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Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, Chandigarh
Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, Chandigarh
Chandigarh (District Chandigarh)
Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh is a recognised institute / college. Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh was established on / in 1963.
Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh is situated in Chandigarh of Chandigarh state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Chandigarh comes under Chandigarh Tehsil, Chandigarh District.
Fax # of Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh is 0172-540401.
Contact Person(s) of the Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh is (are): Dr. AK Gupta (Med. Supdt).
email ID(s) is
Website of Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh is http//pgimer.nic.in.
Registrar : Narwsh Virdi.
Contact Details of Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh are : Telephone: +91-172-541376, 2745062, 2747585
CoursesPost-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh runs course(s) in Medical stream(s).
Approval details: Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) is affiliated with Panjab University, Chandigarh (Chandigarh)
Images / newspaper cuttings related to Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)
Operation Theatre Asstt (Job Vacancy)
Committed to hiring on all direct posts, PGI (News)
PGI to host workshop on epidemiology (News)
Meet on biostatistics starts (News)
PGI bags third position in Chryanthemum show (News)
Supply of Patient bed side locker (Tender)
PGI cancels nurses recruitment exam (News)
PGI to hold fresh test for nurses, technicians (News)
PGI cancels nurses recruitment exam (News)
Fixing of MS Grills in new OPD (Tender)
PGI joins hands with Boston institute for cancer research (News)
PGI director gets contempt notice (News)
PGI institutes project to aid prostate cancer patients (News)
Up gradation of sports complex (Tender)
PGI doc who didn't return from UK on time to lose job soon (News)
PGI governing body to take action against 3 profs (News)
Purchase of 100 percent cotton (Tender)
Purchase of Dosuti Cloth white (Tender)
Asstt Professor for Hepatology (Job Vacancy)
PGI panel report finds the rot within (News)
Supply of Surgical items (Tender)
Supply of Surgical kit (Tender)
Allotment of Shops (Tender)
Supply of Grocery items (Tender)
Fake researcher at PGI (News)
Supply of Curd and Kheer items (Tender)
PGI uses spinal cord stiulation to relieve patient of severe pain (News)
PGI dept chosen as National measles lab (News)
Rheumatology meet at PGI (News)
Journal to retract PGI docs forged research paper (News)
Supply of Surgical items (Tender)
PGI doc awarded for advances in retinal anatomy (News)
Three colleagues had complained about PGI doc misdeeds (News)
PGI uses spinal cord stimulation to provide relief from unbearable pain (News)
PGI celebrate Silver Jubilee (News)
Supply of Surgical items (Tender)
PGI docs perform first robotic surgery (News)
Meet on quality inprovement in healthcare (News)
Administrative Officer (Job Vacancy)
PGI to celebrate silver jubilee of neonatology course (News)
PGO Doc awarded (News)
Former PGI doctor awarded (News)
PGI Prof Dr AV Aruns awarded (News)
City student bags 5th rank in PGI entrance exam (News)
PGI plans to start islet cell transplant for treatment of type I diabetes (News)
Maintenance of Pumps (Tender)
PGI organises environment awarenss activities (News)
Junior Engineer (Job Vacancy)
PGIMER to cut corners (News)
World Diabetes day celebrated (News)
Dr Virender Garg new OSD of PGI (News)
PGI organises session on insulin intake happy (News)
Investigator required (Job Vacancy)
Lapses during nurses exam, PGI trying to find a way out (News)
Senior Medical Officer (Job Vacancy)
PGI to get country first centre for rare endocrine disorders (News)
Senior Medical Officer (Job Vacancy)
PGI Scientist selected for Sardar Patel lifetime award (News)
PGI study offers glimmer of hope to Alzheimers patients (News)
Construction of Satellite centre (Tender)
PGI dept holds health camp (News)
Technical glitches at PGI exam leave candidates in lurch (News)
PGI organises Medical Camp (News)
Maintenance of Air Conditioning Plant (Tender)
Maintenance of Whitewashing and Painting works (Tender)
PGIMER doc partners pharma firm (News)
Conference at Neurology (News)
500 cases of neuro disorders reported (News)
Purchase of Bandage Cotton loose wove rolled (Tender)
Supply of Bandage Cotton Loose wove (Tender)
Purchase of Ride on Scrubber (Tender)
Challenges in HIV prevention, treatment discussed at PGI (News)
Annual Service Contract of Manifold Services (Tender)
PGI organises interactive session (News)
Annual Service Contract of Manifold Services (Tender)
National conference on sexually transmitted infections (News)
Meet on AIDS to begin at PGI today (News)
Berry memorial oration at PGIMER tomorrow (News)
Conference in Kawasaki disease (News)
PGI Docs develop techniques for anal cancer treatment (News)
PGIMER increases retirement age of nursing teachers to 65 (News)
38 PGI doctors awarded for innovative research work (News)
Asstt Professor for Nuclear Medicine (News)
Farewell Party held (News)
Professor and Asstt Professor (Job Vacancy)
Junior Technician and Operation Theatre Asstt (Job Vacancy)
Six doctors denied promotion at PGIMER (News)
Scientist based abroad to head Dr Chhuttani Chair (News)
Allotment of shops (Tender)
150 PGI docs promoted (News)
Nuances of plastic surgery discussed (News)
PGI doctor honoured for contribution to Public health (News)
Platic surgery meet at PGI tomorrow (News)
PGI doctor gets ISMOCD oration award (News)
Memorial event for PGIMER prof at national academy (News)
Training camp on non communicable diseases (News)
PGI organises International CME (News)
Annual maintenance of ACs (Tender)
Blood donation camp held (News)
Conference on Liver disease (News)
PGI to organise conference on management of liver diseases (News)
Conference on Management of Liver Disease (News)
Woman injured in Kailon dacoity dies (News)
Maintenance of Alarm system (Tender)
Sanitation work accuse PGI management of discrimination (News)
Doctors to wear black badges (News)
Annual AC Duct cleaning works (Tender)
PGI records 186 cases of scrub typhus in 3 months (News)
Supply of Hepa filters (Tender)
PGI inks pact with top health Institute (News)
Junior Engineer for Electrical Engineering (Job Vacancy)
Supply of plastic canes (Tender)
Inquiry against Sonia Vashist (Public Notice)
PGI doctor gets foreign currency grant on pain management (News)
Ophthalmic Technician (Job Vacancy)
MD and MS Programme (Admission Notice)
Teaching website launched (News)
PGI docs office AC catches fire (News)
Supply of Mitral Valvuloplastry Balloon (Tender)
Prestigious awards conferred (News)
Lower Division Clerk (Job Vacancy)
Prestigious FICCI healthcare awards conferred on PGIMER (News)
Conference on emergency radiology (News)
PGI faculty body condemns presidents statement (News)
Inquiry against Ms Baljit Kaur (Public Notice)
Cancer patient jumps to death (News)
PGI to conduct inquiry into fake research case (News)
Training on Oral Health (News)
PGI leaves 2 scientists in the lurch (News)
PGI to celebrate lefties day (News)
PGIMER planning modern hospital in Sarangpur (News)
Allotment of shops (Tender)
PGIMER provided 500 vials of anti snake venom (News)
PGI to observe organ donation day tomorrow (News)
PGI starts delivery of Biochemistry reports online (News)
PGI may close chemists shop offering 57 percent discount (News)
Lecture on changing pattern of infectious diseases (News)
Result announcement of Lower Division Clerk (Public Notice)
Jitna zyada kiraya, utni mehngi medicine (News)
Asstt Professor for Nephrology (Job Vacancy)
Allotment of shops (Tender)
Installation of Plant (Tender)
MD and MS course (Admission Notice)
Supply of Gauze Surgical Loose wove absorbent (Tender)
Junior Technician (Job Vacancy)
PGIMER celebrates 52nd Foundation day (News)
Foundation day tomorrow (News)
Asstt Professor for Dermatology (Job Vacancy)
Allotment of shops (Tender)
Operation Theatre Assistant and Junior Technician (Job Vacancy)
17 die at Chandigarh PGI everyday (News)
Tender changes (Corrigendum)
CAG unearths discrepancies in PGIMER (News)
Sale of milk products (Tender)
PGI bids farewell to 4 eminent professor (News)
Maintenance of Operation Theatre (Tender)
PGIMERs brain stroke helpline proves of no help (News)
BSc and MSc Nursing courses (Admission Notice)
Supply of Grocery items (Tender)
Supply of Hydraullic Troley (Tender)
Punjab taps MD, MS quota in PGI (News)
Supply of Hydraulic trolley (Tender)
Lower Division Clerk and Stenographers (Job Vacancy)
PGI doc gets best case award at seoul conference (News)
Hospital Architect (Job Vacancy)
Licensing out of Rotary Sarai (Tender)
PGI holds first meet of poor patient fund panel (News)
Allotment of shops (Tender)
Supply of Antenna system (Tender)
Augmentation of electrical power distribution pane (Tender)
Nursing Institute holds discussion on vector borne diseases (News)
Injection me mila pani dusra mangakar ki surgery (News)
Statistical Assistant (Job Vacancy)
Allotment of shops (Tender)
Purchase of Medicine for patients (Tender)
Supply of Gynae Envelop (Tender)
Supply of Electronic devices (Tender)
Renovation of Doctors Hostel (Tender)
Allotment of shops (Tender)
Eminent Norwegian scientist visits PGI (Job Vacancy)
Purchase of Medicine for patients (Tender)
Supply of Hepa Filters with aluminum anodzed frame (Tender)
Supply of Grocery items (Tender)
Fungal Infection spreading in PGI (News)
Auction of E waste items (Public Notice)
PGI doc awarded for research on clubfoot (News)
PGI to implement new traffic decongestion plan from Feb 1 (News)
Construction of Toilet blocks (Tender)
Supply of 3.0 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging system (Tender)
Epidemiology and biostatics workshop at PGI (News)
Supply of Medical Liquid oxygen (Tender)
Message of Doctors on pain in knee (News)
Contruction of Temporary OPD (Tender)
PGI prof elected dean of Indian college of Nuclear Medicine (News)
Construction of Temporary OPD (Tender)
Replacement of exit signage boards (Advertisement)
PGIMER chemist raises bar for suppliers (News)
Construction of temporary OPD (Tender)
Lower division clerks (Job Vacancy)
PGIMER to turn road into one way zone (News)
Supply of street light luminare (Tender)
Installation of Fire alarm system (Tender)
Paediatrics dept has most MD MS empty seats (News)
Medical entrance exam ends smoothly under tight security (News)
MD MS entrance exam at PGIMER today (News)
PGIMER get funds for Biochemistry labs (News)
Special arrangements for MD and MS examination (News)
Biochemistry Dept get grants for research (News)
Supply of Plastic bags and Syringes (Tender)
PGI team will check 84 Hospitals (News)
Administrative Officer on deputation basis (Job Vacancy)
PGI get 2nd best medical institute, says survey by the week (News)
Purchase of bay compactors (Tender)
Cotton belt battling pesticide exposure (News)
PGI plans to cut cost of ortho implants (News)
Cheaper treatment of Cancer now available in PGI (News)
Bakaya Bonus ke liye PGI ko legal notice ka reminder (News)
One seat left for Fellowship in Paediatric Radiology (Admission Notice)
Changes in tender (Corrigendum)
Purchase of Medicines (Tender)
Lower division clerk (Job Vacancy)
PGIMER ties up with PU (News)
Students threat near college campus (News)
Installation of two new skin clinic (News)
Prof Kusum Joshi and Prof Kunwar retired (News)
PhD Programme (Admission Notice)
Admission test date changed on SGPC request (News)
Outsourcing Photocopy work (Tender)
2nd annual research day celebrated (News)
Legacy of one who led by example (News)
Dr Kusum get Nursing Awrad (News)
Panel wants action against PGI HoD (News)
Workshop on Skull surgery at PGI (News)
PGI doctors cant suffer in Business Class (News)
Ganguly is the right choice, PGI Faculty (News)
Workshop on Law (News)
Nephrologist awarded for research work (News)
Book on health promotion released at PGI (News)
Dr Sonu Goyal and Jyotdeep Kaur awarded (News)
PGIMER faculty member gets NAMS 2013 award (News)
Consumer forum fines PGI Rs 10 lakh for negligence (News)
Controversy for post of Asstt Administrative Officer (News)
Ghutne tek rahe javano ko PGI de rahi zindagi (News)
100 resident doctors ne kiya shant pardarshan (News)
PGI organises public forum on organ donation (News)
No entry of patient if emergency hall full (News)
7 day waiting for Heart Operation (News)
Consumer forum directs PGIMER to pay penalty of Rs 10 lakh for medical negligence (News)
PGIs first heart transplant patient healthy (News)
PGI to float tender to rent out medical stores (News)
60 percent discount will be on medicine (News)
Makkar seeks action against PGI doctors (News)
Software dur karega rogiyo ki bhagambhag (News)
Tumor treatment soon available in PGI (News)
1st live performance in interventional cardiology (News)
Pb Govt dnt ready to give land for mini PGI (News)
PGI me Robot karega operation (News)
World breastfeeding week concludes (News)
PGI docs take foreign jobs for academic purpose (News)
Doctor ki research gum (News)
Doctor will tell about death through video conference (News)
Hepatitis jagrukta ko senkdo doctors ne ki walk (News)
PGIs sports injury expert Dr Dhillon honoured (News)
Mobile par hoga pagalpan ka ilaaj, SavitaMalhotra (News)
End of 3 days workshop (News)
Hepatitis C genes identified (News)
Auction for Laundry Equipments (Advertisement)
Ears noise stop by misoprostol (News)
4 months old child die with Artificial stanton by PGI (News)
Dr Jagat Ram ki Bangalore team ko mili trophy (News)
With Azad declaration, PGI set to get hospital engg institute (News)
PGI ke liye kanuni mamle sirdard (News)
Foundation day par 6 july ko PGI ayenge Dy President (News)
Chronic back pain se 20 min me chutkara (News)
Inquiry against Ms Sunita Devi (Public Notice)
Patient record will computerized (News)
Badal vallo PGI pasar lai zameen di peshkash (News)
Ab PGI ke paas hoga ITB ka bhi ilaaj (News)
J and K special status now recognised at PGI (News)
PGI Hostels me chal rahe AC (News)
Fangal Infection course start (News)
MD and MS Entrance exam from today (News)
Contact through Tally Medicine (News)
BSc in Radiotherapy (Admission Notice)
National award to Nurse of Chandigarh (News)
Perspectives in biophysics discusssed at PGI (News)
PGI treads with caution for MD Entrance Examination (News)
1 month baad bhi adhuri nakli stent mamla ki jaanch (News)
Maut ke baad kharch par mathapachi (News)
An unusual day at PGI (Profile)
PGI, UT officials on tenterhooks all day (News)
Ear can damage with mobile (News)
ICMR award to 8 doctors (News)
Prospectus fees Rs 1000 (News)
2 days Conference (News)
MDS in cardiology and Neurology etc (Admission Notice)
Excess work robs PGI docs of sleep, Studdy (News)
President for out of box reforms in health sector (News)
Rehdi chalate th, ab AIIMS me doctor (News)
PGI to take Glaucoma care to patients doorstep (News)
PGIMERs langurs draw more then contractual staff (News)
28th Annual convocation 2013 (Convocation)
50 acre zamin PGI nu ditti (News)
PGI ne saunpi parmanit jaanch report, antim behas 20 ko (News)
Centre nod to PGI centre (News)
Ab mariz khud hi hoga ghutno ke marz ki dava (News)
PGI me 2 divsiye karyashala ka samapan (News)
PGI nideshak ke dil me utha dard (News)
PGI mobile lab to examine suspected cases in Faridkot (News)
PGI me ayenge 200 alumni (News)
PGI invites tenders for bug busters (News)
Stung hard, PGI wants Candidates to travel light (News)
CBI now plans to confort beneficiaries with accused (News)
7 out of 10 beneficiaries record their statements (News)
CBI ne 7 Students se ki kadi puchtach (News)
PGI re exam on Dec 8 (News)
MD , MS ki parvesh priksha 8 ko (News)
Paper leak will deprive PGI of best brains of the country (News)
PGI Exam Racket, Upright Doctor Blew the Whistle (News)
CBI remand of 15 accused extended (News)
Taking no chances, PGI to hold MD MS re exam (News)
our son was at wrong place at wrong time (News)
Blood donation camp ayojit (News)
PGI cancels MD Entrance Exam (News)
Jo paper dene nahi aye unki bhi li jayegi janch padtal (News)
Key accused was also held for another leak (News)
4 days after paper leak, PGI director talks exam reform (News)
Key accused in MD exam rocket identified (News)
PGI paper leak case, Gang charged Rs 40L per candidate (News)
Entrance Test may be shelved (News)
PGI, Police in Blame game (News)
Kin meet PGI paper leak accused (News)
Doctor nahi 10 th Pass nikli Students (News)
PGI ko mili ophthalmic premier league trophy (News)
PGI team to study idea of satellite centre in Ferozepur, says MLA (News)
PGI ke employes ne nikala candle march (News)
PGI ki OPD 24 ko band rahegi (News)
PGI ne khoji kala ajar ki kaat (News)
PGI me 3 din se pda hai bache ka shav (News)
Date clash, AIIMS, PGI refuse to budge (News)
PGI de ISU wich infection da khatra, Report (News)
PGI ke daman par daag hi daag (News)
Harbhajan Singh ban sakte hai PGI ke brand Embessador (News)
Vivada te tarutiya de bavjud PGI sarvotam (News)
Civil Hospital banke reh gaya hai PGI, Dr Gupta (News)
PGI de visthar lai 1700 crores di jarurat (News)
Marija di sahilat lai banega New PGI (News)
Providing and laying pump house (Tender)
PGI me hogi neuro anesthesia ki study (News)
Chemist Shop and Shoppimg Complex etc (Tender)
Punjab biggest beneficiary pf PGIMER (News)
Specia; Recruitment drive for SC,ST and OBC (Job Vacancy)
Physician scientists needed to rev up medical research (News)
PGI ke 3 Doctors ka intifa (News)
PGI sleeps over fund for poor (News)
PGI me pakki naukri dilane ke naam par 4 lakh 85 hazar rupaye ki thagi (News)
Mata Nasib Kaur di mritak deh khoj karja lai P G I nu sounpi (News)
Department of Neurology and Department of Paediatrics etc (Job Vacancy)
Objectivity missing in marking assessment (News)
Canteen Nivedita Nursing Hostel (Tender)
PGI Directors appointment challenged (News)
Dr Yogesh Chawla bane PGI ke Director (News)
PGI ke nideshak bane Prof Yogesh Chawla (News)
PGI vikhe Thagga vallo duro aye mariza nal thaggea (News)
Office Chair Revolving Stool and Bed side Locker etc (Tender)
PGI ko Health Promoting Hospital banane ki koshish (News)
PGI ke Doctors ke ghar chori (News)
Cardiac Centre and Advanced Trauma Centre etc (Job Vacancy)
PGI di lady Doctor ne kiti khudkashi (News)
Confectionary Shop Juice and Soft Drink Bar etc (Tender)
Kimotherapy me laparvahi se masum ki mout (News)
Canteen Nivedita Nurses Hostel and Photostat Library etc (Tender)
CBI nabs PGI seats for sale scam kingpin (News)
Rasam Pagri Sh Ravinder Kumar Gupta (Bhog etc)
Obituary Sh Surinder Nath Gupta (Bhog etc)
Doctor ne liya bina entrance ke admission (News)
PGI de Dr Manoj Gupta de Flat wich agg laggi (News)
Allotment of Shop (Tender)
Gloves Glass Scrap and Fluid Plastic Bottle etc (Tender)
PGI Chandigarh me milti hai ichamrityu (News)
PGI House Costliest medicine Shop in India (News)
PGI shop fetches highest rent ever (News)
Entrance ki hogi videography zari (News)
CBI to hunt of impersonators (News)
Giraftar kitte PGI de Doctor 2 din de CBI remand te bheje (News)
Paise de doctor banna hai ta karvao advance booking (Profile)
Or bhi kai chikitsa Sansthao me hai Munna Bhai (News)
PGI wich dhokhe nal Dhakhla lain wale Two Doctors giriftar (News)
PGI wich chor Darwaje through Admission (News)
Purchase Officer (Job Vacancy)
Public Notice ()
Profile of Director Kewal Krishan Talwar (News)
BSc in Radiotherapy and Physical Therapies etc (Job Vacancy)
PGI ko mile 20 Professor (News)
Bid to Defraud PMO (News)
PGI Ko Lagg Sakte Hai Or Jhatke (News)
Crore ki Machine Kabar me (News)
Kidneys disappear after operation (News)
Jaanch tak chutti par jaye sharma (News)
Dr Gopalan most likely to be next PGI Dean (News)
Panel silent on punishment (News)
Nirikshan me suraksha khamiya ujagar (News)
Dr Ganguly appointed officiating PGI Director (News)
PGI facing financial crunch, Annual report (News)
Open your eyes PGI, too, offers Lasik surgery (News)
PGI ke researchers ko fix vetan ka prastav (News)
Farewell party to 40 students (News)
Tamiz se pesh ayenge PGI employees (News)
PGI ke khate me pehla patent (News)
Nakli salary slip par lia 4 lacs 20 hazar ka loan (News)
PGI has no room for burn victims (News)
PGI Institute: so near, yet so far (News)
PGI ne bhi kasi kamar (News)
Canada Institute gave Research to PGI (News)
Action against Ganguly (News)
PGI sends Sharma off on 3 month leave (News)
PGI chosen for quality assurance model (News)
PGI Director ki vitiye shakti bhadegi (News)
PGI governing body meet over post in dept of paediatrics (News)
PGI nurses narrate tale of humilation (News)
Survey me khul sakti hai PGI ki poul (News)
Patient changing name to trick funding agencies (News)
Medical Physicist (Job Vacancy)
Dr Yogesh Chawla is new PGI Director (News)
STD PCO Photostat and ATM etc (Tender)
Decoy candidates were used to leak PGIpaper (News)
Lips sealed, but they spoke (News)
Ans received within 15 mins of paper leak, CBI (News)
Double lens in 1 eye, PGI ne di roshni (News)
PGI par mantri ki tedhi nazar (News)
PGI doctor rues UTI apathy (News)
Na PGI computerise hua na 7 cr ka jurmana vasula (News)
Media coverage of Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh, Chandigarh
PGIMER wants its two doctors backFed up of asking the UT administration to send back Dr Raj Bahadur and Dr Vipin Koushal, the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) administration has decided to place the matter in front of its governing body.
Both doctors are employees of the PGI and are posted on deputation as director-principal and medical superintendent, respectively, at Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32 (GMCH-32) for years.
According to sources in the faculty of the PGI, the PGI administration will place the matter before its governing body, which will meet on April 28. The body is competent to initiate any disciplinary action against the faculty of the institute.
Sources said the governing body was likely to explore the possibilities of calling back both the officers and to take up the matter with the UT administration. The meeting will also mull whether to send the PGI officers on deputation to the UT administration in future.
In its decision in a meeting held on January 17, 2011, the PGI governing body had decided that any officer-doctor, who is sent on deputation to another department and governments shouldnt be given extension for more than two years.
Dr Raj Bahadur has been working as director-principal at GMCH-32 for four years and Dr Vipin Koushal as medical superintendent for three years.
The PGI directors in the past have written six letters to the UT administration to repatriate both the officers, but the UT administration refused to relieve them from their duties, saying they didnt have an alternative. The last such letter was written on March 14 last month.
Main accused in medical admission scam sent to CBI remandChandigarh: After evading arrest for about a year, the main accused in an inter-state recruitment racket of securing admissions in government and private medical colleges was nabbed and remanded in CBI custody till September 8.
Gaurav Shalin, the prime accused in the scam, was arrested here and produced before a local court which remanded him in CBI custody till September 8.
The accused carried out the racket under the garb of a Mumbai-based coaching centre and was evading arrest since September last year when CBI officials had picked up two doctors who were pursuing their post-graduation at Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), here.
The agency had booked Shalin and two doctors after it came to light that the duo had secured admission in the PG course in PGIMER on the basis of impersonation and manipulation.
CBI officials had said that the two obtained admission through the organised racket in which lakhs of rupees had to be paid for admissions in various private and government medical colleges.
Explaining the modus operandi, they said some brilliant students, who were part of the scam, appeared in the entrance examinations by impersonating the aspiring candidates and qualified in the same on behalf of the candidates.
The agency had earlier carried out searches at the premises of Gaurav Shalin in Mumbai to establish further links of the organised racket.
They said that Shalin s main areas of operation included Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Through his coaching centre, he used to offer help to the aspirants to secure admissions in MBBS and MD courses in various colleges in the country.
PGI admissions scam: Dr Patel denied bail pleaChandigarh: A CBI sessions court rejected the anticipatory bail plea of Dr Sameer Kumar Patel, the main accused in the PGI admission scam.
CBI advocate PK Dogra told media after the hearing that Justice Ritu Tagore ruled that the matter was very grave and the CBI was yet to interrogate the doctor. The court also said it was essential for the CBI to interrogate Patel. It must be noted that Dr Patel allegedly did not sit for his own exams but sent someone else to write the paper for him.
The entrance exams organised for MD and MS courses were hed in 2009. Gaurav Shalin took money from Dr Patel and sent someone to impersonate Patel for the entrance paper.
It must be noted that gaurav has already been denied bail. CBI had arrested two candidates in September 2010. Later, on inputs from the detained students, police framed charges against Gaurav in connection with the case.
Interrogations further revealed that apart from PGI, the racket was active in several other top medical colleges like CMC Ludhiana, NIMS Medical College Jaipur and AIIMs Delhi. Gaurav is still absconding.
PGI to start its academic session from July 16Chandigarh: Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGI) is all set and is going to start its academic session 2011-2012 from July 16.
The inauguration function will be held at 8 in the morning at Bhargava Auditorium. Dr Farukh E Udwadiya will be the guest of honour at the function.
During the ceremony, PGI staff will also be awarded for their meritorious service.
These days the college management is busy completing second counselling for its few courses. Huge demand was witnessed for courses such as Dermatology, ENT, Nuclear medicine and Radiodiagnosis. The seats in all these courses are already full.
Chandigarh listing heritage to prevent smugglingChandigarh: Heritage items dumped in dusty cobwebbed heaps in government offices in Chandigarh are now being carefully cleaned, numbered and restored. The administration wants to prevent their smuggling as the artefacts are fetching thousands of dollars at auctions abroad.
Senior administration officials say an inventory is being made to ensure that the items linked to the city s heritage since it was founded in the early 1950s are not lost again.
We have identified various heritage items at different places in Chandigarh and they will be preserved appropriately, Chandigarh s home-cum-tourism secretary Ram Niwas told.
A proper inventory will help us keep a tab on the artefacts and also help us stop any kind of smuggling of these items out of the city and the country, he added.
Reports in the last four-five years revealed that auction houses in European countries and in the US were selling heritage items from Chandigarh, especially those linked to its French founder-architect Le Corbusier and his team.
The administration became concerned about the city s heritage finding its way illegally to these auctions.
As far as possible, we will try to conserve the heritage items at the same places where we found them. But we will take the decision on their security depending on the circumstances and on the basis of experts guidance, Niwas said.
Scores of items like furniture, tapestry, drawings and other things, designed, made and used by Corbusier, his cousin Pierre Jeanneret and others associated with the founding and planning of Chandigarh, have been sold off in auction houses in Britain, the US and other countries in recent years.
A dining table sold off as junk by Punjab University fetched nearly $12,000 at an auction in Chicago, US, in April.
Even manhole covers in Chandigarh, having the sectoral map of the city on them, have been stolen in recent years and sold off in auction houses abroad. One manhole cover fetched $21,600 at an auction in 2007.
These manhole covers were designed by the founder-architects. An inventory on the remaining heritage manhole covers has also been made.
The union ministry of home affairs had recently directed the administration to preserve items related to Corbusier and his team and take pro-active steps to safeguard such articles.
Following this, the home secretary directed all heads of departments to ensure the preservation of heritage furniture, sketches and drawings, tapestry and other items linked to the city s founder-architect and his team.
Niwas said a three-member Chandigarh Heritage Inventory Committee, led by Chandigarh College of Architecture principal Pradeep Bhagat has identified enough heritage stock from 21 departments during its inventory. The inventory was done in government libraries, offices, educational institutions, Punjab and Haryana assembly complex and other institutions.
Most of the departments have prepared the inventory of items except for Punjab University, PGI (Post-graduate institute of medical education and research), PEC (Punjab Engineering College) and the Punjab and Haryana High Court, the official said.
The inventory committee has been asked to complete the work for the remaining departments and submit a report, he added.
The expert committee also highlighted the unique items noticed by it during its visit to government departments in recent months. These include a V-shaped wooden rack in the Central State Library in Sector 17.
T-Shirt Case: Clean chit to Dr. GaubaChandigarh: The Panjab University (PU) Syndicate on Monday gave a clean chit to Dr. Krishan Gauba, Director of university s dental college, who was accused of passing objectionable remarks on a girl wearing I Love You T-Shirt.
The Special Investigation Committee, after hearing all aspects, found all charges on Gauba fake following which he was acquitted of the charges.
More over, the syndicate also accepted Gauba s request to transfer him to the PGIMR. He will now resume office from Sunday at the PGIMR.
Notably, an enquiry was ordered against Gauba after intense protests by the university students who went on strike following the institute director s alleged remarks over a girl s t-shirt.
Three vehicles catches fire in PGI parkingChandigarh: Three vehicles caught fire at New Eye OPD parking of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGI) college.
The incident occurred at the time when Nepal President Dr Ram Baran Yadav was present inside the campus for the convocation ceremony.
The fire started around 2pm. At that time, convocation ceremony was going on in the college.
The incident occurred when sparking started in a motorcycle that was standing inside the parking area. Another motor cycle and Alto car also caught fire due to this.
Fire brigade was rushed to the spot and the blaze was controlled in fifteen minutes.
The fire was brought under control before other vehicles were damaged.
According to police, the incident occurred as motorcycle was getting repaired inside the parking.
330 students to get degree at PGI convocationChandigarh: Around 330 students of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGI) will be provided degrees at the 31st convocation of the college on Friday.
Union Health Minister Gulam Nabi Azad will award degrees to the students.Nepal President Ram Baran Yadav, an alumnus of PGI will be the chief guest at the function.
PGI Principle KK Talwar said, Yadav is an alumnus of the institute and was awarded a degree in internal medicine in1985.
Talwar said the students will be awarded medals at the ceremony.
Nepal president to inaugurate Trauma Centre at PGIChandigarh: Nepal President Dr Ram Baran Yadav will inaugurate the Trauma Centre at Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGI) in Chandigarh.
Yadav arrived in Kolkata, India on Thursday on a 10-day private-cum-official visit to the country. The Nepal president – who has attended PGI for his MD degree – will attend the convocation of PGI on February 4.
Chandigarh police has begun tightening security in view of the upcoming visit of Yadav. Yadav s son and daugher-in-law have also purused their MD degree from PGI.
Recruitment of more than 170 doctors at PGI beginsChandigarh: K K Talwar, the director of Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, announced on the occasion of Republic Day that the newly established Trauma Centre at the institute will start functioning from February this year.
He made this announcement in the programme after the national flag was unfurled at the institute on January 26.
He also said that the process to fill up the 127 vacancies to the post of doctors has been started. The recruitment of new doctors would result in availability of faster and better medical facility for the patients.
PGI likely to start MBBS courseChandigarh: Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGI) is likely to start MBBS course from the next session starting in August.
The academic committee, governing body and institutional body of the institute have decided to pass this proposal in a meeting to be held on January 17.
The meeting of governing and institutional body is going to be headed by Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad.
Till date, MBBS course is being run at the Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32.
PGI has adequate infrastructure such as lecture room, laboratory and faculty for running such a course.
Depressed, youth commits suicide at Sector-24 residenceA 19-year old youth committed suicide by hanging himself at his Sector-24 residence on Saturday. The deceased, Amit Kumar, was working as a waiter with a private catering company. The police have recovered a suicide note from him in which he had stated that nobody should be held responsible for his death.
In his suicide note, Amit also stated that he was mentally disturbed for some unknown reason. He was residing along with his family in the government quarters and his father Sukhbir Singh is a Class IV employee at the PGI. The deceased is survived by his parents and four siblings.
The police have initiated inquest proceedings in this regard. unknown reason. He was residing along with his family in the government quarters and his father Sukhbir Singh is a Class IV employee at the PGI. The deceased is survived by his parents and four siblings. The police have initiated inquest proceedings in this regard.
Around Town Man held after wifes suicideA woman, Seema, who attempted suicide at her Janata Colony house in Nayagaon near Chandigarh on Monday, succumbed at PGIMER late on Tuesday. Her father Jati Ram alleged in a complaint to the police that Seemas husband, Deepak, was having an extra-marital relationship, which forced her to consume a poisonous substance to end her life. He said that Deepak and his mother had driven Seema to take the extreme step. Deepak, a Class IV employee with PGIMER, was arrested on Wednesday while his mother Raj was also booked in the case on charges of abetment to suicide under Sections 306 and 109 of the IPC, informed Nayagaon SHO Lakhwinder Singh.
Ten-day training camp concludesOn concluding day of a 10-day workshop on Nosocomial Infections: Introduction, Cost effectiveness, Prevention and Control, a valedictory function was organised at the National Institute of Nursing Education, PGIMER, today. The workshop was sponsored by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi.
The aim of the workshop was to refresh and update the knowledge of nursing personnel about hospital acquired infections (HAN), the sources and routes of transmission, cost effectiveness, factors playing role in transmission of these infections, prevention and control of hospital acquired infections with special reference to nursing aspect.
PGI doc accused of molestation transferredChandigarh: THE senior resident doctor at PGI, who was accused of molesting the wife of a patient admitted in ICU on Tuesday, was on Wednesday transferred to the operation theatre of the Advanced Eye Centre. Even as officials said the change in roster was not unusual as duties keep shifting from time to time, the immediate change seems to be the fallout of the molestation charge levelled against Dr Vikas.
M-S J S CONSTRUCTION Vs POST GRADUATE INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL EDUCATION and RESC.W.P. No.2044 of 2009
IN THE HIGH COURT OF PUNJAB and HARYANA AT CHANDIGARH
Date of Decision : 22.06.2009
M/s J.S.Construction .....Petitioner
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and others .....Respondents
HON BLE MR.JUSTICE J.S.KHEHAR
HON BLE MR.JUSTICE UMA NATH SINGH.
Mr.Har Naresh Singh Gill, Advocate, for the petitioner.
Mr.Arun Palli, Senior Advocate with
Mr.Tushar Sharma, Advocate, for the respondents.
UMA NATH SINGH, J.
Writ petitioner M/s J.S. Construction has prayed for the issuance of (i) writ of certiorari for quashment of the order dated 21.1.2009 (Annexure P-3), rejecting his tender though it was the lowest of four bids, and (ii) writ of mandamus directing the respondents not to allot the tender to
any other firm during the pendency of this writ petition, with further direction to allow the petitioner to work in terms of his tender.
As per the averments in the writ petition, the petitionercompany is enlisted as a Class-II ontractor for civil works upto Rs.one crore. Vide the tender notice published in Hindustan Times on 17.9.2008 (Annexure P-2), the office of Hospital Engineer (Civil-II) of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (for short PGIMER ), invited tenders, and the petitioner-company submitted its tender on 26.9.2008 for the allotment of work of painting of internal walls in the circular area of Advance Paediatrics Centre (for short the APC ) . The estimated cost of work was Rs.6,14,844/-, and the time frame to complete it was within 4 months. Besides the petitioner-company, five other companies also submitted their tenders. Thus, in total, there were six tenderers, as follows:
i) M/s J.S.Construction;
ii)M/s Ganpathi Enterprises;
iv)M/s Vishwanath Rai;
v) M/s J.P.Construction;
vi)M/s Durga Enterprises.
However, out of them only four companies participated in the tender process, and on the opening of tenders, the petitioner company was found to be the lowest bidder. Thus, the Superintending Hospital Engineer (respondent No.3), called Mr.Jaspal Singh, the Proprietor of etitionercompany, for negotiation of rates on 23.12.2008. During the negotiation, the tender rate was further brought down to the extent of coming below the justification rate, as the petitioner-company wanted to work at the rates to be fixed by the respondents. However, as a shock and surprise, vide the letter
dated 21.1.2009, the tender of petitioner-company was rejected without giving any reason, despite knowing well that the company is already engaged in other civil works allotted by the Hospital Engineer, and that there was no complaint whatsoever pending or decided against the company.
One Mr.R.K.Verma, who was working as Hospital Engineer (Civil-II) on deputation was repatriated to his parent department on 20.1.2009, and in his place, one Mr.Prem Chandra was given the current duty charge on 21.1.2009, who while showing undue haste, rejected the tender of petitioner-company the same day i.e., 21.1.2009. This is also averred in the writ petition that on some earlier occasions, Mr.Jaspal Singh, the proprietor of petitioner-company, had exposed the incidents of corruption in the working of Engineering Wing of PGIMER. While the company was engaged on contractual job at the Advance Cardiac Centre, PGI, Chandigarh, one Mr.Sandeep Kumar, XEN (Civil-II), who was the incharge, demanded a bribe of Rs.30,000/-. Mr.Jaspal Singh showed his reluctance and inability to pay the amount, however, while being threatened to be stopped from working further if the said amount was not paid, and the contract would be cancelled by black-listing the company, Mr.Jaspal Singh approached the Superintendent of Police,C.B.I.,and submitted an application dated 9.5.2008 (Annexure P-4), which led to the trapping and apprehension of Mr.Sandeep Kumar, XEN, while accepting the bribe. Accordingly, the FIR dated 9.5.2008 (Annexure P-5) was registered under Section 7 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. The other occasion when Mr.Jaspal Singh had to approach the C.B.I., related to the allotment of tender for renovation of remaining toilets of various hostel blocks in PGI Campus, Chandigarh. The tender was opened on 23.5.2008 and the rate quoted by the company was found to be the lowest, but the work was not allotted to it.
Hence, Mr.Jaspal Singh visited the office of the Superintending Hospital Engineer and contacted Mr.Santosh Kataria, Circle Head Draftsman, to enquire about the work. Mr.Kataria demanded Rs.25,000/- to get the allotment cleared from SHE. He also told that he has to give Rs.15,000/- to
SHE and keep the remaining amount of Rs.10,000/- for himself. It appears that payment of bribe amount was made a condition precedent for allotment of work. However, when Mr.Jaspal Singh requested Mr.Kataria to get his allotment letter cleared, on 26.11.2008, the later got the allotment letter for work issued. But, Mr. Kataria still persisted with the demand of Rs.25,000/- and asked Mr.Jaspal Singh to deliver the amount the next day evening, i.e. 27.11.2008 in his office. Hence. Mr. Jaspal Singh again approached the Superintendent of Police, CBI, and submitted an application dated 27.11.2008 (Annexure P-6), leading to the trapping of Circle Head Draftsman while accepting the bribe. Thus, another FIR dated 27.11.2008 (Annexure P-7), was registered under Section 7 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, on the complaint of Mr.Jaspal Singh.
In the above background, the petitioner-company has alleged that its tender was arbitrarily rejected by Mr.Prem Chandra, Hospital Engineer, on 21.1.2009, the day he had assumed the charge. This is also alleged on behalf of the petitioner-company that the respondents (No.2 to 4),
namely Deputy Director (Administration); Superintending Hospital Engineer, and Hospital Engineer, having connived with each other, have rejected the tender of the petitioner-company.
According to the petitionercompany, there were similar other complaints of corruption in the PGIMER, in as much as vide Annexure P-8, the employees union had also highlighted the complaint of corruption in the institute. This is also an averment on behalf of the petitioner-company that the company is ready to work even at a further lower rate than the one already fixed by the department. According to the petitioner-company, it was the lowest bidder and in rejecting its tender vide letter dated 21.1.2009, the authorities have acted arbitrarily and in an unfair manner which would only demonstrate a malafide exercise of powers. Thus, the petitioner company has prayed that the order dated 21.1.2009 (Annexure P-3) be set-aside.
On the other hand, the respondents in their reply to the writ petition have averred that there was no binding relationship in law between the petitioner-company and the respondents in the form of a concluded contract, as defined in the Indian Contract Act, 1872. It is also submitted that the petitioner-company had just made the offers, one by submitting the tender documents, and the other by way of its letter dated 23.12.2008 while reducing its rate below the earlier offer, and since the respondents did not accept the offers so made, there is no concluded and existing contract between the petitioner-company and the respondents. While controverting the averments made in the writ petition, this is mentioned that the Director, PGIMER, Chandigarh had visited the APC on 28.7.2007, and having observed that the walls and main hall at the entrance of the APC building give a very dull look, had directed the same to be got painted to give a bright and pleasant look. The department of Hospital Engineering and Planning took up the job and calculated the estimated cost at Rs.6,14,844/- on the basis of collective analysis of DSR-2007 (Delhi Schedule of Rates- 2007). This is also submitted in the reply that pursuant to the aforesaid
exercise, tenders were invited through advertisement vide Annexure P-2 and in response thereto, in total six companies, including the petitioner had submitted their tender documents, and out of them, only four had participated and offered their rates. On the opening of tenders, and preparation of comparative statement, the rate quoted by the petitionercompany at Rs.27,46,042/- was found to be the lowest amongst all the bids made by the participating tenderers. Thereafter, vide the letter dated 23.12.2008, after negotiation, the petitioner-company reduced its rate to
Rs.26,73,257/- as the justified cost. However, the justified cost was also found to be 346.62% higher than the estimated cost. As the final tender amount after negotiation was found to be beyond 10% of the sanctioned amount, it was sent to the competent authority for a revised administrative approval/expenditure sanction, and a Committee of the Institute constituted to carry out the task of prioritization of various scheme works, desired that the whole scheme should be discussed with the Principal of College of Arts and work should be planned after taking their view so that modern concepts can be applied for the APC building. In this background, it was decided that the present tender be scrapped by the Hospital Engineer (Civil-II). The recommendation of the committee was approved by the competent authority and the decision was conveyed to the petitioner-company vide the letter dated 21.1.2009 (Annexure P-3).
With regard to allegations that two criminal cases were registered on the applications of Mr.Jaspal Singh, the proprietor of petitioner-company, the respondents have averred in their reply that the
petitioner-company always has been pressurizing the official respondents to accept its tender, and the allegations levelled by the petitioner-company are totally false and frivolous, which have been levelled just in order to harass the official respondents and to cause injury and harm to their reputation.
Thus, the respondents have prayed for the dismissal of this writ petition while maintaining that it is totally misconceived.
The petitioner-company has also filed a replication to the reply, and reiterated the stand taken in the writ petition.
We have heard learned counsel for the parties and perused the rival submissions.
Learned counsel for the petitioner-company has reiterated the averments made in the writ petition by contending that since Mr.Jaspal Singh, the Proprietor of petitioner company, had exposed two incidents of demand of bribe by the Engineering Wing of the Institute, therefore, the tender of petitioner-company was rejected, even though it was the lowest bidder. This is also a submission that the act of the respondents in rejecting the lowest bid of the petitioner-company, was arbitrary and just designed to show undue favours to some other company. This is a further submission of
learned counsel that the respondents want to keep the petitioner-company out of business even without following the rules of natural justice. On 21.1.2009, the day Mr. Prem Chandra joined as Hospital Engineer after repatriation of Mr.R.K.Verma to his parent department on 20.1.2009, in an undue haste, he rejected the tender of the petitioner-company. This has created a doubt about the bonafide of the officer. Learned counsel referred to the notice inviting tender (Annexure P-2), to show the rate quoted for the painting of internal walls in the circular area of Advance Paediatric Centre (APC) at PGI, as:
Sr.No. Description Approx. Cost of Earnest Time cost tender money limit form
3. Painting of internal walls 6,14,844.00 500.00 12,297.00 04 in circular area of APC months at PGI, Chandigarh.
Learned counsel emphatically argued that despite the fact that the tender of the petitioner-company was below the justified rate, and the company was ready to work at any reasonable rate to be fixed by the respondents, its tender was not approved and the earnest money was refunded without giving any reason. This is also a submission of learned counsel that there is no complaint whatsoever against the company, and it has been doing the civil works allotted by the hospital administration from time to time.
Learned counsel for the petitioner, to fortify his submission, placed reliance on a judgment of the Apex Court reported in 1995 (4) RSJ 700 (LIC of India and another versus Consumer Education and Research Centre and others), to argue that the State action in contractual field must be just, fair, and reasonable in consonance with constitutional conscience and socio economic justice. In the said judgment, this has been clearly held that the contract of the Government or its instrumentality with private persons would be open to judicial review if unreasonable, unfair or irrational, Learned counsel also cited a Division Bench judgment of this Court, reported in 1994 (3) R.R.R.727 (The New Kotkapura Truck Operators Union versus Food Corporation of India), to submit that the tender of the petitioner-company could have been accepted after further negotiation. In the case under reference, as per tender notice, sealed tenders were invited for transport of foodgrains. Out of three tenderers, two withdrew their tenders and only one tenderer was left in field. The Corporation called for negotiation and after negotiation, the tender of sole tenderer, who remained in the fray, was approved. Acceptance of such a tender was held to be valid, and the High Court refused to interfere in the writ petition.
Learned counsel for the respondents also reiterated the averments made in the reply, in his contentions to counter the submissions of learned counsel for the petitioner. Learned counsel in his arguments highlighted that the petitioner-company wants to pressurise the Institute by dragging it in to unnecessary litigation, as that is also obvious from the fact that the petitioner-company has filed a Criminal Misc. No.CRM-M-5063 of 2009 (Jaspal Singh versus UT Administration and others) seeking directions to the Superintendent of Police, CBI, to investigate the complaint dated 23.1.2009 made by him. Giving the background as to how the tender in question was floated, learned counsel referred to the request made by the Joint Medical Superintendent, Advance Paediatric Centre (APC), vide his letter dated 31.7.2007, to the Superintending Hospital Engineer of the Institute as under:
It is to inform you that Hon ble Director, PGIMER, Chandigarh, visited Advanced Paediatric Centre, on 28.07.07 at 5.30 pm. It was observed that the main hall after entrance into APC and the walls of the floors give a very dull look. It has been desired by Hon ble DPGI thatC.W.P. No.2044 of 2009 10 the walls be painted on the pattern of Advanced Eye Centre.
It is, therefore, requested that the walls on all the floors of Advanced Paediatric Centre be pleased painted to give a bright and pleasant look of APC.
According to learned counsel, the entire exercise of inviting tenders was done in pursuance of the aforesaid communication. Initially, the estimated cost was calculated to be Rs.6,14,844/-, which was worked out on the basis of collective analysis of DSR-2007 (Delhi Schedule of Rates- 2007) for the scheduled items and the prevailing market rates for the nonscheduled items.
Thereafter, it was finally worked out to Rs.8,20,000/- by adding the cost index on scheduled items to the amount of estimated cost.
In the present case, the cost index on the cost of the scheduled items was 46.99% which was included in the total estimated cost of Rs.6,14,844/- and, thus, the final figure was arrived at Rs.8,20,000/- by adding Rs.2,03,262/- (46.99% cost index upon the cost of scheduled items), to the estimated cost of Rs.6,14,844/-. Hence, the sanction of the competent authority was obtained only for Rs.8,20,000/-. Thus, vide the letter of Hospital Engineer (C-II) No.2933-45 dated 16.9.2008, tenders were invited through leading newspapers. The date for receiving applications was fixed on 22.9.2008, and for issuing the tenders on 24.9.2008. Tenders were to be submitted till 3.00 pm, on 26.9.2008, and were to be opened at 3.30 pm, the same day. In response to the said advertisement dated 17.9.2008 (Annexure P-2), in total 8 agencies applied for the issuance of tender on 22.9.2008, and after the scrutiny of applications, the tender documents were issued only to 6 agencies including the petitioner-company, on 24.9.2008. Out of 6 agencies, only 4 agencies offered their rates/tender documents on 26.9.2008 at 3.00 pm, and the tenders were opened on the same day at 3.30 pm by the Tender Opening Committee. After the opening of tenders, a comparative statement was prepared and the rate of petitioner-company quoted at Rs.27,46,042/-,
was found to be the lowest amongst the 4 tenderers. However, this rate was found to be 346.62% higher than the estimated cost of Rs.6,14,844/-. As per the procedure followed by the PGIMER, Chandigarh, after the tenders were opened, justified cost was calculated purely on the basis of prevailing market rates, which came out to be Rs.26,73,541/- as against the sanctioned amount of Rs.8,20,000/-. Thus, the rate quoted by the petitioner company was much higher as compared to the estimated cost, and the sanctioned amount. Hence, the petitioner company was called for negotiations. Finally, the petitioner company vide the letter dated 23.12.2008 reduced the rate to
Rs.26,73,257/-, which was only 0.01% below the justified cost of Rs.26,73,541/-. As per clause 19.4.1-1 (IV) of the Central Public Works Department Manual (CPWD Manual), if the tender liability is more than 10% of the sanctioned cost, a revised expenditure sanction of the competent
authority would be required. The said clause on reproduction reads as: 19.4.1 Conditions to be fulfilled before inviting/accepting tenders
( 1 ) The officers of CPWD shall invite/accept tenders only after the following conditions are fulfilled:
( iv ) When the tender involves liability exceeding the expenditure sanction for the work by an amount greater than 10%, such excess will require a revised expenditure sanction.
This should be applied for as soon as such an expense is foreseen. In the case of road works under administrative control of MOT, Department of Surface Transport (Roads Wing), an excess upto 15% of the sanctioned amount or Rs.1 crore, whichever is less, is permissible.
Thus, as the final tender amount of petitioner company was in excess beyond 10% of the sanctioned amount of Rs.8,20,000/-, it was sent to the competent authority (Director, PGI), for a revised administrative approval/expenditure sanction. It would be pertinent to mention that the quotation submitted by the petitioner on measurements taken in feet, was according to the learned counsel for the respondents in consequential because conversion of the rate from feet to meters would not have rendered the contract invalid.
Learned counsel for the respondents during the course of hearing, has placed reliance on various judgments of the Apex Court and the High Courts in support of his contentions. He referred to a judgment of the Apex Court reported in (1982) 2 Supreme Court Cases 365 (State of Uttar Pradesh and others versus Vijay Bahadur Singh and others), to argue that the Government is not always bound to accept the bid, and can also cancel the entire auction for good and sufficient reason. Learned counsel also referred to another judgment of the Apex Court, reported in (2006) 1
Supreme Court Cases 751 (Dresser Rand S.A. versus Bindal Agro Chem Ltd., and another), to contend that by the act of reaching an agreement as to terms subject to which a purchase will be made, is not entering into an agreement to purchase or a contract. Invitations of bid by themselves are neither agreements nor contracts. Process of bidding or submission of tenders would result in a contract only when a bid or offer is made by a prospective party, and such bid or offer is accepted by the first party which had invited the bid or offer. Mere acceptance by the first party of modifications to its standard form offer i.e., its General Conditions of Purchase , as suggested by the other party, does not lead to the conclusion of a contract or purchase order. Such acceptance of modifications to its General Conditions of Purchase would merely finalize the General Conditions which would be applicable if and when the first party decided to place a purchase order with the supplier. By citing yet another judgment of the Apex Court, reported in (2007) 1 Supreme Court Cases 477 (Rajasthan Housing Board and another versus G.S.Investments and another), learned counsel argued that even if some defect is found in the ultimate decision resulting in cancellation of the auction, the Court should exercise its discretionary power under Article 226 with great care and caution and should exercise it only in furtherance of public interest. Learned counsel while placing reliance on a judgment of Orissa High Court reported in AIR 1990 ORISSA 26 (Executive Engineer, Sundargarh R and B Division and others versus Mohan Prasad Sahu), argued that an advertisement calling for tenders is not a proposal, and rather, the submission of tender is only in the nature of offer, which unless accepted, would not amount to a concluded contract. Learned counsel also cited a Division Bench judgment of Gujarat High Court, reported in AIR 1981 GUJARAT 117 (Prabhudasbhai Bhikhabhai Patel versus State of Gujarat and others), to contend that the High Court is not to sit in appeal against the administrative decision to award or not to award a contract and substitute its own decision for the decision taken by the State Government. The decision to award contract can
be quashed and set-aside provided it is established that the decision is arbitrary and discriminatory, so as to attract Article 14 of the Constitution.
Merely because the lowest bid is not accepted, it cannot be said that the decision is rendered arbitrary. Learned counsel also cited a judgment of Manipur High Court, reported in AIR 1962 MANIPUR 47 (Nameirakpam Pishak Singh versus Forest Officer, Manipur Forest Department and others), to urge that a tender notice means only an invitation extended to the contractors for making offers and it does not amount to an offer or proposal and the quotation of rates offered by the contractor does not amount to an acceptance of offer or proposal, thereby creating any promise or agreement.
It is by the acceptance of any of those offers or proposals by the person calling for tenders that it becomes promise or an agreement. Mere fact that a person made certain quotations in response to the tender notice even granting that it was the lowest quotation, will not in any manner, create an
obligation on the person who issued the tender notice. There is no duty cast on such a person to accept any of the tenders or quotations or even the lowest bid made in response to the tender notice.
Learned counsel for the respondents also referred to a judgment of this High Court reported in The Punjab Law Reporter Vol.CX-(1995-2) 467 (Haryana Financial Corporation and another versus M/s Bhagat Foods Private Limited and another), to argue that merely by giving a bid, the
bidder does not acquire a vested right, and there is no completed contract until the bid is accepted.
On a careful consideration of rival submissions, we notice that this is now settled by the judgment of Apex Court (supra), cited by learned counsel for the petitioner, that a contract between the Government or its instrumentality with private persons would be open to judicial review if found to be unreasonable, unfair or irrational. We also notice that a contract or an auction can be cancelled only for a good and sufficient reason.
Besides, this is also evident that a tender can be accepted after further negotiation between the parties. In these premises, if we examine the case in our hand, we find a considerable force in the submission made on behalf of the petitioner-company, as noticed herein above. Indisputably, the
petitioner-company was the lowest bidder; the rate given by the company was initially more than the justified rate, which was successfully brought down after negotiation, and the petitioner-company is ready to work at a rate to be fixed by the respondents. We also notice that the petitioner-company has been given other contracts of civil works by the Institute, and there is no
complaint whatsoever to cause any dissatisfaction to the respondents. This is evident from the facts narration that the consultation with the Principal of Arts College was done only in the month March, 2009, after the rejection of tender on 21.1.2009 and filing of this writ petition. It would have been appropriate on the part of the respondents to have consulted the Principal of Arts College before taking a decision to reject the tender of the petitioner which was admittedly the lowest bid. We also notice that Mr.Jaspal Singh, the sole proprietor of petitioner-company had lodged two complaints against the demand of bribe by officers of the Engineering Wing of the Institute and pursuant thereto, two FIRs had been registered under Section 7 of the Prevention of Corruption Act. This also appears that the respondents wanted a favourable statement from Mr.Jaspal Singh in those CBI cases before granting the acceptance of his tender. Besides, the rate quoted by the petitioner-company was per square meter, whereas, the justified cost was calculated by the respondents on the basis of per square feet. Thus, the justified rate if calculated on the basis of per square feet by the respondents would have gone 11 times higher than the rate quoted by the petitionercompany. In its replication, the petitioner-company has averred as:
....That the averments made in sub-paras (d and e) of para 4, it is stated that the amount of Rs.27,46,042/-, as quoted by the petitioner, was 346.62% was not higher than estimated cost.
Rather, respondents have miscalculated the amount. The amount given by the petitioner was as per square meters. When the justified cost was assessed by the department, they found mistake
qua the measurement i.e., rather than in square meters, it was to be shown/published as square feet. This affected 11 times, the rate quoted by the respondents. Keeping in view the above facts, the petitioner quoted the rate in square meter, which is not at higher side.
For further clarification, one square meter is equal to 10.76 square feet. The rate given for the construction is Rs.3100/- per square meter. The justified case made by the department for the same item is Rs.3204 square meter which comes to Rs.26,73,541/-., i.e. total cost. The rates quoted by the petitioner come to Rs.27,46,042/-. The negotiation were held on 23.12.2008 and petitioner was asked to reduce the rate. Thus, it was agreed by the petitioner to reduce the rate by .01% below the justified cost of Rs.26,73,541/-. Thus, final amount of petitioner comes to Rs.27,73,257/-. So, Rs.7250/- was reduced by the petitioner.
Therefore, the rate of construction given by the petitioner was not at higher side, i.e. 346.62%. Rather, the same was miscalculated by the respondents......
There is no dispute that the impugned order of rejection of bid by the PGIMER, an instrumentality of the State, is subject to judicial review as it suffers from unreasonableness and arbitrariness. The tender of petitioner-company was rejected in a background of complaints made by Mr.Jaspal Singh, the proprietor of the company, with the CBI against the demand of bribe by the Engineering Wing of PGIMER by one Prem Chandra, who joined the post of Hospital Engineer on 21.1.2009 and the same day, without proper application of mind and knowing the background,
rejected the tender of the petitioner-company. This is unreasonable also for the reason that the petitioner s bid was the lowest and there was no complaint whatsoever against the working of the company which has already been given some other contracts of civil works by the PGIMER.
Even vide Annexure R-1, on 1.4.2009, some more work was allotted to the petitioner-firm by the respondents after the rejection of tender in question.
Besides, the petitioner-company is also ready to work at a rate to be fixed by the respondents. The plea of the Institute that a Committee headed by the Director, had decided to consult the Principal, Arts College, also does not find favour with us. In fact, it seems to us to be an after thought at the hands of the respondents so as to defeat the claim of the petitioner. In order to substantiate the instant plea, learned counsel for the respondents has placed reliance on Annexure R-1 appended to the written statement, which is a communication dated 31.7.2007, addressed by the Joint Medical
Superintendent, Advance Paediatric Centre of the PGI, to the Superintendent Hospital Engineer, which is being extracted hereunder:
Joint Medical Superintendent,
Advance Paediatric Centre,
Superintendent Hospital Engineer,
Regarding painting of internal walls of APC on the pattern of Advanced eye centre.
It is to inform you that Hon ble Director, PGIMER, Chandigarh visited Advanced Paediatric Centre, on 28.7.2007 at 5.30 p.m. It was observed that the main hall after entrance into APC and the walls of the floors give a very dull look. It has been desired by Hon ble DPGI that the walls be painted on the pattern of Advanced Eye Centre.
It is, therefore, requested that the walls on all the floors of Advanced Paediatric Centre be please painted to give a bright and pleasant look of APC.
An early action is requested please.
Joint Medical Superintendent,
Advance Paediatric Centre,
The tender in question was floated on 17.9.2008, whereas, the communication relied upon is dated 31.7.2007. All the deliberations which ought to have been conducted on the basis of the aforesaid communication must have essentially culminated before issuance of the aforesaid tender notice.
Additionally, it would be pertinent to mention that the Principal of Arts College was consulted in March, 2009 i.e. well after the rejection of the contract issued in favour of the petitioner on 12.1.2009. It is this plea at the hands of the respondents which lead us to conclude that the action at the hands of the respondents to cancel the contract issued in favour of the petitioner, was unreasonable, unfair and after thought.
In view of all the aforesaid, we quash the rejection order dated 21.1.2009 (Annexure P-3), and allow this writ petition without costs, with a direction to the respondents to fix the justified rate after making proper calculation and further negotiation, if any, although admittedly the tender of
the petitioner-company is the lowest of four bids submitted by the participating tenderers.
(UMA NATH SINGH)
HUKAM CHAND Vs THE POST GRADUATE INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL EDUCATION A Civil Writ Petition 18041 of 2001
Cyber crime: PGI heads email hackedCHANDIGARH: After Panjab University s former vice-chancellor K N Pathak became a victim of email hacking, PGI director and Padmashree K K Talwar has been similarly targeted by cyber criminals.
In both cases, the content and message centres were the same. An email generated in Nigeria, using Talwar’s email ID said he was in Nigeria and in dire need of money.
Cops said the mail was sent to those on Talwar s friends list and the crime came to light when a friend from the US called up Talwar s home. "I immediately went to check my email and discovered that the password had been changed," said Talwar.
A fortnight ago, a similar case was registered by Pathak with the police but was withdrawn because the former V-C reportedly didn t want to pursue the case.
Revealing that Talwar s password was alpha-numeric and consisted special characters, SI Hardit Singh of cyber cell said, "We have asked the website s legal department to give details along with IP address of the user s ID."
Cyber cell officials warn people against giving out username and password on any website. "Change the password at regular intervals. Moreover, try and have an alpha numeric password along with special characters," suggest officials.
As part of the damage control exercise, an official communication from PGI said, "A fictitious mail has been sent to all addressees in Dr K K Talwar s inbox.... Whosoever has received such a mail from this email ID should ignore it."
Ordinance on AIIMS unlikelyAn ordinance to fix the term of director of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) is unlikely to be issued as the bill to this effect would be taken up for passage in the upcoming winter session of Parliament.
Since the AIIMS and the Post-graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research bill is lying before Parliament, it will be the first item of the session to be taken up for passage, information and broadcasting minister P R Dasmunsi told reporters here.
Reports said that health minister A Ramadoss, who is at loggerheads with current AIIMS director P Venugopal, was planning to move a draft ordinance to fix the term. This could have affected the tenure of Venugopal.
The bill seeks to fix the term of the director for five years from the day he or she assumes office or till he/she attains the age of 65, whichever is earlier.
Shekhawat seeks affordable healthcare for allCalling upon doctors to bridge the glaring rural-urban divide in health infrastructure, the Vice-President of India, Mr Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, asked them to put in place affordable basic healthcare system for all citizens, including 26 per cent of the population living below poverty line.
He was speaking at the 27th annual convocation held at the Bhargava Auditorium, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, here today. Mr Shekhawat added that the disparities of limited access of sub-standard healthcare for poor and excellent healthcare for the affluent were further aggravated by rising cost of medicine and "beyond the reach cost of treatment for general public in private treatment."
"The key to an affordable and reliable public healthcare system lies in intelligent integration of all systems of medicine, including Unani, Homoeopathy and Ayurveda combined with yoga," be maintained.
Stating that teaching and research should be guided by principles of relevance" and "quality", the Vice-President urged the PGI faculty to focus attention on diseases like TB, malaria and diarrhoea which afflicted the common man in undeveloped areas.
Addressing doctors who were awarded their degrees, Mr Shekhawat asked them to be good human beings.
"It is the humane qualities of care, compassion and understanding that makes the class of doctors so very noble and dignified," he maintained while prompting them to adopt the policy of "Antyodaya Drishti —focussing one s attention first on the last man in the queue" to enable healthcare availability to all.
" These were the opening remarks of the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr Anbumani Ramadoss, also the President of the PGIMER.
While he too recommended doctors to go out in rural India with healthcare facilities, he added that the Manmohan Singh government was committed to improving infant mortality and maternal mortality. "The concept of we — the government and you — can save millions of lives," he said.
Speaking about "social concept" entering the curriculum to make it more practical, Dr Ramadoss said they were looking at a more rural and social curriculum.
Referring to the PGI as a world class health institute, he said the ministry was keen on setting up a 100-bedded cancer hospital and going on to have separate units for maternity and cardiology as well on the lines of the Advanced Eye Care Centre inaugurated today.
Stating that the world was moving from communicable to non-communicable diseases, Dr Ramadoss said mental health, cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were occupying centrestage. The Union Minister also hinted at launching of an institute for imparting training of health engineering and architecture.
Earlier, the Director, PGI, Prof KK Talwar, highlighted the achievements of the faculty in the past year. He stated that several new specialised centres at the PGI were on the anvil.
As many as 195 students were awarded degrees and 35 students were awarded medals for meritorious performance.
The Major Amir Chand Gold Medal for the best clinical research work was awarded to Dr Shailender Mehta and Mr Pramod Kumar Avti. The R. Nath Gold Medal for the best bio-medical research was awarded to Dr Naresh Sachdeva.
The Aikat Memorial Gold Medal for students in the BSc/MLT disciplines was awarded to Mr Varun Uppal. The V.K. Saini Memorial Gold Medal was awarded to Dr Tarvinder Pal Singh. Apart from the above, silver and bronze medals were awarded in various disciplines.
PGI to set up burns unitThe Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, plans to set up a stem cell research centre.
Besides the PGI, Chandigarh, the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi and Christian Medical College, Vellore, are taking a keen interest in developing stem cell research. PGI’s vision is in tune with the Union Health Minister, Mr Anbumani Ramadoss’ plans of propagating stem cell research.
Addressing scientists at the ICMR awards function here, Mr Ramadoss said the ministry was hosting an international conference on stem cell research in Mumbai in September.
PGI Director and Head of the Department of Cardiology, Professor K.K. Talwar who was here on Tuesday to receive the Indian Council of Medical Research Basanti Devi Amir Chand Prize for 2003 for his work on ‘Utility of endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) in tropical heart muscle diseases’ told TNS that the institute would soon set up a stem cell research centre. “We also plan to set up a burns unit and a regional cancer centre as well,” Professor Talwar said.
Dr Neelam Marwaha, Head of the Department of Blood Transfusion, PGI, told TNS that the Director has called a meeting to discuss plans for the stem cell research project. The Director-General of the Indian Council of Medical Research, Dr N.K. Ganguly, would be present at the meeting besides heads of various departments as Obstetrics, Endocrinology, Hepatology, Orthopaedics, Haematology, Cardiology and Neurology.’’
Dr Marwaha said India is at the threshold of developing stem cell therapy.
“Stem cell application is very wide. Stem cells have shown a lot of promise in several diseases. In leukaemia and certain genetic disorders, bone marrow transplantation is already a well-established process through use of bone marrow stem cell and umbilical cord stem cell.’’
She said the PGI proposed to set up an umblical cord stem cell bank. “There are more than 50 cord blood banks worldwide. Umblical cord stem cell can be used as an alternate source for bone marrow transplant because it is sometimes difficult to get a bone marrow donor.” Instead of throwing away the umbilical cord, one can take the consent of the mother after ensuring the new-born’s well-being. One can collect blood from the umbilical cord and preserve it at ultra low temperature (-196 degree Centigrade) at the temperature of liquid nitrogen.
Vinod Sehgal regales audienceThe lyrical and romantic element in poetry and music found the highest expression in the repertoire of ghazals rendered by invincible maestro Vinod Sehgal at a special cultural programme held at Bhargava Auditorium today to commemorate the Foundation day of the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research(PGI).
The foremost disciple of ghazal king Jagjit Singh, revitalised the potent poetic content of Mirza Ghalib’s classic qalaam “Hain aur bhi duniyan mein sukhanvar bahut achhe, kehte hain ke Ghalib ka hai andaaz-e-byan aur…” with his mellifluous spell that gave a majestic start to his musical soiree largely attended by art lovers from the medical fraternity.
The audience clapped in “laya” and “taal” at the culmination of every couplet. Paying a tribute to the memory of a Bollywood lyricist Prem Bartbartani from the city, Sehgal presented his ghazal “Gham ne hasne na diya, zarf ne rone na diya”. He doled out the first song from film “Ravana” under the music direction of Jagjit Singh ‘Ishaq se gehra koi na darya…’ popular Punjabi hits from his films and albums like ‘Kurti satt rang di’.
The “Maachis” song ‘Chhod aaye ham ...’ provided the grand finale. Vinod Sehgal, a ghazal and playback singer of over 56 films, TV serials and albums brought the moods and passions in full play throughout the concert. Articulating rhythm on the tabla, was globe-trotting Avirbhav Verma along with Suresh Naik on the dholak, Tilak Raj, Goldie Singh on the guitar and Nindi on the synthesiser.
Earlier, noted folk and devotional singer Sarabjit Bhasin, back after a series of performances in the UK, the USA and Mascot presented a ghazal and a few Punjabi songs immortalised by the legendary Surinder Kaur. The programme, compered by Dr Mhammad Rafi, concluded with a Rajasthani musical folklore ‘Terra taali’ presented by Durgadevi.
The chief guest, Dr K.K. Talwar, Director, PGI, felicitated artistes at Bhargava Auditorium in Chandigarh on Thursday.
Prize for PGIs DirectorProf. K.K Talwar, Director, Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, has been selected for the Basanti Devi Amir Chand Prize for 2003 for his work on the utility of end myocardial biopsy in tropical heart muscle disease.
Prof Talwar, a renowned cardiologist and currently Head of Department of Cardiology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, has made original contribution in heart muscle diseases at the international and national level. He initiated the technique of endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) at the AIIMS and has extensively used it to study various tropical heart muscle diseases. This work has been presented and published in various international journals.
Prof Talwar has been member, Scientific Council on Cardiomyopathies-World Health Federation; member, Asian Region of Global Physicians Network on Myocarditis and related disorders; Fellow of International Academy of Cardiovascular Sciences; WHO consultant to prepare a document on cardiac emergencies and guidelines for management of NCD in SEAR countries.
Recognise stroke signs, live longSmokers and patients suffering from diabetes or high blood pressure are more prone to brain stroke, but it can be prevented through early treatment. As stroke does not strike unannounced, it is important to recognise the warning signs before stroke becomes fatal. The warning signals include visual disturbances, numbness in a part of the limbs, dizziness and slurred speech.
According to Dr Michel Henry from France, the symptoms, known as Transient Ischemic Attack, manifest themselves in approximately 30 per cent of the patients who are bound to suffer a stroke. "It has been seen that 10 per cent of the patients do suffer a stroke within two weeks," he says.
Dr Henry is in Chandigarh for addressing a group of doctors at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) on Recent advances in stroke management .
Talking about minimal invasive endovascular technique for preventing brain stroke through angioplasty and stenting, he asserts that a patient can return to work within a day. "It takes just 20 minutes to perform the technique through a needle puncture using local anesthesia only," he says.
For angioplasty and stenting, a small tube-like support called stent is placed in the narrowing artery from a minor hole made in the groin. The stent is then expanded to open the narrowing and restoring normal blood supply to the brain. Dr Henry adds that patients with over 50 per cent stenosis can often best reduce their risk of stroke by minimal invasive and endovascular therapy.
Giving details, he asserts that there are two types of strokes — Ischemic and Hemmorhagic stroke. "The former accounts for 84 per cent of stroke cases, while the latter accounts for 16 per cent".
Consultant Cardiologist with PGIMER Dr H K Bali adds that cerebrovascular disease are most devastating, and most misunderstood, epidemic. "Early recognition and fast treatment are essential to effectively treating stroke he says.
The prevalence of stroke in India is 98 to 268 per 100, 000 population, he concludes. "It occurs due to blockage of the carotid arteries through which nearly 20 percent of the body s blood is supplied to the human brain," he asserts.
Most cancer patients approach doctor too late, says expertAbout 90 per cent of the patients suffering from cancer in India reach the doctor too late — at a stage when cure is a distant dream — as against 50 per cent in America. The situation is likely to worsen as the number of cancer deaths in the country is likely to double by 2020. Lack of health education and cancer awareness among the citizens are the reasons, says Dr Robert Twycross of Oxford International Centre for Palliative care.
He is attending a three-day international conference on palliative care being organised at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER).
Talking to The Tribune on Friday, Dr Twycross adds that pharmacological properties of drugs used for other medical complications are currently being examined to see if they can be beneficial for the terminally ill patients.
Commenting on the global scenario, he says that deaths from cancer worldwide now exceed 6 million per annum. As per an estimate 10 million new cases of cancer were reported in 2000.
The cases, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), will increase to 16 million per year by 2020. The increase will be unequally distributed throughout the world.
As such palliative care for end-stage patients is essential. "People who are dying often need more care than those who are curable. They need a form of care which considers not only physical, but also psychological, social and spiritual concerns. Professional skills of a high order are required to provide expert care that is individual to each patient, detailed and sensitive", he says.
For this reason the subject should be introduced in curriculum of medical colleges, nursing colleges and nursing schools. Health workers should also be trained in health education and early detection of the disease.
The doctor adds, "Given the ever changing boundaries of what is achievable in terms of cure or prolonged survival, it will never be possible to be precise about the cut-off between a cure oriented approach and a care-centered approach. However, unless doctors and patients maintain an awareness that ultimately death in inevitable, the right balance is unlikely to be achieved".
He concludes, "Indeed, part of the skill of medicine is to decide when to allow death to occur without further medical impediment. Although the possibility of unexpected improvement or recovery should not be totally ignored, there are many occasions when it is appropriate to give death a chance . Further, as death draws near, interest in hydration and nutrition often becomes minimal, and it is inappropriate to force someone to accept food and fluid".
A badly bruised PGI needs a healing touchUnsavoury developments in the recent past have dented the image of the PGI, Chandigarh. For the first time in its history, the Director has been told to proceed on leave. For the first time again, an OSD of the Health Ministry has been deputed at the PGI to monitor its functioning. The PGI is certainly not what it used to be.
The root cause of the problem, as one gathers from talks with senior faculty members, doctors and well-wishers of the institute, is that the Director, Prof S.K. Sharma, and five pillars of the PGI the Medical Superintendent (MS), the Dean, the Deputy Director (Administration), the Financial Adviser and the Superintending Health Engineer did not operate as a team. The captain did not carry the team along.
Professor Sharma chose to run the institution with the help of non-faculty administrators, distancing senior faculty members. No one accuses him of corruption. But many believed that a relation also working in the PGI was, as a senior doctor put it, an albatross round his neck. Powers got centralised in select hands. Transparency was missing. A number of top appointments that of the Dean, for instance have been challenged in court. When reached on the telephone, Professor Sharma refused comments, saying he was on leave.
The PGI faced an inglorious moment when unaccounted stocks of stents, pace-makers, balloons etc worth about Rs1 crore were found in the cath lab and a CBI inquiry was ordered. The cath lab in-charge, Dr H.K. Bali, and the Cardiology Department head, Dr Anil Grover, did not display the maturity and dignified conduct expected from senior doctors and went public with their differences. While the CBI inquiry report, yet to be made public, alone will pinpoint the guilt and the guilty, Dr Bali has regained charge of the cath lab after Professor Sharmas departure from the scene.
The events that followed were no less shocking. In a dramatic incident, a video film was made of a patient, allegedly provoked by the wife of a senior doctor to level serious charges against a colleague of her husband. Then parking lots were allotted on a lower bid of Rs 12 lakh against the highest offer of Rs 18 lakh. As the issue became public, the allotment was cancelled. The demolition of part of a religious place could have led to a serious trouble on the campus, but the controversy died down after a brief blame game.
What has led to Professor Sharmas forced leave and handing over of temporary charge to Prof N.K. Ganguly, Director-General of the ICMR, was the appointment of a nephew of the Director as a junior engineer and subsequent extensions to him in utter disregard of the rules. Professor Sharmas opponents prominent and more vocal among them, Mr Suresh Chandel, a BJP MP and member of the PGI Institute Body exploited every administrative lapse to get even with him. The ailing PGI can recover fast and avoid falling from grace in future if politicians are kept away from the Institute Body.
The presence of Professor Ganguly did have an immediate sobering effect on the faculty. On Monday (October 6) he counselled the heads to run their own departments. He has made it known that he favours decentralisation of powers. Elaborating on autonomy, he told The Tribune that he would work in consultation with senior faculty members.
Conceived in 1960 by the far-sighted Nehru-Kairon duo, the PGI (Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research) came into being on July 7, 1963, when the Nehru Hospital was inaugurated. Its growth in terms of patients and infrastructure has been phenomenal. Some 10 lakh patients attend the OPD every year. Five thousand operations are performed each year. On an average, 110 x-rays and 125 ultrasound scans are carried out daily. And 5,109 candidates have so far obtained the M.D., M.S., D.M., M.Ch. and Ph.D. degrees.
Too many patients
The large number of patients that the PGI draws heavily burdens its infrastructure. Dr B.K. Sharma, a former Director of the PGI, attributes the patient rush to lack of dependable health infrastructure in the region: The medical colleges at Amritsar, Patiala, Jammu and Shimla do not inspire faith and confidence among patients. Once when it was attempted to restrict the PGI to referral cases only, patients started bribing doctors to get referred here. In India it is the patient who decides where he will get the treatment.
One common problem that attendants of patients voiced was that they have to run around to get lab tests done, collect test reports, buy medicines and locate doctors. Each patient requires at least two attendants. Outside patients are particularly put to inconvenience. Though there is a gurdwara offering langar, a serai and a dharamshala on the campus, attendants stretch themselves wherever they can find space.
In DMC, Ludhiana, if you know just the name of a patient, you will be immediately told where he or she is. That is because of computerisation. The PGI is expected to take at least two years to achieve computerisation, says Mrs Meeta Rajivlochan, DDA. A proposal to this effect is awaiting a financial go-ahead. At least 5,000 employees will be trained and the training will start shortly.
The shortage of nurses contributes to the inconvenience caused to patients and attendants. Dr A.K.Gupta, Medical Superintendent, says the PGI has 1,200 nurses and 200 posts are vacant due to absenteeism and resignations. Applications are being processed for new appointments.
Lack of awareness is behind many misgivings that patients or their attendants have about the medical fraternity. A few patients complained of multiple tests, but doctors said for multi-dimensional treatment requires such tests. Partiality is alleged in the allotment of rooms. However, the MS says there are 80 rooms excluding those for the staff and 50 per cent allotment is done on merit and 50 per cent to deal with emergency (read VIP) cases.
Another wrong notion prevalent is that patients are taken care of by junior doctors only. To this junior residents said whatever they do is in consultation with seniors and the level of supervision is as high as anywhere. A patient can withdraw at any stage if he is not satisfied with the treatment. Professional ethics are strictly followed.
The resident doctors constitute the backbone of the PGI and it is they who face the maximum pressure of patient care. According to the Association of Resident Doctors, the members have a 14-hour working day on an average and they have no holidays. The hectic work schedule leaves them with hardly any quality time for themselves. No time for hobbies, not even for yoga. Due to the high level of stress and exposure to patients, the incidence of TB among the junior doctors is double the national average.
And yet their salary is inadequate (Rs 14,000 pm), lower than that in the AIIMS (Rs 17,000), where their counterparts enjoy holidays and have an easier work schedule. Doctors recall the Bakshi committee, which recommended the salaries of technocrats be on a par with that of bureaucrats, but the bureaucracy not only got the report spiked, but also ensured a punishment posting for the committee head.
The virus of red-tape has also hit the PGI efficiency. Complaints of delayed supply of equipment and material needed urgently for research are common. A department head can buy material worth Rs 2,000 on his own and worth Rs 10,000 by inviting quotations. These amounts hardly serve any purpose because of the high cost of medical material and instruments. More financial autonomy is what many demand, but hardly believe it would happen.
That the tiresomely dilatory procedures have continued for years despite the Directors themselves having suffered these is what is surprising. A sophisticated equipment committee first assesses the genuinness of a departments expressed need for material. Then there is a lower purchase committee and another higher purchase committee. The purchase rules are not practical. MNCs insist on following their own sale procedures which sometimes conflict with PGI rules resulting in delays. The authorities make do with other suppliers and compromise on quality.
Civil project delays cause much more damage due to cost overruns. An advanced cardiac centre was the first project sanctioned in the Ninth Plan and Rs 45 crore was earmarked. Six years later the project is yet to be completed. Fund shortage is often cited as a reason for project delays.
However, Dr B.K. Sharma does not accept this excuse and asserts: Let me state with a full sense of responsibility and as the head of a department for 20 years that funds have never been a constraint in undertaking a project. Actually, funds often remain unutilised and lapse for want of right initiatives. The processing of projects is slow.
Sounding a cheerful note, the head of a department said there was no need for feeling pessimistic. It was not that the PGI has lost its glory. But at the same time I want that merit must be honoured. Todays middle level will constitute tomorrows top, she said and added The long-term consequences of ignoring merit will be disastrous for the institute.
Despite problems, the PGI still remains one of the finest institutions of medical education and research that also provides reliable tertiary care. PGI doctors have won top awards: Padma Bhushan: P.N. Chhuttani; Padma Shree: P.L. Wahi, K.S. Chug, R.R.Choudhary, RVS Yadav, Amrit Tewari. Prof N.K. Ganguly has won the G.D. Birla and Ranbaxy awards. The B.C. Roy Award has gone to at least 15 doctors.
The Medical Superintendent claimed that the PGI has an efficient waste management system in place. Each patient generates 2.1/2 kg of waste, 80 per cent of which is non-infectious. Waste is segregated at the source, collected in yellow, red, blue and black bins kept in different departments and toxic waste is treated before disposal.
The PGI functioning has actually improved in some areas. For instance, the level of sanitation has gone up. A number of new projects are coming up: an advanced eye centre, a trauma centre, an advanced urology centre, a bone marrow transplant centre, a drug de-addiction centre, a multi-level parking for the new OPD, a new mortuary and a new convention centre.
Well-wishers of the PGI demand that the atmosphere of uncertainty and ad hocism that breeds rumour-mongering, affecting study and research, should be put to an end and a healing touch be given to the institute by immediately beginning the process of selection of the new Director since Professor Sharma retires in March next year.
Medical education programmeMalaria, kala-azar, hydatidosis, neurocysticercosis, filariasis and intestinal worm infestation caused by parasites still continue to contribute to the high morbidity and mortality rates in the country, said experts attending a medical education programme-cum-workshop on An update on diagnostic techniques for parasitic diseases inaugurated today. It is being organised by the Department of Parasitology at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research.
They added that the problem was compounded with the advent of HIV (I) AIDS. An early diagnosis followed by prompt treatment was the need of the hour. The advances in the serological and molecular biological techniques have revolutionised the laboratory diagnosis, they asserted.
The workshop was inaugurated by Director General of ICMR and Institute Director Professor N.K.Ganguly. Addressing a gathering, Dr Ganguly emphasised the magnitude of parasitic diseases in this country and the need for establishing the latest diagnostic techniques in medical colleges.
Notice to PGIMER on selectionsIssuing notice to the Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, (PGIMER) besides other respondents, on a petition filed by an Additional Professor of Cardiology, seeking the quashing of the process for selecting professors on grounds of bias, a Division Bench of the Punjab and Haryana High Court has asked them to show cause why the petition should not be admitted.
In his petition, Dr H.K. Bali had also sought directions to the respondents for holding fresh selections without the participation of the PGIMER Director, Dr S.K. Sharma, after the reconstitution of selection committees, including the appointment of experts. Directions for restraining the respondents from making appointments to the posts of professor during the pendency of the writ petition were also sought. The Bench comprising Mr Justice Swatanter Kumar and Mr Justice Jasbir Singh, while issuing the notice for July 1, however, did not pass any order on the stay plea.
Claiming himself to be an applicant for the Professor’s post, Dr Bali had asserted that another candidate Dr Anil Grover and the Director were co-brothers-in-law. He had added that the Director was actively participating in the selection process. At one occasion, the Director could not participate in the selection process and as such the same was deferred at his behest so as to ensure benefit to Dr Grover.
Giving details, he had added that the selection committee constituted for the purpose did not even have a single member with the knowledge of cardiology, nuclear medicine, pharmacology, ENT and other fields for which vacancies were advertised and as such was non-functional.
His counsel had added that the Director had issued instructions that the opinion of the experts would prevail and that the order of merit was to reflect the seniority. Seniority of professors was common and had material bearing on appointment as Dean and the Director, the counsel had asserted.
Meanwhile, according to sources in the PGIMER, both Dr Grover and Dr Bali were interviewed by the Standing Selection Committee. The Director, sources added, did not participate in the process.
Notice to PGIIssuing notice to the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, besides other respondents, a Division Bench of the Punjab and Haryana High Court on Thursday asked them to show cause why a petition filed by the Institute’s head of the Radiology Department, Dr Sudha Suri, seeking the quashing of Dr Onkar Nath Nagi’s appointment as Dean, should not be admitted.
The Bench, comprising Mr Justice Swatanter Kumar and Mr Justice Mehtab Singh Gill, also asked the PGIMER authorities to produce the entire record, along with the minutes of the meeting of the institute’s Governing Body, on the next date of hearing.
The Judges added that they were “not inclined to grant ex-parte stay” in the matter and issued notice regarding the same for May 29. In her petition, Dr Suri had claimed that the law question involved in the matter was whether it was permissible for the authorities to ignore a senior doctor who was not unsuitable for appointment as the Dean.
Seeking the quashing of the appointment, she had also sought directions to the respondents to appoint the Dean on the basis of seniority and suitability as per the rules and regulations.
ICMR grants 14 projects to PGIThe Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has granted 14 projects for research worth Rs 5.7 crore to the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) this year. These projects were okayed by the ICMR in March 2002 and funds for some of these have started reaching the various departments of the PGI.
Sources in the PGI claim that the number of projects which the PGI has bagged this year is higher than the number of projects granted to any other institute in the country by the ICMR this year. Since the number of projects which an institute is able to get from the ICMR is considered to be the criteria of determining the national position of the institute as far as research is concerned, the PGI might be topping the list this year. Till last year the PGI was next in line to AIIMS, New Delhi, which generally tops the list each year.
Although the subjects of the projects vary from research on lung cancer to kidney stones to development of a vaccine against streptococcal infection, the thrust of many of these projects is on genomic or gene studies. This is evident from the fact that seven out of the 14 projects deal with genomic studies of disease-causing pathogens or their gene characterisations. This is due to the fact that the ICMR is promoting research in these two fields among the various medical research institutes in the country.
The largest project, which is worth Rs 1 crore, has gone to Dr K.K. Kohli of the Department of Biochemistry who will be working on pharmacogenetics of certain cytochrome among North Indians. The PGI Director, Prof S.K. Sharma, will be analysing the genomic variations in the population with kidney stones as part of his research project.
Dr H. Vohra of the Department of Experimental Medicine will be analysing conserved epitopes of streptococcus which is a vital step towards the development of an effective vaccine. Dr Madhu Khullar will be working on the genetic risk factors in children and adolescents for cardiovascular diseases based on variations in the human genome.
The others who have got these projects include Dr Sujata Ghosh, Dr Radhika Srinivasan, Dr Anil Narang, Dr A.Chakraborti, Dr Gurjeevan Grewal, Dr Anil Grover, Dr S. Majumdar, Dr Rajendra Prasad, Dr Pallab Ray and Dr Anuradha Chakarborti.
The Departments of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Medical Microbiology and Biochemistry have been able to get more than one project for themselves. The Departments of Heamatology, Urology, Cardiology and Paediatrics have got a project each this year.
While most of the projects are time bound, the number of years in which these have to be completed and submitted to the ICMR varies with each project.
129 selected for PGI postsThe process of filling 140 vacant posts in the Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research was completed today, with selections being made to 129 posts in various departments.
Sources reveal that six posts were withdrawn since there was no candidate for them and five others were withdrawn on administrative grounds. Selections were made to the posts of 35 Professor and 94 Assistant Professor.
The selection committee was chaired by the former PGI Director, Dr I.C Pathak, with the PGI Director, Dr B. K. Sharma, as committee member-secretary. The process commenced on November 4.
Dr Sharma said that the selections had been lying pending for five years on account of litigation. They were now done in accordance with the directions of the Punjab and Haryana High Court which had set the date of November 30 for completing the process. The governing body of PGI will now shortly meet to accord final approval to these selections, preferably before December 15 . He further said that selection results will be declared only after they are cleared by the governing body.
Clarifying the issue of appointment of Dr Pathak as Chairman of the committee, Dr Sharma said this was done by the Ministry of Health following Dr Palani Appan, the then chairman resigning from the post. Though the item for the appointment of the chairman of the selection committee was on the agenda of the institute body, which was scheduled to meet on October 1, but since the meeting was cancelled, it was not taken up.
A few doctors on the faculty have alleged that the members of the selection committee kept changing from time to time and certain members like the Director-General, Health Services, or a representative of the Indian Science Congress were not present at all times. But Dr Sharma dismissed these allegations by saying that the required 40 per cent quorum was met all through the interviews along with one of them being a member of the Scheduled Caste. Some of the other members on the selection committee include Dr S.P. Mukherjee from Calcutta; Dr Subba Rao from Hyderabad; Dr Kanakraj from Chennai; Dr Sivraj; Dr M.M Puri and Dr Raina.
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Summary: Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Chandigarh website, mobile, contact address and approval / recognition details.