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St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Address:Gnanapuram, Waltair Railway Station
Visakhapatnam (District Visakhapatnam)
Andhra Pradesh, India
St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam is a recognised institute / college. Status: Private Unaided, Catholic minority institution.
St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam is situated in Visakhapatnam of Andhra Pradesh state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Visakhapatnam comes under Vishakhapatnam (Vizag Waltair) Tehsil, Visakhapatnam District.
Fax # of St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam is 0891-2706420.
Website of St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam is http://stjoseph-vizag.com/.
Contact Details of St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam are : Telephone: +91-891-2558346
Courses offered in St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), VisakhapatnamBachelor of Arts (B.A.)
Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.)
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)
M.Sc. Analytical Chemistry
M.Sc. Organic Chemistry
St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam runs course(s) in Degree stream(s).
St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous) is affiliated with Andhra University, Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh)
Profile of St Josephs College for Women (Autonomous)St. Josephs College for Women (Autonomous), a Catholic minority institution, is managed by the Congregation of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Annecy, France. The congregation runs old age home, a nursing home, schools, cr che, orphanages and dispensaries in several parts of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Tamilnadu, Karnataka and Kerala. In the 1950s, Visakhapatnam did not have any facility for the higher education of young women. So impressed were the public of Visakhapatnam with the service rendered by the Sisters that, in 1957, a group of prominent citizens requested the Sisters of St. Joseph to undertake the task of setting up an institution of higher learning for the young women of the city. The college, affiliated to Andhra University, was founded on 7th July 1958, with six members of teaching staff and 28 students in the Pre-University course. The college was set up to serve the interests of the young women of Visakhapatnam and continues to do so with no thought of commercial gain. The emphasis then was on the teaching of Domestic Science but the college has since then diversified and developed to cater to the changing needs and aspirations of the young women.
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NAAC report of St Josephs College for Women ( Autonomous)Section I: Introduction
Visakhapatnam, formerly called Vizag or Waltair, has been welknown for its port and shipyard. It has now grown in area and importance as an industrial city. St. Joseph's College for Women was the first women's college of Visakhapatnam established in 1958 by the Congregation of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Annecy of France. The Congregation runs several schools and other welfare organisations in several parts of Orissa, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka besides Andhra Pradesh. The College was established with the mission of uplifting socially and economically backward women and empowering them to become economically independent.
The College is affiliated to Andhra University (AU) located in the same city. It was recognised by UGC under UGC Act 2f in the year 1960. It was conferred the autonomous status in July, 1987 and was among the first batch of colleges in Andhra Pradesh to become autonomous. It enjoys Grant-in-aid from the State Government, which covers salary payments to its teachers and non-teaching staff. It is administered by various committees formed according to UGC guidelines. The administrative heads are the Correspondent, the Principal and the Vice-principal.
The College had a modest beginning with only 6 teachers and 28 students has grown to 16 departments in languages, humanities and science. The College has been teaching Home Science as a separate discipline. It is running Intermediate courses as well, in the streams of Arts and Science. With rising demand for need-based and job-oriented courses, the College has introduced three new subjects viz. Office Management in the Faculty of Arts, Computer Science and Food Science and Quality Control in the Faculty of Science. The last two of these courses are self-financing. The College offers several enrichment courses outside the undergraduate programmes of study.
Today, St. Joseph's College for Women has a large campus with a Central Library, a Computer Centre, a dispensary, a large hostel and canteen. It has 778 students in the undergraduate classes and 47 teachers, the teacher-student ratio being 1:17. The students are mostly from Telugu-speaking middle class and lower middle class families and have come through the Intermediate Examination conducted by the Andhra Pradesh Board of Intermediate Education.
The College Management decided to apply for Assessment to the National Assessment & Accreditation Council in February 2001, for multiple reasons. While they intended to be assessed by an external agency, they are in search of directions for further excellence. The Council formed a peer team to visit and assess the institution, consisting of Dr. P. K. Chaudhuri, Director, School of Studies (Sc.), Netaji Subhas Open University and former Member Secretary, West Bengal State Council of Higher Education, as Chairman and Dr. M.N. Welling, Principal, Shri Rajasthani Seva Sangh College of Arts & Commerce, Andheri and Sr. Tina Farias, Principal, Loreto College, Calcutta, as members. Dr. Antony Stella, Adviser, NAAC, facilitated the peer team visit. The peer team visited the institution on August 1 & 2 and submits the present report.
Section II: Criterion-wise Report
Criterion I: Curricular Aspects
The College offers four programme options in BA, five in BSc including one with Food Science and Quality Control, a vocational subject. The BSc programme in Home Science, two of the combinations offered in BA that include Office Management and one in BSc with Computer Science are job-oriented. However, the College may introduce other career oriented programmes and course combinations.
The College also offers several enrichment courses, some of which are Family Life Education, Bakery, Soft Toy Making and First Aid & Home Nursing. The enrichment courses are designed to make the learners more useful in their personal and family lives and also to direct them to future vocations. Most of the courses are taught in English, excepting History, Economics and Politics in BA, where the medium of instruction is Telugu.
There are two notable features in the curricula, one of which is the Foundation Courses in General English, a second language, which can be Telugu, Hindi or French, and courses dealing with Women's Studies, Science and Society and Indian Heritage and Culture. These courses compliment the specialised knowledge acquired by the students in their elective subjects and provide basic language skill and orientation about the society they live in. The other is a group of General Electives comprising a rich variety of subjects ranging from Basic Mathematics, Household Chemistry, Spoken English and Basic Telugu to the application-oriented subjects like Horticulture, Embroidery and Clothing Construction. Besides, every department offers one or more special papers over and above those taught as compulsory papers under Andhra University. The College has overcome financial constraints in the introduction of new courses of study by making the B.Sc. with Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science and the B.Sc. (Vocational) with Food Science & Quality Control self-financing.
The College frames the curricula of new programmes and courses through respective Boards of Studies and Expert Committees. It does not need more than a year to introduce a new course. The Boards of Studies are formed according to guidelines of UGC and at least one fifth of the members are external to the College. In some cases the college has Joint Board of Studies for more than one subjects. The Boards also review and, if necessary, update the syllabi every year. The academic programmes are reviewed by the UGC Committee for Autonomy and the inspection committees of AU. However, the syllabi in many subjects need upgrading to be on par with national standards. Feedback from prospective employers may be obtained in respect of job-oriented courses.
Laboratory work is an important part of the curricula for all science departments. Some departments have fieldwork and project work as parts of curricula. While religious study is compulsory for Catholic students, value education is also an essential part of the education for non-Catholics. These, according to the perception of the College, are essential for the development of personality of the students. Participation in NCC or NSS or sports is a compulsory part of the curriculum, which also contributes to the mental and physical development of the students.
Criterion II: Teaching-learning and Evaluation
The College admits students to the first year of degree courses on the basis of their academic records and an interview. There is no system of judging the knowledge of students after admission nor of offering remedial courses for the weaker entrants. The department of English holds a preliminary test to divide the students into groups according to their skills in English and teaches at different levels accordingly. The College adopts a number of innovative teaching methods apart from classroom lecturing, which is still the principal mode of teaching. Presentations by guest lecturers, group discussions, project works, field works and surveys, visits to industrial sites, public speaking and seminars are some of these additional methods of teaching and learning.
The College allocates around 12% of its budget to academic programmes. There are 47 permanent teachers and 6 part-timers, the latter taking only a small fraction of the classes. While some departments have four or more teachers, the departments of Psychology, Office Management, Hindi and French consist of only one teacher each.
The College follows a semester system of instruction. The method of evaluation, as practised from 1987, is a combination of continuous assessment on relatively small parts of the syllabi and of end-term assessments with equal weightage on each. The continuous assessment includes an innovative method of evaluation, which can be on a project, journal reporting, model-making etc. depending on the subject. The College follows both central and door evaluation, selective re-evaluation of scripts and moderation of pass-fail ratio are common practice according to rules prevalent at Andhra University. The College is commended for the efficient and thorough system of evaluation.
Most of the teachers have either Ph.D. or M.Phil. to their credit. They are encouraged to attend refresher courses, seminars and workshops and many of them are in various academic and professional bodies. Their expertise is utilised by various academic bodies.
Teachers at St. Joseph's College for Women have ample scope of improving their knowledge and interacting with peers from other institutions through participation in conferences and workshops. More than half of the teachers have attended such programmes during the last two years and some have acted as resource persons. Teachers also have the opportunity to attend faculty development programmes. The fact that teachers are not encouraged to go on study leave due to problems of appointment of substitute lecturers is a matter that the college should try to remedy.
The College follows a self-appraisal method to evaluate the teachers but some form of formal analysis would help. Learner centred teaching would be enhanced if some formal method of student appraisal of staff was devised and used for improvement, and if bridge courses and remedial teaching were introduced to help the underachievers. The analysis of Examination results used to rectify problem areas is commendable especially in an autonomous college.
The College is assisted by an extension unit of AU which trains the students of Home Science and the vocational course. Centre for Development of French Studies in India helps the college in teaching French and International Union of Physical and Applied Chemistry has sponsored a project. The College is a member of All India Association of Christian Higher Education (AIACHE) which offers training for staff of its members institutions. Xavier Board which is the association of Catholic Institutions, assists the College in extension programs. However, the College does not have any linkages with industry for teaching and research programmes apart from the job placements during in-service training.
The College has derived a number of benefits from autonomy. It has updated the syllabi, introduced a multidimensional form of continuous assessment and has been able to introduce various activities in the teaching-learning process in a formal manner. The College has produced its own textbook and instruction manuals in many subjects. It has been able to improve its academic programmes, particularly the science practicals according to its own infrastructure and resources. The College has been able to frame its own academic calendar and adhere to it. Autonomy has also created a greater sense of responsibility among the staff and students. To summarise, autonomy has empowered the institution to give a concrete shape to its innovativeness and aspiration.
Criterion III: Research, Consultancy and Extension
St. Joseph's College for Women is essentially an undergraduate college and teachers have no opportunity of guiding research. A few faculty members engage themselves in research at their own initiative and regularly publish their work. Some of the teachers are registered for part-time M.Phil. or Ph.D. and two teachers have undertaken minor research projects funded by UGC. The college should however, encourage a research culture among the teachers.
The faculty members offer their expertise in various ways. They act as members of various Boards of Studies, inspection committees and professional bodies and serve as guest lecturers. The consultancy work does not, however, generate any resources for their parent institution.
The College participates in a rich spectrum of extension activities. Students as well as faculty members have taken part in the Janmabhoomi Programme launched by the Andhra Pradesh Government for the improvement of the quality of life of the slum-dwellers. The students keep their campus clean and green, plant saplings in neighbouring areas and motivate the slum-dwellers to keep their surroundings clean through a 'Clean and Green' Programme. They participate in the Literacy Mission, collect relief for flood, cyclone and war victims and are involved in various other activities aimed at the welfare of the society. The Home Science Department organises classes for women in the locality on Nutrition, Health Education, Handicrafts, Cookery etc. There is an Office Management Association and its members have presented a cultural show for prisoners. NCC cadets and NSS volunteers play leading roles in the extension activities of the College. Value education classes, which are a part of the curriculum, motivate all students to take part in the extension programmes.
Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources
St. Joseph's College for Women has a large campus of 7½ acres comprising a three-storied academic and administrative building, a three-storied Home science Block, a science lab building, a hostel and a library building providing more than 6000 sq. m. of covered area. The classrooms, laboratories and the library are spacious and well ventilated. The space available is sufficient for the present and adequate to meet future needs. There is a regular annual routine of repairs and maintenance, normally carried out during holidays. Sufficient funds for maintenance are allocated in the budget. The college does not have a master plan, which it should prepare for co-ordinated development in future.
The College operates only in the day shift. During holidays the College allows its classrooms to be used for holding competitive examinations.
The central library of the College is housed in a separate building. It is open on all working days from 8 AM. It has reprographic facility but no inter-library exchange facility or book bank. Some of the departments have departmental libraries, an example that the other departments may follow. The central library is in the process of computerisation. The library lacks the essential administrative efficiency in cataloguing, accession of new books and basic library services. Computerisation, internet usage and availability of CD ROMs are necessary.
The College does not have any central computer facility. It has 36 computers, most of them in the Laboratories of the departments of Computer Science and Office Management. The College is the licensed user of many software packages. Academic departments other than the Home Science department do not have access to any computer facility. It is suggested that teachers are given access to computers. They may be trained in the use of computers and encouraged to develop and use computer based teaching material.
The College has a small workshop equipped for maintenance work. It can handle electrical, carpentry and plumbing repair jobs.
The College has facilities for Basketball, Volleyball, Tennikoit, Handball, Throwball and Table-tennis besides some indoor games. There is scope for enhancement of sports facilities in the areas of athletics and major games. Although sports facilities were earlier restricted to students opting for sports only, recently such facilities have been made available to all students in response to their demand.
The College hostel provides accommodation for about 60 students. It has 54 furnished rooms, 30 of which are single-seated. There is a large dining hall, a study room, a prayer room and a small library. It provides recreational facility in the form of a television set, VCP and tape recorders. The hostel provides all meals for its boarders
There is no housing for staff in general but there are some residential quarters for members of the religious congregation managing the institution. The canteen within the campus is small but clean. It is used by staff and students for occasional snacks.
There is a dispensary within the campus for routine as well as emergency health care.
Criterion V: Student Support and Progression
Among the courses offered by St. Joseph's College for Women, demand for B.Sc. with Computer Science and B.A. with Office Management are predictably the highest. Humanities and Science courses in conventional subjects, which are not projected as job-oriented, have dwindling demand. The drop-out rate averaging 27% is rather high and is attributable to students switching over to professional colleges after delayed selections and admissions. The drop-out, which is a phenomenon observed all over the country, leads to wastage of valuable seats in good colleges.
The college regularly publishes its prospectus in which all the courses offered are listed along with fees, rules of conduct and facilities available. About 8% of all students admitted are from other states. The College had problems with overseas students in the past and does not admit such students at present.
There is, in general, no formal system of testing the academic level of students after admission though there is further scope for taking remedial action in respect of the weaker entrants.
Apart from Government scholarships for scheduled castes and tribes, backward classes and minorities, there are some scholarships and other aids awarded by the college management. About 22% of all students enjoy some kind of financial aid. Economically backward students are provided with free lunch and uniforms, which is consistent with the goals and objectives of the college.
There is provision for academic and personal counselling for the students. It is conducted by teachers of some departments who have volunteered to take this responsibility. There is no employment cell or career counselling. However, some organisations like the Food Craft Institute and Apollo Hospital approach the Department of Home Science for candidates when they have vacancies to fill up. The department encourages its graduates to become self-employed and some of them are known to have gone for self-employment. This, however, is not a general feature of the College.
The College has occasionally collected feedback from students on different aspects of its functioning. Some of these are positive and negative features of autonomy, adequacy of infrastructure, impact of the College on their study habits, the evaluation system and the staff, both teaching and non-teaching. The feedback are analysed to find percentages of students with specific opinions. The result of analysis of data collected in the year 2000 show that while the students are more or less satisfied, they have unhesitatingly pointed out some shortcomings. The college management has tried to identify the causes of students' dissatisfaction and intends to take corrective measures.
The alumni of the College, many of whom are in good positions, have not formed any association. The College is deprived of the benefits of assistance it could have received from such an association.
Criterion VI: Organisation and Management
St. Joseph's College for Women, with the status of an autonomous college conferred by the UGC, is managed by various committees formed according to UGC guidelines. It also enjoys the religious minority status and grant-in-aid from the state government. It is therefore subject to state government's control in financial matters.
The administration of the College is headed by the Correspondent, the Principal and the Vice-Principal. The Correspondent has complete financial responsibility of the College and is the authority to make policy decisions and correspond with the government in all financial and administrative matters. The Principal is the chief executive of academic matters and government programs, the motivator of students and staff of all categories and the driving force behind efforts of development, maintenance of academic standards and discipline. The Principal interacts with the university and UGC and maintains liaison between the Management, staff, students and public in general for procurement and best utilisation of resources. The Vice-Principal, apart from assisting the Principal as and when required, is responsible for campus discipline and students' welfare.
The Management deputes the Principal and other administrative staff, who are all members of the religious community, to seminars and various staff development programmes. The officers are also encouraged to improve their academic qualification.
The College keeps the unit cost of education low by employing just enough staff as are required and carrying out much of the maintenance work by its own staff. The fee structure for aided courses is as fixed by the state government. Course fees for self-financing courses are so fixed that they just cover the actual costs. The College has a system of internal audit.
A committee consisting of the Principal and three faculty members prepares the academic calendar keeping in view the minimum number of teaching days prescribed by UGC. Academic progress is reviewed from time to time and corrective measures are taken so as to stick to the calendar as closely as possible.
The College maintains confidential reports on administrative staff members. If any shortcoming is reported, the matter is taken up with the person concerned and the problem is solved through counselling.
Criterion VII: Healthy Practices
St. Joseph's College for Women is alive to the needs of higher education in the modern times which is evident from the fact that it is one of the first batch of colleges that opted for the autonomous status. Although the Management is conservative, they have introduced self-financing courses to get around the financial constraint against introducing need-based and job-oriented courses. Introduction of Office Management, conventionally taught in the Commerce stream, in the B.A. program is a successful innovation. The College has rightly selected Food Science and Quality Control as a vocational subject, making the best use of its strength in the particular field. The college is not favourably disposed to starting post-graduate courses excepting in Home Science since it aims to concentrate on quality undergraduate education and is concerned that starting PG programmes may lead to dissipation of efforts and duplication of facilities. With new areas of knowledge coming up, this stand may need reconsideration, but depending on the demand for programmes and combination of courses.
Language teaching is one of the areas of strength of the College. The innovative method of teaching General English at different levels according to the standard of the learner is beneficial for both the advanced and the weaker learner. The syllabus on English Major has been more relevant to today's need by the inclusion of Linguistics, Literary Criticism and contemporary literature by British, American and Indian writers. Use of films and audio cassettes as teaching aids enriches the learning experience of the students. The College has utilised its links with France through the parent religious organisation by introducing French as a subject of teaching. The department prescribes a standard text-book used internationally. The stress in the curriculum is on functionality and communication skills. Introduction of Linguistics and creative writing in the Telugu syllabus is a step in the right direction. Similarly, it is appreciable that the Department of Telugu has introduced Basic Telugu for students with a different vernacular to improve their functional knowledge of the language. The department of Hindi has also stressed on the functional aspect of the language. Apart from a novel and contemporary Hindi literature, the syllabus includes administrative and banking terms needed by students who may Seek administrative and clerical jobs in other states. A notable fact about the departments of French, Telugu and Hindi is that they have only one or two teachers and what they have achieved is due to their own resourcefulness and motivation supported by autonomy.
General Electives is a commendable feature of the undergraduate programs. Every department offers one or two subjects according to their own expertise for general students and the College does not need extra manpower.. Study of these subjects either enrich their basic knowledge or acquaint them to an area where they may find their future vocation. While Basic Mathematics, Basic Telugu and Spoken English belong to the first category, Horticulture, Basic Travel & Tourism and Embroidery are subjects that may lead to a vocation.
Being an undergraduate college, St. Joseph's College for Women cannot have a regular research program for its students. However, it encourages project work and thereby trains the students to work independently. A majority of the teachers have research experience and some are active research workers.
Both staff and students participate regularly in various extension programs. The programs conform to the mission of the College of serving the poor and at the same time, enrich the college life of the students and establish links between the College and the community.
The teachers of the College have earned a recognition as knowledgeable and resourceful academicians. They are called upon to various boards and committees and invited as resource persons to seminars and workshops. The College may publicise the expertise of its faculty members and offer consultancy services to external organisations.
The feedback from students give the impression that the College has been known for good discipline. In the present times of various forms of campus indiscipline, this is a feature that the parents appreciate and the students will admire after they leave the institution.
Section III: Overall Analysis
St. Joseph's College for Women was established to create an opportunity for higher education for women belonging to the middle and lower middle classes of the locality. It started with a stress on family life and wanted its graduates to be good home-makers. But with years, empowerment of women and job-orientation of education has gained importance in its agenda. It bears at the same time the stamps of discipline characteristic of institutions administered by Christian Missionaries and of autonomy conferred by the University Grants Commission.
The autonomy has provided an opportunity to the College of translating its aspirations into reality, through innovative academic curricula and methods of teaching and evaluation. The College has an infrastructure that serves its present needs. Financial constraints have restricted the college from building a stronger infrastructure and introducing only a few new undergraduate courses run in a self-financing mode.
Management of the College follows the pattern prescribed for autonomous colleges by UGC. It maintains the statutory reservation quotas for SC/ST/OBC students and gives a preference to Catholics for admission.
The College is essentially an undergraduate college and does not have any doctoral programs. However, there is a distinct effort for research among some teachers who try to instill the same in the students through projects. The college has diverse extension activities in which both staff and students participate.
The peer team, while appreciating the overall performance of the College, would like to make some suggestions to its Management. These are:
The College may once more attempt to start a post-graduate course, preferably leading to a Master's Degree in Home Science, which is one of the strongest departments of the College. If there are any subjects where seats in the post graduate departments of A.U. are too few to admit deserving applicants, the College may try to supplement post-graduate teaching in those subjects.
The College may consider offering diploma courses in subjects like Home Science, Food Science, Interior decoration and French on self-financing basis.
Academic departments should be provided with at least one computer for each department. Small departments like those of Telugu and Hindi can perhaps share one computer. The departments will be able to use the computers to prepare study material, question papers for class tests, question banks etc. They may also produce computer-based teaching aids. Efforts should be made to provide computer access to all students.
There is at present a trend among parents to seek admission for their wards in good colleges in other states. The College may receive applications from very bright candidates from outside Andhra Pradesh.
There are sixteen members of administrative staff, of whom only four have exposure to staff development programs. All members may be deputed for Administrative Training Programs.
Every department may be provided with a small library. The central library should be computerised for both cataloguing and issuing of books and linked with the departmental libraries.
The Grievance Redressal Cell should include representatives of teachers and non-teaching staff. The mechanism of grievance redressal should be made formal.
The alumni of the College should be invited to form an association. The association would be able to assist the College in establishing linkages, providing hands-on training for students of the vocational course, executing students' projects and building up infrastructure through donations.
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