, generously donated bythe Maharaja of Mysore in March 1907. Indeed, the contribution from the princely state of Mysore was the decisive element in determining the location of J.N. Tata's proposed institution. Remarkably, in a gesture unmatched in the annals of private philanthropy in India, Tata did not wish his name to be associated with the Institute. His dream was to create an institution that would contribute to the development of India. The name, Indian Institute of Science, which was finally chosen, reflects in every way the wishes of J.N. Tata. Visitors to Bangalore who seek out IISc still have to ask local residents for directions to the 'Tata Institute', a clear recognition that Jamsetji Tata's act of generosity has remained undimmed in public memory, despite the passage of a century.

The Institute began with only two departments: General and Applied Chemistry and Electro-Technology. The first Director, Morris W Travers began the task of organizing the Institute shortly after his arrival in India at the end of 1906. Travers began the construction of the main building, which is one of Bangalore's landmarks today. The Departments of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry together with the Library were among the earliest to be established. The Physics department came into being in 1933, when C.V. Raman became the first Indian Director of the Institute. In the century that has passed since its inception, IISc has grown to become India's premier centre for research and postgraduate education in science and engineering. The evolution of the Institute over the past one hundred years has mirrored the development of science and technology in India. A long history, a strong tradition of academic research and an ambience that favours scholarly activity have been important elements in making the Institute a most attractive place for students and faculty.

As the Institute has grown, several new areas of research have been established, many of them for the first time in India. The Institute's departments in fields ranging from Biochemistry to Aerospace Engineering have served to nucleate research and development in both the public and private sectors. The faculty and alumni of the Institute have been responsible for establishing and spearheading many new institutions and programs across the country, reflecting in a real sense, a major contribution of this centre of learning to national growth and development. Homi Bhabha conceived the idea of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and an Atomic Energy Program while working in the Department of Physics. Vikram Sarabhai, the founder of India's space program was an alumnus. Following his premature death, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was built by the farsighted leadership of Satish Dhawan, who simultaneously held the position of the Director of the Institute with the greatest distinction. The first Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Kharagpur was established by J.C.Ghosh, who was the Director of IISc in the critical period 1939-48, during which much of the activity in engineering was initiated at the Institute.

Many of India's most distinguished scientists have been associated with the Institute as students or faculty. Notable among them are G.N. Ramachandran, Harish Chandra, S. Ramaseshan, Brahm Prakash, A. Ramachandran, C.N.R. Rao and R. Narasimha. Alumni of the Institute head many major organizations in India and abroad. The Institute offers a variety of Master's degree programs in Engineering, an integrated (post-B.Sc.) program in sciences and Ph.D. programs in a wide spectrum of disciplines in science and engineering. The research laboratories at the Institute are well equipped. Many national facilities are housed at the Institute. The library and computational facilities at the Institute are amongst the best in India. A major program for modernizing laboratories is underway, catalyzed by a special grant provided by the Government of India in 2006. The Institute hosts hundreds of visitors from India and abroad every year and is the venue for many major national and international academic events.

The face of science and engineering research has been changing very rapidly over the past few years. In approaching the second century of the Institute many new activities have been initiated. Notable among them are the interdisciplinary Ph.D. programs in Mathematical Sciences, Chemical Biology, Earth System Science, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and Nanoengineering for Integrated Systems. These programs are intended to blur the traditional boundaries between disciplines, thereby promoting cross-disciplinary research. An M.Tech. program in Climate Science has also been introduced. A new Centre for Earth Sciences has been established and two new centres in the areas of Neuroscience and Climate Change are expected to begin activities in the near future. The Institute hopes to foster collaborative and interdisciplinary research in a vigorous fashion in the years to come. The Institute is also committed to promoting post-doctoral research in the areas of science and engineering. The Institute engages in interactions with society and industry through a variety of outreach programs. The Centre for Scientific and Industrial Consultancy (CSIC) and the Society for Innovation and Development (SID) promote collaborative interactions with industry, while the Centre for Continuing Education (CCE) provides an opportunity for working scientists and engineers to enrich themselves academically. The Institute actively promotes programs that encourage bright young school and undergraduate students to undertake research careers. The Institute's Young Fellowships Program in Science and Engineering seeks to bring young students to the campus in summer. The Institute also administers the Kishore Vaigyanik ProtsahanYojana (KVPY) program of the Department of Science and Technology (DST). The Institute's commitment to socially relevant research is specifically emphasized by the activities undertaken at the Centre for Sustainable Technologies (CST), together with the Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology (KSCST), which is housed on the campus.

To live and work at the Institute is a special privilege. Anniversaries are an occasion for both celebration and introspection. In reflecting on the past, present and future of the Institute, in this Centenary Year, an exchange between Morris Travers, the first Director, and Lord Willingdon, the then Viceroy, is worth recounting. Willingdon went around the Institute in June 1914 and said: "I had no idea that there was anything like this in India". Travers responded: "There is nothing like it in India; and nothing better in Great Britain". In ensuring that this sentiment is true, a great deal of work remains to be done.

P BALARAM
May 27, 2008

Profile of Institute
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a premier research institution of higher learning located in Bangalore, India. It was established in 1909. According to the journal Current Science,[1] IISc currently ranks first in India in terms of research output and quality of faculty (citation and impact factor). It also ranks first among Indian universities (and South Asian universities) in the "Academic ranking of world universities" conducted by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.

The Institute spends the highest amount on research among all universities in India. Admissions to IISc are highly competitive, consistently admitting only the top 1 percent of those attempting the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). IISc has been ranked No. 1 in an article titled "Ranking of Indian engineering and technological institutes for their research performance during 1999-2008" that was recently published in the journal Current Science.

The Indian Institute of Science in Bengaluru is one of the most unique institutions which enjoys the research presence in the frontier areas of technologically significant subjects and areas. The institute was the result of vision of Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, who believed that the development of the nation completely depended on the research and development advances made by the country. He began by contacting various authorities in the country and the formed a committee to move on with the idea. The institute was later brought into existence by a tripartite arrangement between the Indian government, Tatas and Government of Maharaja of Mysore (the land for the institution was presented by him). At the present date, it has become a leading institute for advanced research.

The approval of the constitution of the institute was given by the Viceroy Lord Minto in 1909, whereas the foundation was laid by the Maharaja of Mysore in 1911. The institute was granted a status of a deemed university in 1956 when the University Grants Commission came into existence. IISc was the first institute to introduce the Integrated Ph D programmes for Physics, Chemistry and Biology for science graduates. About 50% of the students consist of the research students whereas the institute awards 200 PhD And M.Sc.(Engg) degrees every year which is the largest number for any institute in India. Indian Institute of Science has also introduced a MBA programme recently. The first batch of the students was admitted in 1911 in the Departments of General and Applied Chemistry and Electrotechnology.

The faculty of IISc bengaluru constitutes of three divisions and the department includes Organic Chemistry, Physics including Astronomy & Astrophysics, Solid State & Structural Chemistry, Mathematics, Biochemistry, Microbiology & Cell Biology, Molecular Biophysics, Inorganic & Physical Chemistry, Ecological Sciences and Theoretical Studies. The engineering departments at the institute include the Materials Engineering, Management Studies, Centre for Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, Aerospace, Civil, Chemical, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical, Electrical Communication, High Voltage Engineering, Computer Science & Automation, and Centre for Electronic Design Technology.

Those looking to enter the IISc Bengaluru for the post graduation courses in Engineering have to first clear the GATE, the Graduate Aptitude Test In Engineering whereas those looking to enter the Postgraduate Degree Programmes in Management have to enter through the JMET ( Joint Management Entrance Test). The institute also offers short term programmes in engineering and science.

History
After a chance meeting between Jamsetji N. Tata and Swami Vivekananda on a ship in 1893 where they discussed Tata's plan of bringing the steel industry to India, Tata wrote to Vivekananda five years later:

I trust, you remember me as a fellow-traveller on your voyage from Japan to Chicago. I very much recall at this moment your views on the growth of the ascetic spirit in India... I recall these ideas in connection with my scheme of Research Institute of Science for India, of which you have doubtless heard or read.

Impressed by Vivekananda's views on science and leadership abilities, Tata wanted him to guide his campaign. Vivekananda endorsed the project with enthusiasm, and Tata, with the aim of advancing the scientific capabilities of the country, constituted a Provisional Committee to prepare a plan for setting up of an Institute of research and higher education. The committee presented a draft proposal to Lord Curzon on 31 December 1898. Subsequently, Sir William Ramsay, a Nobel Laureate, was called on to propose a suitable place for such an institution who suggested Bangalore as the best location.

The land and other facilities for the institution were pitched in from Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, the Maharaja of Mysore, Government of India, and Tata himself. While the Maharaja donated 372 acres (1.5 km2) of land free of cost, Tata gave several buildings and landed properties towards the creation of IISc.[8] Since then, the Government of Karnataka gifted lands during the Golden Jubilee and Platinum Jubilee of the Institute making the current land holding of the Institute 443 acres (1.79 km2).

The constitution of the Institute was approved by the Viceroy Lord Minto, and the necessary Vesting Order was signed on 27 May 1909. Early in 1911, the Maharaja of Mysore laid the foundation stone of the Institute, and on 24 July, the first batch of students were admitted in the Departments of General and Applied Chemistry under Norman Rudolf and Electro-Technology under Alferd Hay. Within two months, the Department of Organic Chemistry was opened. With the establishment of the University Grants Commission in 1956, the Institute came under its purview as a deemed university.

At the time of the inception of IISc in 1909, Morris Travers, William Ramsay's co-worker in the discovery of the noble gases, became its first Director. For Travers, this was a natural continuation of his work on the Institute, since he had played a role in its founding. The first Indian Director was the Nobel Laureate Sir C. V. Raman, and the current Director is Padmanabhan Balaram.

Academics - Faculty Structure - Science
The Faculty of Science comprises of three divisions consisting of Departments and Centres which include Biochemistry, Microbiology & Cell Biology, Molecular Biophysics, Inorganic & Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Solid State & Structural Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics including Astronomy & Astrophysics, Ecological Sciences and High Energy Physics. Academic programmes leading to Ph.D and M.Sc.(Engineering) by research are offered in the above departments.

The Integrated Ph.D. programme is designed to offer exciting opportunities to motivted and talented B.Sc. graduates with a keen sense of scientific enquiry for pursuing advanced research in frontier areas of Biological, Chemical and Physical Sciences leading to the Ph.D degree of the Institute.

The research students constitute the largest group(50%) on the campus and the Institute awards about 200 Ph.D and M.Sc.(Engg) degrees each year, which is probably the largest in any institution in India. The annual intake of research students is approximately 250 with several candidates sponsored from institutions and industries.

Admission to the research programmes of the Institute is based on career analysis and campus interview. Candidates are called for interview based on the entrance test of the Institute or any other test recognised by the Institute.

Academics - Faculty Structure - Engineering
The Faculty of Engineering consists of Departments of Aerospace, Civil, Chemical, Mechanical Engineering, Materials Engineering, Management Studies, Centre for Atomospheric and Ocean Sciences, Electrical, Electrical Communication, Computer Science & Automation, Centre for Electronic Design Technology, and Supercomputer Education & Research Centre.

Academic programmes leading to M.E. or M.Tech by course work and Ph.D. and M.Sc.(Engg.) by research are available in almost all the departments. An unique feature of the ME/M.Tech. programmes at the institute is the credit system which allows a student to tailor the courses to suit his/her aptitude and interest. Every ME/M.Tech. programme has a set of hard core courses specified as an essential requirement whereas the student can take rest of the credits from many courses available in his/her parent or other departments and also do a desertation work on the topic of his/her choice. These courses attract highly motivated accomplished students, in addition to several sponsored candidates from R & D labs./industries and also from educational institutions under the QIP programme. The flexible ME/M.Tech. programme has been recently introduced in a few departments which enables candidates from industry to take courses leading to ME/M.Tech. of the Institute, spread over a longer period than the regular programmes so that they can do ME/M.Tech. programmes while working at their industries.

Research programmes leading to M.Sc.(Engg.)/Ph.D. degrees are the main thrust in many departments. The programme has a limited amount of course work, essentially to prepare the student to carry out the research, but the main emphasis is on the thesis work. Excellent laboratory and computational facilities, an unique library, outstanding faculty with strong interests in both basic and applied sciences, make 'dream come true' kind of environment to students with strong interest and aptitude for research. These programmes attract students from all corners of the country, in addition to some international students.

External Registration programme leading to M.Sc.(Engg)/Ph.D. provide a most attractive mechanism through which candidates from industry/R&D can work with the faculty at the Institute under the joint guidance of Institute faculty and senior officers, Scientists in their parent organisation and acquire a research degree of the Institute with a minimal residential requirement. This has been one of the most successful programmes with nearly 30% research student enrolment in the Engineering faculty.

Faculty being highly qualified and exposed in specialised areas of national importance, attract a great deal of sponsored research and have the opportunity to participate at national and international levels in top level science and engineering meetings. This feature enables the faculty to respond rapidly to the changing scenario in science and technology and give initiations by introducing and nurturing new subjects. Thus every research effort becomes indeed a step in a new direction, providing exhilarating experience of learning/discovering in the ever changing scene of engineering and science.

In the 1997-98 session, the Institute has introduced three new courses viz. 1) ME Programme in Microelectronics, 2)ME Programme in Signal Processing and 3) perhaps the most innovative of programme of its type, the M.Des. Programme in Product Engineering and Design.

To keep up with the changing scenario of science and technology development in the country, more Masters Degree courses are introduced from the 1999-2000 session, viz. (1) MBA programme (which replaces the existing M Tech programme) in the department of Management Studies and (2) M Tech (Computational Science) programme in the Supercomputer Education and Research Centre.

Academics
Academics - Division of Biological Sciences
The Division of Biological Sciences at the Institute is engaged in frontline research at the frontiers of modern biology. It encompasses three major departments,four smaller Centres and three facilities and has on its rolls more than fifty faculty members and about 300 research scholars and post doctoral fellows. The scientists in the Division deal with almost all aspects of modern biology: molecular biology,structural biology, immunology, enzymology,reproductive and developmental biology,ecological and environmental studies and so on. The methods employed in these investigations include genetic engineering, immunological techniques, PCR, spectroscopy, X-ray Crystallography, electron-microscopy, bioinformatics and computer modeling.

The Biological sciences Division at the Institute has been for decades known as an internationally recognized Centre for fundamental modern biological rch. In recent years, useful applications of the research is receiving increased attention. The general current strategy is to carry out excellent fundamental research and to vigorously pursue the applications that flow from it. Currently, the scientists in the Division are in the process of collectively orchestrating most of their efforts under the following three broad areas with considerable application potential. They are:

* Infectious Diseases
* Drug and Molecular Design
* Gene Targetting,Genetic Disorders and Genetic Diversity

Through these efforts, the scientists in the Division are committed to continue to carry out excellent biological research and also address real life problems such as those involving tuberculosis,malaria,diarrhoeal diseases,and disorders of various kinds.

Academics - Division of Chemical Sciences
Chemistry is central science impinging on almost all aspects of our daily lives.The Division of Chemical has a long and rich tradition of research right from the inception of the Institute and has played a major role in the advancement of Chemical Sciences and Technology in the country for many decades. The Division consists of four Departments and a Centre of Excellence supported by CSIR and a Sophisticated Instruments Facility which houses high-field NMR spectrometers and an electron microscope. The research activities of the Division encompass all aspects of modern inorganic,organic,physical,theoretical and solidstate chemistry as well as materials science. The Division has on its roll more than 45 faculty members and more than 180 research scholars and post-doctoral fellows. Annually more than 150 research papers are published by the faculty.

Pioneering work has been carried out by the faculty of the Division on Surface Chemistry,Synthesis and Physical Properties of Novel Inorganic Solids, Nonometal Chemistry,Coordination and Organometallic Chemistry,Organic Photochemistry,Natural Products,Macromolecular Chemistry and Experimental and Theroretical Electrochemistry. The Division has the best Surface Science Laboratory in the country and has facilities to carry out photoelectron spectroscopy,Auger spectroscopy,Electron energy loss spectroscopy and X-ray spectroscopy. Close interactions between experimental and theoretical activities have enriched both and have resulted in understanding of several molecular and solid state phenomena.

In addition to significant contributions to fundamental research, important contributions have emerged in a number of applied areas leading to transfer of technologies such as manufacture of electronic-grde silicon and silicon-based materials,luminescent phosphors and ceramics for electronics and design og drug molecules.

Current research activity is focussed on several frontier and interdisciplenary areas such as Laser Spectroscopy, Chemical Dynamics, Organometallics, Functional Polymers, Supramolecular Chemistry, Smart Materials and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Fundamental investigations in these areas would enable the faculty of the Division not only to be at the forefront of international arena in these emerging areas but also to generate projects which have considerable application potential.

Academics - Division of Electrical Sciences
The Division of Electrical Sciences represents pioneering activity by the Institute from its beginning years. The activity started with a single department, the Department of Electrical Technology in 1911 and has now expanded to four departments and a centre. For many years, the Institute was the sole institution providing advanced instruction and research facilities in the field. The Division continues to maintain leadership in a wide spectrum of research areas as well as in postgraduate education. The Division has over 500 students working towards Master's and Ph.D degrees and has nearly 100 faculty members involved in research and teaching activities.

The Division is broadly concerned with Computer Science and Engineering, Power Engineering, Communication Engineering and Electronics. The areas of interest include Computer Systems and Software, Intelligent Systems, Theoretical Computer Science, Systems Science, Optical, Microwave, Mobile and Computer Communication, Signal Processing, Bioengineering, Microelectronics, Power Systems, Power Electronics, Electrical Breakdown Studies, Lighting Phenomena, Photovoltaics, Packaging and Production of Electronic Equipment, Electromagnetic Compatibility, Industrial Design.

The Division is carrying our sponsored research projects of interest to many agencies such as DST, DOE, MHRD, DRDO. Some of these are the following:

* Image Processing and Feature Extraction
* Micropricessor based Arrhythmia System
* Retinal Neural Networks
* Diffraction Tomography for Imaging in Oceans
* Education and Research in Computer Networking
* Keyword Spotting in continuous speech
* Computer-aided Rapid Prototyping
* Reliability of Automated Manufacturing Systems
* Assessment of Lightning-Aircraft Interaction

The Division has close links with the industry and is involved in design and development which is of interest to Power Systems and Utilities, Communications, Computer Software and the Electronics Industry. Consultancy projects in all these areas are in progress. Laboratory facilities exist in the Division for investigations in several areas. Some of these are the following:

* Computer-controlled multimachine power system
* Interactive digital image processing
* Adaptive signal processing
* Speech processing
* Computer Vision and Artificial Intelligence
* Thick and thin film hybrid circuits
* Computer communication networks
* Integrated optics
* Printed circuit boards
* Electromagnetic interference
* High voltage engineering

Academics - Division of Mathematical and Physical Sciences
The Division of Mathematical and Physical Sciences is one of the six divisions of the Institute. It comprises of the Department of Physics, Department of Instrumentation, Department of Mathematics, Centre for High Energy Physics, Centre for Contemporary Studies, and Centre for Cryogenic Technology.

The Department of Physics was founded in 1933 by Professor C V Raman. It originally established itself as an international centre for research in Optics & Spectroscopy. It is now carrying out research in the broad areas of condensed matter physics and biocrystallography. It also has an inter-institutional programme in Astronomy and Astrophysics. It is recognized as a centre for advanced study.

The Department of Instrumentation specialises in electronic instrumentation,thin film devices and optical instrumentation. It has catered to the needs of industries in a large measures. The film coatings developed by the department have been used in defence, aircraft and even in tribological devices such as watches.

The Centre for Cryogenic Technology operates to provides liquid nitrogen and liquid helium to all users in the Institute and outside. The facility has a unique record of providing cryogenic support for superconducting magnets which have been kept in persistant mode for a record time in the country. It also has taken up technological projects such as transfer coupling for superconducting generator, development of cryogenic container etc.

The Centre for High Energy Physics came into existence in 2004. The members of this Centre carry out research on different areas in theoretical high energy physics, quantum field theory and mathematical physics. The faculty members teach courses as part of the Integrated Ph.D. programme (which is run jointly by the Physics Department and CHEP) and the regular Ph.D. programme.

The Centre for Contemporary Studies came into existence in 2004. By organizing a series of seminars, lectures and discussions and by maintaining a steady stream of visiting scholars, the Centre aims to provide opportunities to the scientific community on the campus to experience a sample of the best scholarship and creativity outside the traditional boundaries of natural science.

The Department of Mathematics carries out research & teaching in all areas of pure and applied mathematics such as Algebra, Topology, Nonlinear Systems, Fluid Dynamics, Functional Theory etc. It also conducts the Mathematics Olympiad Programme.

Academics - Division of Mechanical Sciences
The Division of Mechanical Sciences comprises of six Departments and two Centres and is the largest Division of the Indian Institute of Science. Several of the Units were established in the forties as an outcome of the perceptions of the needs of the Second World War. Thus the Department of Aerospace Engineering was established in 1942 and has had a symbiotic relationship with the aerospace laboratories and industries in Bangalore.

The Space Technology Cell forms an interface with the Indian Space Research Organization, while the Joint Advanced Technology Programme extends a bridge with the Defence Research and Development Organization. The Department of Materials Engineering, established in 1945, has grown to be a formidable Centre for research in metallurgical and materials engineering. The Departments of Mechanical Engineering , Chemical Engineering are renowned in their areas of specialisation. A new Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing came into being in 1998 by reengineering the Central Workshop.

Research highlights include:-
Wind tunnel studies, Aircraft structures, Computational Fluids Dynamics, Unsteady aerodynamics, Water resources management including multireservoirs, Permeability of fine grained soils, Quasibrittle building materials, Rapid prototyping for advanced manufacturing, Noise abatement in industries at the Centre for Techincal Acoustics, Bacterial leaching of gold, Modelling of newer methods of iron making, Dynamic materials modelling, Development of novel materials and composites, Studies of turbulence,Monsoon simulation, Template gel filling, Granular solids, Reactor modelling, Polymer processing, and Technology Management.

It will be noted that incisive engineering science principles are applied to practical problems of interest in the mechanics of structures. The gamut is all the way from nanoscale structures to components in automobiles, aircraft and missiles to large civil structures. The dynamics of fluid flow in the steel converter, blood vessels, atmosphere and oceans have been mapped.

Alumni
* The Alumni Cell, IISc
The IISc Alumni Cell is an official unit of the Institute with the primary objective of facilitating the networking of all the IISc alumni/alumnae and creating a single semantic web of IISc fraternity. The Alumni Cell works closely with the IISc Alumni Association and its various chapters.

* IISc Alumni Association
The IISc Alumni Association is a registered society with the objective of enrolling all alumni/alumnae as members of the association and facilitating active participation of the alumni/alumnae in appropriate activities, events, and initiatives of the Institute. The Alumni Association is now setting up chapters in major cities and regions.

* Procedure for obtaining official transcripts
This provides a simple algorithm for the alumni to obtain official transcripts from the Institute.

Location
The IISc campus is located in North Bangalore about 4 kilometers from the city's main railway station and bus stand on the way to Yeshwantpur. Bus routes 252, 256, 258, 273 and 276 serve this institute from the Kempegowda Bus Station (also known as Majestic) and it is also easily accessible by auto-rikshaws.

Campus
The campus houses more than 40 departments, six canteens (cafeterias), a gymkhana (gym), three dining messes (halls), one multicuisine family restaurant, nine men's and five women's hostels (dormitories), an air strip, a library, two shopping centers, a massage parlour, a beauty parlour and residence areas for faculties and other staff members.

The IISc campus harbors both exotic and indigenous plant species with about 110 species of woody plants, including quite a number of Jackfruit trees.

The institute is an island of greenery within Bangalore and about twelve different species of snakes and endangered species like the [Gray Slender Loris|Slender Loris] have been found in its campus. A Snake Rescue group is available on call to translocate and prevent the killing of snakes.

Main building
The architecture of the main building, which today houses the administration and the prestigious Faculty Hall, is in classical style, carried out in a grey handsome tower. In front of it stands the work of Gilbert Bayes, a noble monument erected in memory of J. N. Tata.

At its feet is an inscription which will serve to remind future generations of the generosity of Jamsetji Tata and the persistence with which he worked for the welfare of India.

Library
The library was established in 1911 and it is one of the first three departments started in the Institute (the other two are Departments of General and Applied Chemistry and Electrotechnology). It is regarded as one of the best scientific and technical libraries in India.[citation needed] Apart from the main library, the Institute also has independent departmental libraries. The library moved in to the present premises in January 1965, built out of grants provided by University Grants Commission (UGC), in commemoration of the golden jubilee celebrations of the Institute in 1959. In 1995, the library was renamed as "J. R. D. Tata Memorial Library". The National Board for Higher Mathematics (NBHM) has recognised this library as Regional Center for Mathematics for the south region and continued to award a special grant towards subscription of Journals in Mathematics.

The annual budget of the library is over Rs. 100 million[citation needed] (almost US$ 250,000) of which subscription towards periodicals alone is about Rs. 90 million. The library currently receives over 1,734 periodical titles, of which 1381 are subscribed, while the remaining titles are received as gratis or on an exchange basis. About 600 titles are accessible through the library subscription. In addition, over 10,000 journals are accessible online, thanks to INDEST subscription. The total holdings of the library exceed 411,000 documents.
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) was conceived as a Research Institute or University of Research by Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, in the twilight years of the 19th century. A long period of almost thirteen years was to elapse from the initial conception in 1896 to the birth of the Institute on May 27, 1909. The early history of the Institute is a fascinating chapter in the story of higher education and scientific research in India. The cast of characters in the drama that led to the establishment of the Institute includes, in addition to its charismatic and generous founder J.N. Tata, figures from the pages of Indian history. There is Swami Vivekananda, whom J.N. Tata befriended on his famous voyage to the United States, the Maharaja of Mysore, Shri Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV and his mother then acting on his behalf, and Lord Curzon the Viceroy of India, whose first task on arrival on December 31, 1898 was to receive a draft proposal prepared by the Provisional Committee set up to plan the establishment of the Institute.

The plan was shepherded through many difficult years by Burjorji Padshah, a close associate of J.N. Tata. Unfortunately, J.N. Tata died in 1904 unaware that his vision would indeed be realized a few years later. When the British Government finally issued the Vesting Order in 1909, an unmatched experiment in higher education and research was launched in India. IISc is truly the first example of a public-private partnership in this country; an institution, whose evolution over a century is testimony to the robustness of its foundations. The Institute occupies nearly 400 acres of prime land in Bangalore, generously donated bythe Maharaja of Mysore in March 1907. Indeed, the contribution from the princely state of Mysore was the decisive element in determining the location of J.N. Tatas proposed institution. Remarkably, in a gesture unmatched in the annals of private philanthropy in India, Tata did not wish his name to be associated with the Institute. His dream was to create an institution that would contribute to the development of India. The name, Indian Institute of Science, which was finally chosen, reflects in every way the wishes of J.N. Tata. Visitors to Bangalore who seek out IISc still have to ask local residents for directions to the Tata Institute, a clear recognition that Jamsetji Tatas act of generosity has remained undimmed in public memory, despite the passage of a century.

The Institute began with only two departments: General and Applied Chemistry and Electro-Technology. The first Director, Morris W Travers began the task of organizing the Institute shortly after his arrival in India at the end of 1906. Travers began the construction of the main building, which is one of Bangalores landmarks today. The Departments of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry together with the Library were among the earliest to be established. The Physics department came into being in 1933, when C.V. Raman became the first Indian Director of the Institute. In the century that has passed since its inception, IISc has grown to become Indias premier centre for research and postgraduate education in science and engineering. The evolution of the Institute over the past one hundred years has mirrored the development of science and technology in India. A long history, a strong tradition of academic research and an ambience that favours scholarly activity have been important elements in making the Institute a most attractive place for students and faculty.

As the Institute has grown, several new areas of research have been established, many of them for the first time in India. The Institutes departments in fields ranging from Biochemistry to Aerospace Engineering have served to nucleate research and development in both the public and private sectors. The faculty and alumni of the Institute have been responsible for establishing and spearheading many new institutions and programs across the country, reflecting in a real sense, a major contribution of this centre of learning to national growth and development. Homi Bhabha conceived the idea of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and an Atomic Energy Program while working in the Department of Physics. Vikram Sarabhai, the founder of Indias space program was an alumnus. Following his premature death, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was built by the farsighted leadership of Satish Dhawan, who simultaneously held the position of the Director of the Institute with the greatest distinction. The first Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Kharagpur was established by J.C.Ghosh, who was the Director of IISc in the critical period 1939-48, during which much of the activity in engineering was initiated at the Institute.

Many of Indias most distinguished scientists have been associated with the Institute as students or faculty. Notable among them are G.N. Ramachandran, Harish Chandra, S. Ramaseshan, Brahm Prakash, A. Ramachandran, C.N.R. Rao and R. Narasimha. Alumni of the Institute head many major organizations in India and abroad. The Institute offers a variety of Masters degree programs in Engineering, an integrated (post-B.Sc.) program in sciences and Ph.D. programs in a wide spectrum of disciplines in science and engineering. The research laboratories at the Institute are well equipped. Many national facilities are housed at the Institute. The library and computational facilities at the Institute are amongst the best in India. A major program for modernizing laboratories is underway, catalyzed by a special grant provided by the Government of India in 2006. The Institute hosts hundreds of visitors from India and abroad every year and is the venue for many major national and international academic events.

The face of science and engineering research has been changing very rapidly over the past few years. In approaching the second century of the Institute many new activities have been initiated. Notable among them are the interdisciplinary Ph.D. programs in Mathematical Sciences, Chemical Biology, Earth System Science, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and Nanoengineering for Integrated Systems. These programs are intended to blur the traditional boundaries between disciplines, thereby promoting cross-disciplinary research. An M.Tech. program in Climate Science has also been introduced. A new Centre for Earth Sciences has been established and two new centres in the areas of Neuroscience and Climate Change are expected to begin activities in the near future. The Institute hopes to foster collaborative and interdisciplinary research in a vigorous fashion in the years to come. The Institute is also committed to promoting post-doctoral research in the areas of science and engineering. The Institute engages in interactions with society and industry through a variety of outreach programs. The Centre for Scientific and Industrial Consultancy (CSIC) and the Society for Innovation and Development (SID) promote collaborative interactions with industry, while the Centre for Continuing Education (CCE) provides an opportunity for working scientists and engineers to enrich themselves academically. The Institute actively promotes programs that encourage bright young school and undergraduate students to undertake research careers. The Institutes Young Fellowships Program in Science and Engineering seeks to bring young students to the campus in summer. The Institute also administers the Kishore Vaigyanik ProtsahanYojana (KVPY) program of the Department of Science and Technology (DST). The Institutes commitment to socially relevant research is specifically emphasized by the activities undertaken at the Centre for Sustainable Technologies (CST), together with the Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology (KSCST), which is housed on the campus.

To live and work at the Institute is a special privilege. Anniversaries are an occasion for both celebration and introspection. In reflecting on the past, present and future of the Institute, in this Centenary Year, an exchange between Morris Travers, the first Director, and Lord Willingdon, the then Viceroy, is worth recounting. Lord Willingdon went around the Institute in June 1914 and said: I had no idea that there was anything like this in India. Travers responded: There is nothing like it in India; and nothing better in Great Britain. In ensuring that this sentiment is true, a great deal of work remains to be done.

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Media coverage of Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore Karnataka, Karnataka

IISC student council to give scholarships to the needy

Financial constraints need not come in the way of bright students pursuing higher education, with the Students Council of the Indian Institute of Science instituting a scholarship fund for the needy.

To start with the fund will support the two-year pre-university course of those students eligible for the full scholarship to ensure they dont discontinue their education after class 10, said IISc student and volunteer for the programme, Pankaj Jain.

The institute, especially the student council has been supporting education for the underprivileged in some form for the last many years, but now we want to systematically take this forward. Under this programme, we are currently working with class 10 students at two government schools, one in Magadi and the other in Chikkabanavara.

A systematic screening process will be undertaken of the 200 students in these schools to under their economic status as well as academic performance. Their ambitions and motivation level, the interest of the family in higher education will all be assessed through interactions after which 30 to 40 students will be shortlisted to take up any course at the college of their choice and the scholarship fund will support it, added Mr Jain.

The faculty and students of IISc have made the first contribution to kickstart the programme. Mr Jain said the students have raised Rs 3 lakh themselves so far. The institute is also looking to get IISc alumni in the US to support the initiative, said Prof S. Mohan, chairman of the alumni cell.

The student council will also offer counselling about career opportunities and to families that are reluctant to send their daughters for further studies.

IISc in world list of 100 most reputed

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore has emerged the only Indian academic institution figuring in the worlds 100 most reputed universities, according to the Times Higher Education (THE) Rankings released on Friday. The first-ever reputation-based THE rankings has
predictably found Harvard at the top, followed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), University of Cambridge and the University of California Berkeley. Two Chinese universities — Tsinghua University (35) and Peking University (43) — also figure on the list.
The rankings are most significant for India because though the IISc is the countrys only institution in the list, its far better than performance-based rankings of Indian institutions in recent years. This offers us a ray of hope because it suggests while the IISc and other top institutions need to improve performance, marketing that performance may be taken care of already, a Indian education policy maker said.

Retired IISc professor, family found murdered

A retired professor of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), along with his wife and son, was found dead at his home in the state capital on Monday. Prof Purushottam Lal Sachdev, 66, who retired from the Mathematics Department of IISc in 1997, was strangled with a dupatta on the first floor. His wife Reeta (60) and son Deepak (35) were strangled with a wire in two separate rooms on the ground floor.

Syed Ulfath Hussain, DCP (North), said the murders took place on Sunday, but the bodies could only be discovered on Monday. We would not have known of Prof Sachdevs murder without the help of dog squad. We first discovered two bodies, but the third was noticed only after the dogs lead us upstairs. His body was hidden with suitcases piled around it. The house was locked from outside. They were not murdered for money. We did not find wardrobes or any other storage places in disarray, he said.

Hussain said Rajesh Diwan, a family friend, found the house locked on Monday morning. Other relatives tried to reach Prof Sachdev over the phone, but their calls were not answered. Diwan then went to the RT Nagar Police Station and broke open the door with the help of policemen.

Prof Sachdevs adopted son Anurag (22), a pre-university dropout, was away at a friends place when the incident took place. He returned on Monday. We are questioning Anurag and also looking for the maid and her husband who lived nearby. They have left their hut since Monday morning, Hussain said.



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