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TNB College, Bhagalpur, Bihar
TNB College, Bhagalpur, Bihar
Address:Lower Nathnagar Road
TNB College, Bhagalpur Bihar is a recognised institute / college.
TNB College, Bhagalpur Bihar is situated in Bhagalpur of Bihar state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Website of TNB College, Bhagalpur Bihar is http://www.tnbcollege.org/.
Contact Details of TNB College, Bhagalpur Bihar are : Telephone: +91-641-2500930
TNB College, Bhagalpur Bihar runs course(s) in Arts, Biotechnology, Computer Applications, Science stream(s).
TNB College is affiliated with Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur
Profile of TNB CollegeIn the year 1959 it was made a constituent unit of Bihar University and 12th July 1960, Bhagalpur University was established after bifurcation from the Bihar University and TNB College became the first premier constituent College of the University. In fact most of the present P. G. departments of Bhagalpur University, originated first in the T.N.B.College and then after a few years, got transferred to their present buildings. In Feb. 2004, the college was accredited by NAAC and awarded B+ grade.
Media coverage of TNB College, Bhagalpur Bihar, Bihar
NAAC report of TNB CollegeSection I : Preface
Tej Narayan Banaili (T.N.B.) College, Bhagalpur, is the second oldest college in the States of Bihar and Jharkhand. It is located in the historic city of Bhagalpur in an urban area on a main road close to the National Highway NH80 and the river Ganga. The College was established in the year 1883 by Raja Tej Narayan Singh Bahadur to commemorate the Golden Jubilee year of the coronation of Queen Victoria. The College, earlier known as T.N.Jubilee College was affiliated successively to Calcutta University and Bihar University. It assumed its present name in 1959 and became a constituent co-educational College of Bhagalpur University, later renamed as Tilak Manjhi Bhagalpur University, when the latter was established in 1960.
The College volunteered to be assessed by National Assessment and Accreditation Council and submitted its Self-study Report in February, 2004. A Peer Team was constituted by the Council to visit the College and validate the report. The Peer Team consisting of Dr. P. K. Chaudhuri, Formerly Member Secretary, W.B. State Council of Higher Education, as Chairman and Dr. Vijaya Chouhan, Former Principal, Govt. M.H. College of Home Science and Science for Women (Autonomous), Jabalpur, and Prof. R. K. Behera, Prof. of Chemistry, Sambalpur University, as Members. The Peer team visited T.N.B. College on three days, from 25th. to 27th. March, 2004. Prior to the visit, the Peer Team did a thorough study of the Self Study Report submitted by the College. During the visit the Team interacted with the Principal, the Pro-VC and other officials of T. M. Bhagalpur University, teachers, non-teaching staff, students, alumni and guardians of students. The Peer Team Members visited the academic and other facilities including the hostels.
There are residential quarters for teachers and staff numbering 40 and 60 respectively, Principal's quarter, a stadium, a canteen and a number of gardens within the campus. There are six hostels for boys.
The College is managed by the T.M. Bhagalpur University and is regulated by the Bihar Universities Acts and Statutes, 1976, as amended from time to time. It has an impressive list of alumni who have been famous as politicians, administrators and litterateurs.
Section 2: Criterion-wise Analysis
Criterion I: Curricular Aspects
T.N.B. College is a Constituent College of T.M. Bhagalpur University with Arts and Science faculties. It is essentially an undergraduate degree college offering the three-year B.A. and B.Sc. programmes along with some self-financing programmes on Computer Applications and Biotechnology. It caters to a multilingual student community and teaches seven languages, viz. Hindi, English, Sanskrit, Bengali, Maithili, Persian and Urdu. The College offers twelve other Arts subjects viz. Philosophy, History, Ancient Indian History and Culture, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, Geography, Psychology, Gandhian Thought, Industrial Relations and Personnel Management (IRPM), Rural Economics and Functional Hindi.
Of the languages, a student of B.A. or B.Sc. with Hindi as vernacular has to study a full paper on Hindi, while others have to study for a half paper on Hindi and another half paper on either of Urdu, Maithili, Bengali or English. A student of B.A. can either study two subjects in the humanities at general level or any of the subjects at honours level along with another subject at subsidiary level. In B.Sc., a student can study the combinations Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. The College is now offering Geology as a science subject. Any one of the subjects may be studied at Honours level. For all undergraduate programmes, Environmental Studies has been introduced as a core subject.
Of the vocational subjects, Functional Hindi is offered at both Honours and General levels, while Biotechnology and Computer Applications are taught at honours level only. The College takes about a year to introduce a new programme or subject of study. However, it has introduced the programmes on Computer Application and Biotechnology and the subjects of Geology, Functional Hindi, Rural Economics, IRPM and Gandhian Thought during the last three years in response to University directives. The undergraduate programmes have scope for horizontal mobility and flexibility of time frame to suit the needs of the students. The College has provision for enrolment for doctoral work leading to Ph.D.
As an affiliated college, T.N.B. College follows the syllabi prepared according to UGC guidelines and prescribed by the T. M. B. University. Some of the faculty members are members of the University Board of Studies and take part in syllabus framing. The faculty members can convey their views regarding modification and modularization of syllabi and adopting an interdisciplinary approach to the University.
The syllabi are comprehensive and the students are adequately prepared for competitive examinations, post-graduate programmes and various job-oriented programmes. The Computer Application, Biotechnology and Functional Hindi courses are vocational and totally job-oriented.
T. N. B. College used to run postgraduate programmes till they were discontinued by an order of the State Government in the year 2002.
The curricula followed at T.N.B. College contain various cultural, literary and sports activities other than syllabus-oriented classroom learning.
The College hosts a Centre of Nalanda Open University, which offers postgraduate courses in Political Science and History.
The goals and objectives of the Institution are clearly defined as 'An integral development of the whole person, emphasizing on quality education with a view to prepare the students to face the challenges of life', thereby ensuring a high standard of morality and discipline in their conduct.
Criterion II: Teaching, Learning and Evaluation
T.N.B. College admits students on the basis of Combined Admission Test and Bachelor Admission Test, following reservation rules imposed by the Government. For admitting students to Biotechnology and Computer Application programmes, the College conducts interviews and considers previous academic records of the candidates. Monthly tests are conducted to assess the progress of students and tutorial classes are held to assist the weaker students. The College runs a University Coaching Centre, where students can receive remedial coaching by college teachers by paying nominal extra fees. Some
Remedial Classes are held on Sundays as well. On the other hand, advanced students are sent to summer training programmes and assisted with scholarships and prizes.
The College has ninety-four permanent teachers, women forming about 12% of the faculty. Nearly 82% of the teachers have doctorate degrees. The teaching load is thus taken entirely by permanent teachers. At the beginning of an academic session, the syllabi are distributed among the faculty members according to their specialization and experience.
Teachers of T.N.B. College make teaching plans after the courses are unitized by each department and specific units are allotted to individual teachers. Apart from usual classroom teaching, the College conducts practical classes, fieldwork and excursions.
Some departments organize seminars, guest lectures and workshops in respective disciplines.
The College has 189 teaching days per year, which is above the minimum of 180 days per year stipulated by UGC. It functions in two shifts, one from 7.30 AM to 1.20 P.M. and the other from 10 A.M. to 4.30 PM.
Evaluation methods and time schedules of different examinations are communicated to students well in advance through the academic calendar and notifications. The performance of students is monitored through results of the class tests and the annual examination. Results of University examinations are analysed and remedial measures are taken when felt necessary.
The College does not usually create teaching posts or recruit teachers on its own. The Bihar State University (Constituent Colleges) Service Commission recruits teachers of the College through open advertisement following UGC norms. The Vice-Chancellor can, however, appoint teachers through selection by an Expert Committee on ad-hoc basis.
During the last two years, the College has recruited seven teachers, of whom one is from outside Bihar and three others are former students of the institution. Non-teaching staff is recruited through an open test conducted by the University. In case of self-financing courses, the College appoints both teachers and non-teaching staff and maintains the posts out of funds generated through these courses.
The College encourages teachers to participate in seminars and conferences held outside the Institution. Thirty teachers have participated in National and International events and about a third of them have acted as resource persons. Twenty teachers attended Orientation Programmes and twenty-two attended Refresher Courses during the last two years. During this period, five seminars and workshops were conducted at the College with the objective of faculty development. In all these programmes, the focus was on environment, water resources and prospects of Biotechnology.
The performance of the faculty is evaluated through self-appraisal of the individual teachers, which is essential for career advancement. The College also monitors the performance of teachers through student feedback as well as their publications and awards received. Five teachers of the College have received teaching awards.
The College has a number of committees for assisting the Principal in the administration. Many of the faculty members are members of these committees as well as university bodies like the Senate and Syndicate.
Criterion III: Research, Consultancy and Extension
There is substantial research activity in some departments of T. N. B. College. It encourages and assists the faculty members to conduct research by sanctioning study leave and adjusting the teaching schedules to suit the research workers. More than 30 % of the teachers are engaged in guiding research scholars and publishing research papers and review articles. There are eight full-time and 20 part-time research scholars working at T.N.B. College. The College provides laboratory and library facility to the scholars but there is no provision for stipends or fellowships. As many as 32 research students have obtained Ph.D. during the last five years. The faculty members have completed research projects funded by UGC, CSIR, DOE etc. but there is no ongoing research project at present.
The College publicizes the expertise of its faculty members through the College website with ISDN connection. However, the teachers are not engaged in providing any consultancy at present.
The College undertakes extension programmes in a wide range of areas, including Community development camps, adult education and literacy and awareness programmes related to environment, health and hygiene. Both students and teachers take part in the extension activities and the College encourages such participation by giving incentives and awards. The College participates in the National Literacy Mission and every student is required to educate two of the inhabitants of his native village so as to make them literate.
Some of the other areas of extension work are afforestation, development of agriculture, cultivation of medicinal plants, conservation of germplasm, nursery and childcare and campaign against child labour.
The College has one unit of NSS with 100 volunteers. The NSS unit has adopted a village named Kabirpur for village cleaning and two other villages for literacy mission and detoxification. They have undertaken tree-plantation in the college campus and launched a special drive for AIDS awareness. The College has one battalion of NCC with 120 cadets.
The cadets have participated in Pulse Polio Immunisation Programme and observing the Red Cross day. They have taken part in social service camp, cleaning of college campus, beautification of a road crossing nearby and organizing various sports tournaments at the College.
Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources
T.N.B. College has a sprawling campus of about 69 acres situated on a main road connecting Bhagalpur Junction and Nathnagar and the National Highway No. 80. The College has its main building, seven separate academic buildings of the Departments of Physics, Chemistry, Psychology etc. and the Central Library building. It has six boys' hostels. The College has a stadium, a residential quarter for the Principal, forty quarters for teachers and sixty for staff. There are several gardens and ample greenery enhance the beauty and environmental quality of the campus. The Botany Department of the College looks after the gardens and campus development with active participation of students.
The College has 75 class rooms and laboratories, which are spacious and adequate for its requirements. However, some of the laboratories, like those in the department of Chemistry, need proper maintenance and development. The Geography laboratory lacks space and the Geology laboratory is yet to be set up. Some of the laboratories have facilities for postgraduate work and research. Though the College does not have a separate workshop, the laboratories are equipped with tools for maintenance of instruments.
The Central Library is located in a separate two-storied building. It has a Library Committee and a stock of one lakh and forty thousand books, most of which are old and outdated. The College added about 1000 books last year at a cost of nearly Rs.85,000/-. It subscribes to 18 periodicals and journals. The library has no reprographic facility or computer. The Library does not have audio-visual material or Internet facility. There is no linkage of the College library with any other library. The Library is open on 245 days per year from 9 AM to 6 PM. on working days and from 9 AM to 2 PM on Sundays. There are no departmental libraries except in departments of Biotechnology, Computer Applications and Functional Hindi.
The College maintains and adds to its infrastructure according to needs that arise from time to time. Funds are allocated in the budget for developments. The College also utilises UGC grants.
The College does not have a central computer facility. The Department of Computer Applications has 25 PCs and the computer laboratory is open from 8 AM to 8 PM on all working days. All teachers have access to the computers and Internet facility available in the Computer Applications department and the College office. The departments of Biotechnology, Botany, Zoology and the College Office have one computer each. The accounting of the College is in the process of being computerised. It has procured some packages for scientific and statistical analysis but no computer-aided learning packages have been developed. The computers and peripherals are maintained through annual maintenance contract with the dealers. The College also has skilled personnel to maintain and repair the computers.
The College has ample facilities for indoor and outdoor games. It has a large stadium, three playgrounds suitable for major games and an indoor stadium. It has a post of Physical Training Instructor. The College has facilities for outdoor games like Cricket, Football, Basketball, Volleyball, Badminton, Kho-kho, Kabadi and indoor sports like Table tennis and Yoga. About 400 students regularly participate in Yoga classes. Students can also play Carom and Chess at the common room. Students with outstanding performance in sports are granted free-studentship, blazer and track suits. They get preference in admission as well as in the allotment of hostel accommodation. The College encourages deserving students to participate in inter-college sports by bearing their travel and other expenses. During the last year, students participated in Cricket, Volleyball, Football, Kho-kho, Yoga, Athletics and Wrestling and ninety-nine players got awards from the University. The College organized the Inter-University Volleyball Tournament in 2003. Recently, some students took part in the All India Inter-University Yoga competition.
The College has six hostels, each with separate hostel committees. They accommodate about six hundred students. Some girls are accommodated in the postgraduate girls' hostel of the University.
Employees and students of the College can avail of the services of the University Health Centre, which provides medical advice and first-aid. A small canteen functions in the campus with inadequate space and kitchen equipment.
The College does not normally allow external agencies to use its infrastructure. However, it hosts a Study Centre of the Nalanda Open University, which is the State Open University of Bihar. The College stadium is used to hold inter-college and inter-university meets.
Criterion V: Student Support and Progression
The College publishes its updated prospectus every year. The prospectus contains a brief history of the institution and information on Programmes and Courses offered, admission rules, fee structure, facilities and scholarships available and the academic calendar.
Most of the students of the College are from within Bihar. About 2% are from outside the State and just a few are from NRI families. The College does not have any special policy for admission of overseas students. However, the College has provision for special accommodation for such students, if any such student is admitted in future.
The College has a drop-out rate of about 2.6%. The percentage of students passing the final University examination is about 70 %. However, about half of the students passing obtain first class and many achieve top ranks.
Students of the College can avail of Merit scholarships and Merit-cum-means Scholarships awarded by the Central and State Governments. The College awards some financial assistance to poor students from its own Poor Boys Fund. In the year before last about 200 students belonging to the SC, ST and OBC received Merit-cum-means stipends. In the year 2003-04, 724 students have received merit-cum-means stipend awarded by the State Government.
The College provides counselling for the students of Biotechnology and Computer Applications. It appoints Tutors who offer academic and personal counseling for the benefit of students.
The College provides opportunities for recreational facilities for the students. Apart from taking part in indoor and outdoor games, the students can make use of audio-visual facilities and participate in debating and cultural programmes. The College publishes students' magazine where the students can write and develop their literary abilities.
The College has a very impressive list of Alumni. The College has produced several Chief Ministers of Bihar, Ministers in the Central and State Governments, writers and other luminaries in various fields. The College does not keep track of all its ex-students but many of them succeed in the NET (UGC / CSIR), SLET, GRE, TOEFL etc.
The Alumni Association of T.N.B. College has been constituted a few years ago. The Association has raised about Rs. 67000/- for development of the college.
Criterion VI: Organisation and Management
As a constituent college of T.M. Bhagalpur University, the College is managed directly by the University authorities. It functions under the Bihar Universities Acts and Statutes, 1976, as amended from time to time and assented by the Chancellor of the Universities of Bihar. The Acts and Statutes have no provision for autonomous colleges.
The College is administered by the Principal with the assistance of designated persons and various committees approved by the Vice-Chancellor. A teacher is in charge of the morning shift of the College. Some teachers act as Bursars for Income and Expenditure, Controller of Examinations and Prof.-in-Charge of the College time-table. Some of the committees constituted by the Principal are the College Development Council, Planning Board, Finance Committee, Building Committee, Sales and Purchase Committee, Sports and Athletic Committee, Grievance Redressal Committee and the Syllabus Improvement Committee. There is a Committee to prepare the Academic Calendar. Major purchases by the College are made on the basis of recommendation of the Finance Committee. The Committees are approved by the Vice Chancellor of the University. Some teachers are also in charge of the Students' Union, the College Canteen, Environmental Education, Debating, Garden beautification, Sanitation and Cleanliness, etc. Distribution of the responsibilities among the Committees ensures efficiency and transparency of administration.
The College does not appoint any external agency to suggest ways of improvement of its management. However, various committees constituted by the State Government, the University and UGC monitor the performance of the College. The committees formed by the Principal steer various aspects of functioning of the institution. Performance of non-teaching staff of the College is monitored in the usual manner by the immediate authorities and the Principal.
The tuition fees charged by the College are nominal and have not been changed during the last three years. Undergraduate students pay tuition fees ranging between Rs. 12 to 14 per month and pay other fees amounting to Rs. 588 per year. The hostel charges amount to Rs. 1550 to 1600 per year, excluding boarding charges. Fees charged for Self-financing programmes are of course higher. Students of Biotechnology pay Rs. 8000 as annual tuition fee. Students admitted to BCA on the basis of merit pay annual tuition fees of Rs. 7000, while those admitted to paying seats are required to pay Rs. 10000 per year. However, as per directive of the University Standing Committee on Vocational Education, 40% of the income from Vocational / Self-financing courses is to be deposited to the University.
The College prepares its annual budget for different heads of expenditure and forwards the same to the University. There is a system of internal audit apart from the audit conducted by the State Government.
The College makes various provisions for the welfare of the employees, who contribute to Group Insurance and LIC. The College arranges for Marriage Loan, Medical Treatment Loan etc. as and when the need arises. The confirmed employees can get Bank loans and the College arranges repayment of the same by making monthly deductions from salary and transfers to the Bank concerned.
The College has constituted a Grievance Redressal Committee. The Committee receives various complaints and suggestions from employees and students. It arranges for proper redressal of any genuine and valid grievance by approaching the appropriate authority. The College maintains records of the grievances and steps taken for their redressal.
Financial resources of the College come from funds received from the University, UGC and fees received from students.
The college has an on campus banking facility.
Criterion VII: Healthy Practices
T.N.B. College, in an attempt to improve academically, has taken a number of positive steps. Some of these steps are:
It periodically reviews the courses offered and the performance of the faculty members. Results of monthly tests and final examinations are used as quality indicators. The students are encouraged to maintain academic diaries. The College also maintains employment statistics of its students after they pass out.
The College has been able to increase the number of its working days to 245 per year and its teaching days to 189 by eliminating the summer vacation and holding some classes while examinations are in progress.
The College has student exchange programmes with other colleges. Faculty members often visit national research laboratories and central universities, whereby the College has established a close relation with these institutions.
The College has started self-financing courses on Biotechnology and Computer Applications. Reputed experts are invited by the College to deliver lectures on these subjects.
The College tries to inculcate a sense of civic responsibility among its students by involving them in various extension activities. Every student has to educate two illiterate persons and make them literate. Programmes on environmental awareness and a compulsory paper on Environmental Studies instill consciousness among the students about conservation and pollution of the environment. The College associates local and national NGOs with its activities on community development. Research efforts are so channelled as to benefit the society through the results.
The College makes an effort to impart Value Education through lectures on Women's Empowerment, Dignity of Labour, Yoga and Mental Health etc.
Students of the College have opportunity to develop their communication skills by participating in debates, group discussions and dramatic performances. They are also exposed to use of modern Information Technology through use of computers and Internet. They are trained to work as a team through sports events, cultural programmes, NCC and NSS, educational tours and field work.
The College has uniform dress code, which encourages a sense of equality among students from different social and economic backgrounds. It has also adopted the 'Kulgeet' and 'Kuldhwaja' - the song and banner of the University family.
Section III: Overall Analysis
T.N.B. College was established in the year 1883 and functions as a constituent college of T.M.Bhagalpur University since the inception of the latter. It enjoys both administrational and academic closeness to the University. It has grown in keeping with the recent trends in higher education, with due weightage on research and need-based Programmes of study. The Peer Team likes to record the following commendations regarding the performance of the institution and recommend measures for its further improvement.
The College offers a large range of subjects including seven languages. It has introduced several need-based and self-financing courses in response to the requirements of the present age.
The College has a distinct research culture. Eighty per cent of the teachers have doctorate degrees to their credit and a large number of them are active in research. Many teachers act as research guides producing Ph.D.s .
The College has a large number of teaching days per year, which has been made possible by eliminating the summer recess. It has sufficient number of teaching days available for class tests and tutorials. It engages some remedial classes on Sundays.
The College is very active in extension work spanning over community development, awareness programmes on health, hygiene and environment, organisation of blood donation camp and the National Literacy Campaign. The extension activities establish a linkage of the College with the neighbouring community.
The College attracts good students. It has small drop-out and a good pass rate. Many of the students of the College pass the University examinations with good ranks.
The College has a large campus with plenty of land for future constructions. It has excellent sports infrastructure, which is used for conducting sports meets by the University.
The College has a very large collection of books though the library is yet to use computers for cataloguing and lending services.
Many departments of the College have sufficient infrastructure and qualified faculty for running postgraduate programmes. The departments of English, History, Hindi, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology and Botany deserve special mention in this context. The College may approach appropriate authorities so that postgraduate programmes are re-introduced in these subjects.
Feedback from students is one of the true indicators of the quality of education imparted by an institution. The College should collect students' feed back regarding the teaching-learning process and the campus experience of the students in general.
The College may try to subscribe to one or two standard Indian research journals in each subject. The College may also consider computerizing the cataloguing and lending service of the Central Library, which will make it more user-friendly. The Library should also be equipped with a photocopier and Internet facility.
Many of the faculty members have research degrees and have the potential for doing research. They should be encouraged to submit research proposals to different funding agencies like UGC, DST, CSIR, ICAR etc.
The College may try to set up a separate hostel for girls.
With about six hundred students in the hostels and one hundred quarters for teachers and staff, the College may try to set up a permanent medical facility for the benefit of both students and staff.
The College Canteen needs major renovation to cater to the need of a large number of students and staff of the College. It should also have facility for hygienic preparation and storage of food.
The College may try to ensure wider participation of students in physical activities by introducing calisthenics and aerobics. Regular sessions may be held for training in yoga and all students may be encouraged to join the programme.
The College is under severe funds crunch in respect of maintaining and developing its infrastructure. It may therefore, try to raise funds from all available sources, including local industries and business houses.
The College may form a placement and employment cell, not only for students of the self-financing courses, but also for the other students.
The Alumni Association should be more vibrant and should contribute not only through academic activities but also by contributing financially to its development and exploring employment opportunities for the students.
The Peer Team takes this opportunity of thanking the authorities of Tej Narayan Banaili College for their hospitality and cooperation during its visit to the College. The Chairperson and members wish a very bright future of the institution.
P. K. Chaudhuri
R. K. Behera
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