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Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana
Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana
Address: Plot / Street / Area
Rohtak (District Rohtak)
Haryana, IndiaPin Code : 124001
Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana is a University recognised by UGC. Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana is also known as MDU.
Maharshi Dayanand University is situated in Rohtak of Haryana state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Rohtak comes under Rohtak Tehsil, Rohtak District.
Fax # of Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana is 01262-294133, 294640, 292431.
Contact Person(s) of the Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana is (are): Proctor Prof SP Khatkar.
Residence Phone No(s) of concerned peron(s) of Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana is (are) : Registrar : +91-1262-274710.
Mobile No(s) of concerned persons at Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana are 98966-68001, 98966-68005, 99964-44113, 99964-44115.
email ID(s) is
Website of Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana is www.mdurohtak.com, www.mduiip.net, www,mdurohtak.ac.in.
Additional Information about Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana is : University campus
Deptt. of Pharm Sciences
Maharishi Dayanand Univ, ROHTAK - 124 001
Contact Person: ARUN NANDA
Vice Chancellor : Prof Raj S Dhankar, 01262-294327(O),+91-1262-274327 (O), 213119(R), Prof HS Chahal.
Registrar : Sh Shyamal Misra, SP Vats, 01262 294640(O)(R), email@example.com.
Contact Details of Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana are : Telephone: +91-1262-294640, 296051-57, 292431, 211307, 211308, 272436, 272185, 393596, 393197
C.O.E: Telephone: +91-1262-274169
Secrecy Dept Head Surender Maratha arrested by Police in May 2013.
Institute of Management Studies and Research (IMSAR) Director Prof HJ Ghosh Roy.
CoursesMaharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak Haryana runs course(s) in Business Management stream(s).
University Lesson Programs:
Certificate Course in French
Certificate course in Spanish
Certificate course in Urdu
Under Graduate Programs:
B. P. Ed.
B.Tech (ECE,CSE,MECH, BIO-TECH)
Bachelor of Pharmacy
L. L. B. -3 Years(Evening)
L. L. B.( 3 Years)
L. L. B.( 5 Years)
Post Graduate Programs:
M. A. (Defence Studies, Economics, Education, English, Fine Arts, Geography, Hindi, Mass Communication, Music, Political Science, Psychology, Public Administration, Sanskrit, Sociology, History, Business Economics, International Business), M.Com (Commerce), M. P. Ed. M. Pharm. (Drug Regulatory Affairs and Industrial Pharmacy), M. Sc. (Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Genetics, Math with Computer Science, Mathematical Statistics, Mathematics, Medical Biotechnology, Zoology, Physics, Food Processing Technology), M.Ed., MBA, LLM, MCA, Master of Hotel Management, Master of Tourism Management
Diploma: Diploma in French, Post Graduate Diploma in Guidance & Counseling, Post Graduate Diploma in Translation (Hindi - English)
M.Phil (Commerce, Economics, Education, English, Geography, Hindi, History, Mathematics, Political Science, Psychology, Public Administration, Sanskrit, Sociology, Statistics)
Department of Law, Rohtak
Department Of Pharmacy Science, Rohtak
Profile of Maharshi Dayanand UniversityIntroduction
University established under Haryana State Legislative Act XXV of 1975.
Maharshi Dayanand University (MDU) is a public university located at Rohtak, Haryana, India. Established in 1976 and named after the great saint Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, the varsity is a premier institution of higher education in the region. The university offers courses in different fields of study at undergraduate, post graduate and doctoral levels. Besides offering courses at campus, it also acts as an affiliating university and provides several programs through various colleges, institutes and centers throughout the region. The colleges of districts Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Jhajjar, Mahendergarh, Rewari, Rohtak, and Sonepat are affiliated to the university.
Maharshi Dayanand University was established through an Act of the Legislative Assembly of Haryana in the year 1976 with a specific objective- "To establish and incorporate a teaching-cum-affiliating university at Rohtak for the encouragement of interdisciplinary higher education and research with special emphasis on studies of life sciences and environmental and ecological sciences". During the 31 years of its existence the University has achieved a remarkable degree of success in its academic pursuits, expansion programs, and infrastructural development.
Moving from the limited original objective of studies in life sciences, the University today functions with 13 faculties, 27 post graduate departments, and runs 77 academic programs on campus. There are 66 Boards of Studies for developing and designing courses in various disciplines. Besides the main campus, there are 2 satellite campuses - Regional Center offering post graduate programs at Rewari, and the National Law College at Gurgaon. As an affiliating University, it has 126 institutions and colleges under its wings with a cumulative enrollment of about 1.70 lac students in various disciplines.
Among the premier professional institutions, it has the prestigious Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences at Rohtak with a 1000 bed hospital, a post graduate College of Medicine offering specializations in 21 disciplines. Besides, the University also boasts of a Medical College at Agroha, and a Dental College at Rohtak. Among other affiliated institutes, the University has a number of engineering colleges, management institutes, pharmacy colleges etc. On Campus, it has a Directorate of Distance Education with an enrollment of over 50,000 students for 24 professional and regular courses.
The University has established six Chairs to conduct research on the lives and contributions of some eminent Indians.Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, before he became a sanyasin, bore the name of Mulshankar. He was borne in 1824 in state of Morvi in Kathiyawar, Gujrat. His father Karshan ji Lal ji Tiwari, was an orthodox Brahmin and a devout worshiper of Lord Shiva. Mulshankar's Sanskrit education began at the age of five and he was invested with the sacred thread in his eighth year. By the time he was fourteen he had committed to memory the whole of the of Yajurveda and several portion of other Vedas. In his fourteenth year, on the Shivaratri day, he was commanded by his father to participate in the night long vigil in the temple of Shiva. His father and the other devotees soon fall asleep. Young Mulshankar now and then bathed his eyes with cold water and heroically withstood the temptation to go to sleep. Then came a hideous doubt in his mind whether the stone image of Shiva before him bestriding a bull and holding a trident in his hand and beating a drum, and allowing live rats to crawl over its body- whether this idol, could indeed be the Lord of Kailash, the Supreme being. He roused his father from his sleep and asked him to clear his doubts. His father in the usual way explained that Shiva could not be perceived directly in this Kali Age, and hence people had to the idol representing God and consecrated by Vedic mantras for the purposes of worship. The boy was not satisfied with such an explanation and went home. He broke his fast and put an end to his vigil, as he had made up his mind to break away once and for all from idol worship.
There are other incidents in his life that left indelible marks on his mind-the death of his sister and of his uncle whom he had loved so passionately. These painful experiences only helped him to intensify the inner enquiry about the higher question of life. He began to have serious misgivings about capacity of prevailing religious systems to provide satisfying answers to these serious queries regarding life, death and sufferings. He however went on with his studies with redoubled energy, resolving to attain liberation through the practice of yoga and thus triumph over death. His parents came to know of his resolve and were determined to get him married so that he might not renounce the world in preference for a life of renunciation. When his protests were of no avail and day was fixed for his wedding, he fled from his home and became a Sadhu and changed his name to Brahmachari Shuddha Chaitanya. Shuddha Chaitanya wondered here and there in search of truth and knowledge and met a Sanyasi Swami Purnanand Saraswati. This Sanyasi initiated him in to the Saraswati order and gave a new name Dayanand Saraswati.
Dyanand Saraswati took an exhaustive tour of India. It was during this time that he practiced yoga and learnt Vedanta Philosophy. In search of a teacher who could give him the right clues to knowledge he wondered from place to palace. All this time, he met only with those who could make good show with the outer paraphernalia of so-called religious life. After fifteen years restless wondering from place to place and from teacher to teacher, in 1860 Dayanand reached Mathuara and found a Guru after his own heart. This was a blind Sanyasi called Virajanand Dandi, a great authority on Sanskrit grammar and man of heroic mould. His hatred of image worship, and of the traditional system of teaching was consuming fire. His soul was the full of purity and greatness of India's glorious past.
This man's influence on Dayanand was permanent. It was who he made clear to the young man his mission of life. Dayanand stayed with his Guru for two and of half years at Mathura. He was taught to have implicit faith in the ancient books written by Rishis.On the completion of his study, the Dakshina, the fee demanded by his guru was solemn pledge on the part of his pupil to devote his life to the dissemination of truth and to wage incessant war on the falsehood of Puranic Hinduism and restore the true teaching of the Vedas. His words were-'Promise me that you will, as long as you live, devote everything, even give up your life, to the propagation in India of the books of the Rishis and Vedic Religion'.
The next twelve years of Dayanand's life were years of preparation for the tremendous task set before him. He left his master in 1863 and visited Agra, Gwalior, Jaipur, Pushkar, Ajmer, Hridwar,Benaras and several other places-holding discussions with pandits and fearlessly criticizing orthodox opinions and denouncing idolatry. It was Bombay (Mumbai) that his mission took a definite shape by the publication in early 1875 of his major book, the Satyarth Prakash, and by the establishment of the Aryasamaj on 10, April 1875. The next twelve years of Dayanand's life were years of preparation for the tremendous task set before him. He left his master in 1863 and visited Agra, Gwalior, Jaipur, Pushkar, Ajmer, Hridwar,Benaras and several other places-holding discussions with pandits and fearlessly criticizing orthodox opinions and denouncing idolatry. It was Bombay (Mumbai) that his mission took a definite shape by the publication in early 1875 of his major book, the Satyarth Prakash, and by the establishment of the Aryasamaj on 10,April 1875. The rest of Dayanand's life was spent in organizing the branches of the Samaj and in translating the Vedas in to Hindi, in addition to writing other texts explaining his ideas. His principal works are- The Satyarth Prakash, the Rigvedadi Bhashyabhoomika and the Sanskarvidhi. During this time he met the members of the Prathana samaj and the Theosophical Socity, but the latter could not come to terms with his revolutionary ideas and Dayanand had to part company with them. Throughout his life Dayanand had to bear abuse, calumny, violence and even attempts on his life. But his courage purity of his character and his single minded devotion to his purpose bore down all apposition. He always advocated for truth and knowledge, as he writes in the fourth and eighth principals of Aryasamaj.
'One should always be prepared to accept truth and reject falsehood'. 'One should always promote knowledge and dispel ignorance'. At Jodhapur, he was fatally poisoned and passed away on October30, 1883 at the age of fifty-nine. Scholars compare Maharshi Dayanand with Martin Luther. At close look of Luther and Dayanand would reveal many points of contact between the two. As Luther a German monk, was child of the European renaissance, so Dayanand, the Gujrat born monk, was a child of Indian renaissance. Both alike felt the tug of 'Zeitgeist'. Both in there different ways become exponents of the new spirit. Luther attacked indulgences, while Dayanand attacked idolatry among other things. Luther appealed from the Roman Church and the authority of the tradition to the scriptures of the old and new testaments. Dayanand appealed from the Brahmanical Church and the authority of the Shruti and Smriti texts to the earliest and most sacred of Indian scriptures. The watchword Luther was ' Back to the Bible', while that of Dayanand was 'Back to the Vedas'.
Profile of University
Maharshi Dayanand University is Situated at a distance of 70-km Northwest of Delhi on the National Highway No. 10, It is spread over a sprawling 740 acres of land on the outskirts of the historic city of Rohtak.
Named after the great social reformer and founder of Arya Samaj, Maharshi Dayanand University was established in 1976 as a residential University with the objective of promoting higher studies in the fields of environmental, ecological and life sciences and inter-disciplinary education and research. But in 1978, the unitary and residential character of the University was changed when all colleges in five districts of Haryana were affiliated with this University, and, thus, turning it into a teaching-cum-affiliating University.
The University during this span, has grown to 27 Post-Graduate departments under 12 Faculties with more than 350 faculty members; one Post-Graduate Regional Centre at Rewari; one maintained University College; one Directorate of Distance Education and one Computer Centre. Besides, 110 affiliated colleges offering courses in humanities, science, commerce and management; Post-Graduate Medical Research Institute and Dental College, Rohtak; Medical College, Agroha; State College of Engineering, Murthal; Technological Institute of Textiles, Bhiwani are among the premier affiliated nstitution which form the nucleus of University's diverse academic programmes.
The University over the years has been constantly improving the quality of education in the traditional areas of Arts, Commerce and pure Sciences. At the same time, we have not been obvious to the rapid changes that are taking place in the sphere of technical and professional education. We have introduced a number of job oriented courses in our University Teaching Departments and University College from the current academic session. Some of these are: -
* Bachelor of Information Technology (BIT)
* Bachelor of Information Sciences (BIS)
* 2 Years Master's Programme in Global Business
* One year P.G. Diploma in Advt. And Media Management
* One year P.G. Diploma in Pharmaceutical Marketing
* LL.M. through Distance Education
* P.G. Diploma in Labour law and Labour Welfare through Distance Education
* P.G. Diploma in Inland Aqua Culture
* P.G. Diploma in Physical Education
* Certificate Course in Physical Education
* Complete List of Courses Offered
The above changes, however, increase the cost of education considerably, which conflicts with our social obligation. As all of you are aware, the bulk of our students are from rural background. The University has, however, been aware of its social obligation towards them Besides, adhering to the stipulated reservation policy of the Govt. in respect of weaker section of our society both for admission and recruitment, we have also been giving special consideration for admission to students from rural areas. It is because of this reason that the fees of our University remain amongst the lowest. At the same time, we have well aware of the fact that MDU Universities need to generate more points to meet the increasing cost of education and their growth to counter the receding Government support. We are in the process of evolving certain plans to meet this challenge keeping in mind the background of our students. At the same time, we are firm in our resolve not to neglect our social obligations.
The Department of Computer Science & Applications which was established some years back is fast emerging as a nucleus for diverse academic activities on the Campus. From 1994-95, after developing adequate infrastructural facilities, the department started offering 3-year Master's Programme in Computer Applications. Besides, conducting formal courses, the Department of Computer Science has been providing free consultancy services to many educational Institutions in developing computer labs and has also been identified as one of the Centres for conducting training programmers for affiliating colleges by the University Grants Commission.
In a continued attempt to update educational and infrastructural facilities on the campus, the University has developed a Computer Centre and University Instrumentation Centre. The Computer Centre is extending central computing and data processing facilities and has ambitious plans to computerize major University functioning. The Instrumentation Centre is fast coming up to facilitate the centralization of major sophisticated equipment for maximum utilization by teachers, researchers and students in diverse disciplines.
Equipped with Hi-tech Instrumental Aids, Computer Labs, Conference Rooms, EDP Rooms, Xerox, Fax and E-mail facilities, its own In-House Management Library with over 10,000 titles, subscribing to 10 dailies and 35 national and international journals, Institute of Management Studies and Research (IMSAR) is housed in a beautifully designed building. Besides running 2-Year Full-time and 3-Year Part- time MBA Courses, it is the only Institute in Haryana that offers 5-Year Integrated MBA Programme to the young students who w ish to opt Management as their career after 10+2. To mould itself into a true 21st Century business school, the institute offers specialisation in Information Technology, International Business, Marketing, Finance, Human Resource Management and Production.
IMSAR is further augmenting its contribution to the corporate world by introducing 2-Year Masters Programme in Global Business Management, One-Year P.G. Diploma in Advertising and Media Management and one-Year P.G. Diploma in Pharmaceutical Marketing through Distance Education. Development of students personality and their exposure to real corporate world has been identified as the area of strategic focus at IMSAR and as result the Institute is legitimately proud of the fact that its products over the years are holding fairly senior executive positions in various organisations of repute.
To satisfy the long standing demand of the people of Haryana, the University has also established the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences which is meeting the requirements of the fast emerging Pharmaceutical Sector in the Country. Continuing with the process, the University has constituted a committee of Senior Faculty members from various faculties to explore the possibilities and suggest the introduction of market oriented new courses in various disciplines. On the recommendations of the committee, from the current academic session, the University has started two new courses in the area of Information Technology in the University College, three courses in the area of management science through distance education and Certificate Course in the area of Physical Education. Our endeavor in this direction is to make our product competent enough to handle the challenges of today's highly competitive, complex and dynamic corporate world.
Apart from running LL.M., LL.B. 3 Year course and Post Graduate Diploma in Labour Law, the faculty of law has been the pioneer in introducing 5-Year Integrated Course of LL.B. in 1983, which has been the subsequently followed by various Universities of the country. Since its inception the faculty has earned many distinction in the teaching, extra curricular activities and rendering extension services. Under the legal aid programme, hundreds of legal aid camps and workshops have been organised in remote areas of the State. Excellence in cultural and youth activities has brought laurels in national level competitions. Our team has the distinction of winning first prize in first National Model Youth Parliament competition organized by Govt. of India in 1998. In the second National Level competition of Model Youth Parliament, the team won the merit trophy. Our students have proved their worth in Indian Civil Services as well as Judicial Services. Faculty of Law has a rich collection of 26,000 books in its library and it is regularly publishing its own MDU Law Journal on annual basis. In addition to traditional Post-Graduate Courses, the University is already running such courses as that of Journalism and Mass Communication, Rural Development, and Defence & Strategic Studies.
Keeping in view the spirit of Open University System and in accordance with the National Policy of Education, which lays emphasis on continuing and distance education, Maharshi Dayanand University is running various Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate Courses through correspondence since 1988. For the purpose of providing quality education and also to make the courses comparable at national and international level, the status of Directorate of Correspondence was upgraded to Directorate of Distance Education.
Encouraged by the successful implementation and completion of B.Ed., M.Ed and other programmes for the last many years, the University has also decided to start various professional courses w.e.f. the current academic session. Besides running these courses, the Directorate is also planning to organise seminars, workshops and conferences for improving the quality of distance education.
With the University maturing into greater all round activity in all spheres, the academic and research activities on the campus have acquired a new thrust. Under the teachers exchange programme, eminent scholars have visited various departments for extension lectures. Some of our faculty members have visited other Universities and abroad on various fellowships/exchange programmes. There has been a constant exposure of our faculty through participation in national/international seminars/conferences in India and abroad.
During previous academic session, seminars/conferences of the national and international level were organised by various departments on the campus. One day National Seminar on 'Various Aspects of the Pauranik Literature' was organised by the Department of Sanskrit, Pali & Prakrit. The Department of Commerce organised one-day Seminar on 'Stock Market Operations - Emerging Issues and Aspects'. The Department of Economics organised two-day National Conference on 'Green Revolution, Technology and Sustainable Development in India'. The Department of Public Administration organised a two-day National Seminar on 'New Challenges before Public Administration in India'. Department of Sociology organised a two-day conference on 'Patterns and Problems of Social Transformation in North-West India'. A two-day National Conference on 'Managerial Responses to Corporate Sector in the New Millenium' was organised in February 2000 by the Institute of Management Studies and Research in which more than 100 distinguished scholars and executives from various Universities and the corporate sector participated. The Department of Chemistry conducted a two-day National Seminar on 'Analytical Methods in Industry & Labs'. A two-day National Conference was organised by the Department of Bio-Sciences on 'Utilisation of Saline Soil for Aquaculture' in collaboration with Central Institute for Fisheries Education, Versova, and Mumbai. About 70 scientists and 60 fish farmers participated. 40 Research Papers were presented and 15 Lectures were delivered, Prizes were awarded for highest production of fish per hectare to farmers. Likewise, almost every department organised various activities like lecture series, workshops, exhibition, quiz contests, debates, extension lectures etc. during the previous academic session.
In terms of achievements, the University can be justly proud of its track record in all fields. Its alumni re well placed in various walks of life-an asset we intend exploring for betterment of the institution. Some reputed companies like Tata Consultancy Services are regularly conducting campus interviews. In the field of extra curricular activities we offer our students substantial variety. The student in turn has done us proud.
The University teachers have been regularly publishing research articles in prestigious national and/or international journals and magazines. They have been granted a large number of major/minor research projects by various agencies apart from U.G.C. Teachers in various departments have also published a number of books in various disciplines. The fact that more than 300 research scholars have been awarded Ph.D. degrees in various disciplines since last convocation in 1998 speaks of the volume of research work being done in the University. Owing to space and time limitations the details of these research works publications, unfortunately cannot be provided.
The Library in a University campus forms the nucleus of all academic activities. Maharshi Dayanand University Library offers excellent facilities with a seating capacity for 650 readers at a time and 24 cubicles for University teachers and researchers. Equipped with nearly 2 Lac documents, 600 Indian and foreign Journals, 3 reading halls, 2 seminar halls, a spacious Committee Room, it is rightfully the hub of all academic activities. In the process of modernising, the functioning of the library is being computerized. Various services like biographic services, reprographic services, inter-library loan facilities, Xerox facility, E-mail and Internet facilities are made available to the users of the library.
In addition to beautiful playgrounds and massive sports infrastructure, a major attraction on the campus is the Swimming Pool of national standard. In sports our students have achieved commendable positions in various games at the national level. During previous academic session our University won All India Inter-University Championship in Wrestling, Yoga (women),Softball and Boxing. Our Yoga (men) and Kabaddi (men) teams did well to win 2nd position in the All India Inter-University Championship. Our Cross Country (Men) team have also obtained 3 rd place in the All India Inter-University Championship. Besides excellent team performances, our players brought laurel to the University by winning individual positions. Sandeep and Sajjan Pal of Govt. College, Dujana won Gold Medals and Shri Pal and Naveen Dahiya of C.R.A. College, Sonepat secured Silver Medals in All India Inter-University competition in wrestling. Our students Sunita Dahiya and Babita of Hindu Girls College,Sonepat and Sandeep and Manbir of Vaish College,Bhiwani have been decorated with Gold Medals in All India Inter-University Championship. In total 30 students of our University have received Gold, Silver and Bronze medals at various Inter-University and National Championships. We have been regularly winning a number of medals in the Inter University Championships.Two of our athletes have represented India in Boxing and Hockey.
The University has set up a special SC/ST Cell for the upliftment of SC/ST/other reserved category candidates. The Cell is making earnest efforts for effective implementation of the policies and programmes relating to appointments, promotions, admissions etc of SC/ST candidates. All the policies and programmes of the UGC/Govt. of India/State Govt. received from time to time are fully implemented and all related information is displayed at prominent places to help the reserved category candidates.
To sum up, the campus presents a magnificent architectural and aesthetic delight with a modern three storeyed library building flanked by science blocks to its right and the prestigious Institute of Management Studies and Research and Faculty of Law to its left. A new Arts Faculty adorns the space in between. Indira Gandhi Vidya Bhawan houses various languages and social sciences departments. Together with the imposing structures of Administrative Office and Vice-Chancellor's office, the whole complex lends additional grace to the physical landscape. The campus provides many other infrastructural facilities and essential amenities for community living like Faculty House, Health Centre, Shopping Complex, Bank, huge playing fields and Sports Complex, Yagyashala, 6 Hostels for boys and girls, a Botanical Garden, a Rose Garden and a Campus School. A large number of residential houses for all categories of teaching and non-teaching employees ensure pulsating corporate life on the campus.
Due to the limitation of time, it is not possible to recount all the details of our achievements in the area of development, research, conferences, cultural activities and sports etc. We have had our share of trials and tribulations but with the commendable cooperation of the members of the faculty, the students and all the employees of the University as well as the people of this area, we have been able to make significant headway in our plans of bringing this University at par with the best in the country.
Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak was established through an Act of Legislative Assembly of Haryana in the year 1976 with a specific objective-
"To establish and incorporate a teaching-cum-affiliating University at Rohtak for the encouragement of interdisciplinary higher education and research with special emphasis on studies of Life Sciences and Environmental and Ecological Sciences". During the last over 26 years of its existence the University has achieved a remarkable degree of success in its expansion programmes, infrastructural developments and in academic excellence.
Moving from the limited original objective of studies in Life Sciences, the University today functions under 13 faculties with 27 post-graduate departments on the campus running 77 academic programmes.
There are 66 Boards of Studies for developing and designing courses in different disciplines.
Besides the main Campus, there are 2 satellite campuses - Regional Centre running post-graduate teaching at Rewari and National Law College at Gurgaon.
As an affiliating University, it has 126 institutions and colleges under its control with an enrolment of about 1.70 lacs students.
Among the premier professional institutions, we have the prestigious Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences at Rohtak with 986 bedded hospital, Medical College and Post Graduate MD/MS Medical studies in 21 disciplines, 9 P.G. Diplomas & a Medical College at Agroha apart from a Dental College at Rohtak.
Among affiliated institutes, the University has a number of Engineering Colleges, Computer and Management Studies institutes, Pharmaceutical Colleges etc.
On Campus, we have a Directorate of Distance Education with an enrolment of 45000 students for 24 professional and non-professional courses.
The University has established six Chairs to conduct research on the lives and contributions of some eminent Indians.
The region surrounding Rohtak occupies the central place in the Bangru speaking zone of the state of Haryana. The town (28 .54 W & 35 E) lies 75 kms West of Delhi on the Ferozepur railway line. The tract is a part of the Ghaggar-Yamuna Divide and has no stream to water it. It has a brackish subsoil water, poor rainfall and an extreme temperature in summer and winter. The region would have remained almost dry and arid but for the canal irrigation by Firozshah Tughluq, Mughals, the British and more recently in the post-independence period.
The antiquity of the region goes back to the pre-Vedic Chalcolithic/Bronze age. The ancient remains of the villages and towns related to the last phase of Indus Civilisation, going back to atleast 4000 years, can still be seen around the region, particularly at Farmana near Mahem and Lahot (near Dhansa border). After the fall of the Indus towns, the village settlements of the Late Harappa Tradition survived until the middle of the second millennium B.C. in its decadent phase.
The advent of a new cultural tradition around 1500 B.C. most probably from the North-West of the subcontinent and beyond displaced the preceding Chalcolihthic/lndus survivors from the Gandhara region of Pakistan to Bihar. It manifested into atleast three related regional cultures, the Gandhara Grave culture (C. 1500-500 B.C.), the Painted Grey Ware (PGW) culture (C.1100- 500 B.C.) and the Black Slipped Ware (BSW) culture (C.800-600 B.C.). The peasant-pastoral PGW culture was distinguished by the use of iron, horse and cattle and a thin grey coloured and painted pottery. It spread from Sutlej to the Ganga and particularly along the Saraswati valley in northern plains. Its discovery from Hastinapur, Panipat, Pehova, Kurukshetra, Mathura. Indraprastha or Delhi excited the imagination of the traditional archaeologists to associate the culture with the Mahabharat heroes. However, the geographical distribution, chronology and the cultural millieu of the PGW culture can be well compared with the culture of the Vedic (later phase) literature or Aryans. The discovery of the PGW culture from the lowest levels of Khokhrakot at Rohtak attests the intrusion of the Vedic people at Rohtak in the later Vedic period. The semi-agricultural and pastoral Aryans uf the Rig Veda had by now taken to settled Janapadas and developed agrarian economy assited by relevant iron technology and social organisation comprising the Varna System. It is about this period that the Gana Rajyas (tribal republics) or chiefdoms came into existence. The political struggle for domination ensued and the more successful established city states or the Mahajanapadas in the 7th century B.C. It is from now onwards that the history of India growingly becomes the history of the struggle of centripetal and centrifugal forces. Magadhan empire emerged successful in establishing almost a pan-Indian hegemony under the Nandas and the Mauryas and gave impetus to the rise of regional cities.
The Rohtak tract saw the growth of Second Urbanisation in the early historic times in the 4th century B.C. as evidenced by the excavations at Khokhra Kot mound near the town. The discovery of Ashokan pillars at Topra in North Haryana and at Hissar and Fatehabad attests the expansion of the Mauryan Empire in our region. The period was marked by the popularity of Prakrit language, the spread of Buddhism, the beginning of brick architecture, coinage and the Brahmi alphabets (a new script). After the collapse of the Mauryan empire the region saw the resurgence of the Tribal republic of the Yaudheyas to be subdued again by the invading Indo- Greeks, Sakas and Kushanas before the beginning of the Christian era. The Kushana rule integrated Northern India with Central Asia. The period saw the growth of urbanisation to higher peaks by boosting trade with Central and Western Asia and Europe. The assimilation of a variety of foreign elements enriched the Indian culture. The early historical period was also distinguished by the prevalence of slavery, caste system, decline in the status of women and untouchables under the sanction of the state and the Dharma Shastras.
The disintegration of the Kushana empire in the 3rd century A.D. again led to the rise of the Yaudheyas (tribal republic) at Rohtak as attested by the discovery of their seals and coin mounds. They were, however, subjugated by another Magadhan empire of the Guptas in the 4th century A.D. Soon after the urban centres decayed gradually giving way to the rise of feudal society and culture, agrarian economy, decentralisation of power and a new hierarchical social order. The town of Rohtak also decayed. The invasion by the Hunas, indicated anarchic conditions of the times.
The early centuries of the Christian era saw.the rise of the cults of Kartikeya. Shiva and Vishnu. This was a great era of cultural fusion when the foreign invaders like the Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas and the Hunas were assimilated. Stupas, pillars and sculptures, decorated bricks of temples and seals bear testimony to the beautiful art tradition of the region- Wrestling and lute playing with drums were the popular past-time of the people.
The later half of the 6th century A.D. saw the rise of the Puspabhutis or Vardhanas as the rulers of Shrikanth kingdom of Thanesar. Prabhakar Vardhan was a powerful king and ousted the Huna power from the region. Rohtak formed part of the Thanesar kingdom and later of the Kanauj empire of Harsha Vardhana, the Pushpabhuti prince of Thanesar. Anarchic conditions again set in the region with the death of Harsha. Peace was established by Gurjar Pratiharas of Ujjain (who are believed to be foreigners). They conquered North India in the 9th century and ruled from Kanauj. The Tomaras of Delhi, the Samantas of the Pratiharas, asserted their independence in the 10th century and ruled over Haryana including Rohtak.
Haryana is situated between Lat. 27ï¿½39 to 30ï¿½55 N. and Long 74ï¿½27.8 to 77ï¿½36.5 E. It is bounded on the West by Punjab; on the North by Himachal Pradesh; on the East by Uttar Pradesh; and on the South by Rajasthan. Delhi, the National capital, stands conspicuously on its South-Eastern extremity on the right bank of the river Yamuna. Haryana s area is 44,222 sq. kms. and population 2,10,82, 989 (2001). It comprises four divisions of Ambala, Gurgaon, Rohtakand Hisar, and eighteen districts, Hisar, Rohtak, Gurgaon, Karnal, Ambala, Jind, Sirsa, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Sonepat, Kurukshetra, Mahendragarh, Rewari, Jhajjar, Patehabad, Kaithal, Yamuna Nagar and Punchkula. It is a predominantly rural state where 78% live in 7073 villages. The rest of the population 22% - lives in cities (11) and in towns (70).
Physically, the state falls into two broad natural divisions : (i) the Sub-Himalayan Tract; and (ii) the Indo-Gangetic plain, which run almost parallel to each other. But for the Yamuna which forms the state s Eastern boundary with Uttar Pradesh there is no perennial river here. The soil is for the most part medium-textured. Barring a part of Mahendragarh, there is no known mineral wealth. The climate is tropical and the rain fall is inadequate. Agriculture is still the chief means of people s economy, although of late industries have also started coming up in a big way.
Haryana is the matrix of creation , says the tradition. Evidence in the form of fossil remains from the Shivalik foothills gives some credence to this: Ramapithicus, the first harbinger of man is reported to have lived here some 14 million years ago. A few tools of stone found in some parts of Gurgaon (Aravalli hills) and Ambala (Shivaiiks) attest the presence of the "Stone age Man* here around 20 to 30 thousand years ago. This early man of Haryana, it is surmised, belonged to the Begritos.race. He led an exceedingly simple life; knew no cultivation and survived on fruits, nuts and roots, and hunted down small animals. His population was quite sparse but the possibility of his having formed some sort of social institutions can not be ruled out.
This stage of the early settlers of Haryana continued for several thousand years. About third millennium B.C., the society was, however, transformed by a new discovery - farming, which was brought here by the Chalcolithic people from Rajasthan who moved in here through the valley of the Drishadvati around 2500 B.C. The indigenous population, as noted above, being quite sparse seems to have befriended and mixed with the "newcomers giving birth to a new people styled as Siswals by the archaeologists. Agriculture brought sedentary life and villages sprang up. The cultivation of crops and the domestication of animals provided a total production which exceeded the individual s subsistence requirement for a year . This is proved by archaeological finds from the area.
Around 2300 B.C. another new people, the so-catled Harappans came. They were city- dwellers; and no sooner they landed here than there ushered in a sort of urban revolution leading to the emergence of a complex society of specialized tradesmen, and skilled and unskilled workers. The newcomers, after a short while, involved into a process of social assimiltation - the city-dwelling Harappans belonging to the Dravida group of the anthropological type of the Southern Europoid Minor Race mixed-up with the old indigenous inhabitants and gave birth to a new ethnic community whom we can call the forbears of the Haryanavis. These people continued to live in the region peacefully with ample social security owing to their superior economy But sometime around the later half of the second millennium B.C. a new people using the Painted Gray Ware (PGW), the Aryans, arrived on the scene from the North- West and caused some stir. The population of the original settlers was sparse. Nor was the PGW immigration on a very large scale. And since quite extensive cultivable land was available, there was no clash between the two peoples. The archaeological explorations conducted here so far indicate that there are only very few sites where the settlements of both the Siswal- Harappans and PGW men are found; and there too. the evidence of clash or killing of one by the other is conspicuous by its absence. Conversely at one site - Bhagwanpura, even evidence of their living together in peace and harmony is met with. This negates the current theory that Aryans annihilated the original inhabitants or drove them out and occupied their places. At least in our region this did not happen. After sometime, however, a strange, phenomenon is witnessed. The Aryans, a simple folk, overshadowed the materially well-off, urbanized old settlers. How did they do this? In the present state of our knowledge, it is difficult to give an exact answer to this query However, the explanation provided by a Soviet scholar, Y.V. Gankovsky seems to be plausible. According to him, in the mid-second millennium B.C. a serious internal crisis, overtook the Northern region - including Haryana. This was owing to the whetting of social contradictions as a result of the expansion of slavery, debt, incongruity between the level of development or productive forces, and exploitation and probably authoritarianism on the part of the socio-political superstructure which crowned the edifice of the Siswal Harrapan civilization. This crisis seems ultimately to have resulted in the fall of these great people.
The Aryans were a dynamic people; they were liberal and assimilative. They were hard working and for sure had hardly any social contradictions in their life. As a result, they made rapid progress in every field of life. The development of productive-forces, e.g. the emergence of iron and iron tools, helped them a great deal to husband new uninhabited areas, improve irrigational cultivation and advance different kinds of handicraft and farming. Brahmavarta, the central abode of these people, became the cradle of the Indian civilization. Here the bulk of theVedic literature was composed; National values, norms and ideas were formed; and standards of behaviour and social intercourse were devised. The entire country looked up to the people of this region for guidance and followed them. Even Manu admits this in his celebrated Smriti.
In the later Vedic period, the region came to lose some of its pristine glory. The centre of Aryan activity shifted to the valley of the Ganga. But this situation lasted only for a short period. In the so-called epic age, the region again came to limelight. The Bharata War was fought here during the course of which the immortal message of Gita was delivered. Besides this, several other works were also composed here.
The decline of the Kurus after the Bharata War brought in many tribes in the region who mixed up with and became part and parcel of the original settlers. This mix-up gave the people singular breath and energy which made them sturdy agriculturists and cattle breeders and strong fighters .
On the political front a republican tribe, Mattamayurs, whom Nakula had vanquished in his digvijaya before the Bharata War gained supremacy in this period. The leader of this tribe around 320 B.C. was Chandragupta. In the post-Alexander period, this bellicose son of Mauryas carved out a mighty kingdom for himself and shifted his capital to Pataliputra. He and his successors gave good Government, but the life of the masses seems to have degenerated a great deal in this period. The varna system appears to have undergone radical changes. The principle of equality of man at the time of birth and acquisition of social status by dint of merit in later life was done away with. Brahmanas assumed great power and their injunctions became socio-religious authority which none could dare to defy Jainism and Buddhism which came to this region in the sixth century B.C. strove to effect some change in this situation. But owing to several factors which are outside the scope of this paper for discussion, the reforming orders achieved precious little and became almost an extinct force after some time.
After the fall of the Mauryas (187 B.C.), the Yaudheyas, a very powerful republican tribe of Rohtak and the Agras of Agroha formed independent kingdoms. A large number of Yaudheya coins have been found here from various sites. Agra coins are not so frequent, however. These heroic people fought with the foreign invaders like the Indo-Greeks, the Shakas and the Kushanas. They suffered defeat in the struggle but never gave up hope of recovering their lost freedom. Ultimately they triumphed. However, Samudra Gupta, the powerful king of the Guptas again subjugated them about A.D. 350. The Guptas1 hold over them continued until the death of the bellicose Skandagupta. Then the Hunas ransacked the country and chaos and confusion prevailed all around. Haryana, with other parts of Northern India, was thrown into a melting pot. But fortunately, at this juncture, a son of the soil, Harshavardhana of the Pushpabhuti dynasty elbowed his way to power (A.D. 606) and restored order not only in Haryana but in almost the whole of Northern India. This "good reign came to a close in A.D. 647 when Harsha died.
Once again there was chaos a nd confusion. Many powerful feudal chiefs came to fill the void. The Pratiharas and Tomaras got some success for a while, and so did the Chauhans who came after them. But the onslaught of the Turk and Afghan invaders from north-west broke their backbone.
In 1206 Qutbuddin Aibak sat on the throne of Delhi and laid the foundations of the Turkish rule in India. He, as also his successors, the so-called Sultans of Delhi belonging to different dynasties, in most of the cases, maltreated their subjects; they showed religious intolerance; and effected economic exploitation of the worst type. In consequence, the people became hostile to them, and whenever their haqumat showed any sign of weakness or disruption, the sturdy Meos, Ahirs, Rajputs, Gujars and Jats of Haryana rose in open rebellion against them. At the people s level, however, the two communities - Hindus and Muslims - lived in harmony.
In 1526 Babar occupied Haryana. He kept tight control over the region. But still the brave people of Haryana, especially the Mandhars of Kaithal region, rose against him and gave him trouble. His son Humayun was not destined to stay here for long; the Surs took advantage of the situation and ousted him. After some time the Surs1 fortunes also dwindled. Hemu, a Bhargava general of Rewari came on the scene for a while : he held charge of Delhi and Haryana until he lost them to Akbar in 1556. Akbar proved to be an enlightened monarch. He and his successors Indianized themselves, followed liberal policy, showed retigious tolerance and revised their revenue policy. In consequence, the people liked them. However, Aurangzeb who deviated from this path was opposed by them, especially by the Satnamis and the Jats. And same was the case during the later-Mughal times when a number of feudal lords appeared on the scene and subjected the people to severe exploitation. The weak haqims were not cared for by the brave people, especially the peasants in the region, as is attested by the following couplet.
In 1803, the British appeared on the scene. It is generally believed that except for a few persons whose material interests were directly affected, the general masses did not oppose the British rule (in their respective lands) in India; rather they welcomed it as heralding the dawn of peace, prosperity and security (R. C. Majumdar). This belief, at least in the case of Haryana, does not stand historical scrutiny : the people in this region, hundreds and thousands of them from every walk of life came forward to oppose the British when they came to occupy their land in 1803 with obstinate valour which has ever characterised them. A long-struggle went on. In 1809, however, they yielded in the face of great opposition on the part of the Birtish. But this does not mean that the foreign domination was accepted once for all by them : whenever and wherever the British hold seemed easier to break, the people did not lose chance and rose in revolt against them. The following revolts bear out this truth : Chhachhrauli Revolt of 1810 and 1818; Rania Revolt of 1818; Peasants Revolt, of 1824; Revolt of Prince Pratap Singh of Jind.
Balawali Revolt of 1835-36; Murder of William Fraser, 1835; Kaithal Revolt of 1843; Revolt of Ajit Singh of Ladwa, and other Sikh chiefs, 1845-46.
These revolts were not doubt suppressed by the British, but they seem to have achieved little success in crushing the spirit of the people. This is amply proved by the happenings of 1857: when the people got the news of the outbreak of the Uprising, they seized the opportunity with both hands and played a very significant role in the struggle. By June-July they had freed almost entire Haryana from the British hold. But as elsewhere, the Haryanvis failed in the struggle.
After the end of the Uprising although the famous proclamation of Queen Victoria (1859) announced better treatment to the people, yet the British Sahibs wreaked vengeance on the people of Haryana. Their region was tagged vengeance on the people of Haryana. Their region was tagged with Punjab vide the Government of India Notification No. 606 of 13 April, 1858 where they suffered punishment of the worst type for taking active part in the Uprising. As a result, they became poor and backward in every walk of life.
For many years there was no political activity in the region. The Wahabis raised their heads in 1860 s but they were also suppressed. The situation was so hopeless that even the new winds of change" which brought political awakening to most of the regions in India in the later part of the nineteenth century, especially after the foundation of the Indian National Congress (1885), had little effect here for quite some time. But in the succeeding century things improved. especially under the influence of the Arya Samaj which for several reasons, was very popular here. Thanks to the Samaj propaganda new ideas spread, and people began to inculcate in their hearts love of their country (Bharatmata). Some educated persons joined the Indian National Congress. Babu Murlidhar of Ambala was the most prominent among them. Murlidhar was one of the founders of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai lived in Hisar those days. He, too, played a big role in making Congress popular here.
After 1919 when the Congress, thanks to Gandhiji s dynamic leadership, started mass agitation and movement for Swaraj, the people of Haryana came out. stood under its flag and fought the British imperialism with confidence and converge. The struggle was long and tough, harsh and hurtful. But they did not mind suffering for a noble cause - freedom of their motherland. Their efforts as also of their counter parts living in other states, bore fruits and India got her freedom on 15 August 1947.
The people were mighty pleased. They thought and rightly of course, that their age-old dreams will be fulfilled now. But unfortunately, it did not happen. Being a part of Punjab, they suffered discrimination and neglect at the hands of their big brother . They raised their voice against injustice and demanded a separate state for themselves. As a result, the state of Haryana came into being on 1 November, 1966.
In their new world; the simple, bold, hardworking Haryanavis made strenuous effort at making good the inadequacies, absences and lacks for their life. In consequence, the state became one of the richest states in the country. There was all round development and per capita income increased manifold. The 1934 back region of yester years became an affluent forward-looking state - the state where action is.
That is material development. The cultural aspect of life has, regretably not progressed on desired lines. There are many reasons for this lack. But good quality education, healthy exposure, and such like things will, it is hoped, effect improvement here, too, before long.
K. C. Yadav
Formerly Proferssor of History,
Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak set up by an Act of Legislative Assembly of Haryana in the year 1976. The Univesity has been named after Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati. Statutory body of University Grants Commission (UGC), NAAC has accredited B++ grade to the university. The University has listed remarkable success in his expansion programmes, infrastructural developments and in academic excellence.
77 different academic programmes under various departments are being successfully conducted by the University. In addition to the main campus at Rohtak, University has two satellite campuses at Rewari and Gurgaon.
Around 1.70 lacs students have enrolled themselves with the university under different programmes. It has 126 affiliating institutions and colleges under its control.
University also runs Directorate of Distance Education with an enrolment of 4500 students under various professional and non professional courses.
Since the campus is huge and sprawling, there are a lot of facilities for the students such as a good library for different fields, and hospitals and residential buildings for students and members of the faculty.
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