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Tinsukia College, Tinsukia, Assam


Tinsukia College, Tinsukia, Assam
Tinsukia (District Tinsukia)
Assam, India
Pin Code : 786125

Tinsukia College, Tinsukia Assam is a recognised institute / college. Tinsukia College, Tinsukia Assam was established on / in 1956.

Principal of Tinsukia College, Tinsukia Assam is Dr. Bhuban Gogoi.

Tinsukia College is situated in Tinsukia of Assam state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Contact Person(s) of the Tinsukia College, Tinsukia Assam is (are): Coordinator: Dr. Satyendra Borah.


Tinsukia College, Tinsukia Assam runs course(s) in Degree, Commerce stream(s).
BA, B Com, B Sc

MA in Assamese
MA in English
MA/M.Sc in Economics
MA in History

Approval details: Tinsukia College is affiliated with Gauhati University, Guwahati (Gauhati)

Media coverage of Tinsukia College, Tinsukia Assam, Assam

NAAC report of Tinsukia College

Tinsukia, the district headquarters of the district of Tinsukia is an important commercial centre in the far eastern part of the State of Assam. The town has a heterogeneous population and abounds in Hindi- and Bengali-speaking people. Tinsukia College was established in September 1956, by a group of educationists with the support of the local people including businessmen. The College started with Arts and Commerce streams under affiliation to Gauhati University. The science stream was added in 1964 due to local demand. The College came under the affiliation of Dibrugarh University when the latter was established in 1965. It was recognised under section 12B of UGC Act since the inception of UGC and have been receiving UGC development grants. At present Tinsukia College is a co-educational degree college with an enrolment of nearly 1400 in the degree classes. It is covered by the deficit grant scheme of Assam Government and managed by a Governing Body formed according to Government Rules.

The College has seventeen departments, including those of English, Assamese, Bengali and Hindi. Assamese and English are taught as compulsory or Modern Indian Language (MIL) as well as Elective Pass and Major subjects, while the other languages are taught as MIL and Elective Pass subject only. There are four other subjects in humanities and eight subjects including Computer Science in the science stream. The Commerce stream offers two Major options in B.Com. and B.Com. (General) with a vocational subject. The College also runs the Higher Secondary course under the Assam Higher Secondary Education Council.

Teaching at Tinsukia College follows the conventional lecture method, supplemented by occasional use of overhead projector and field trips. The teacher student ratio is about 1: 20. The number of teaching days is 180 per year according to Academic Calendar.

Many teachers have doctorate and M.Phil. degrees and have research experience, but there is not much of research activity in the College. Seven teachers are engaged in part-time research. The College has a Publication Board that publishes the proceedings of seminars conducted in the College in the form of books. Some departments bring out periodicals containing articles on respective subjects. Both teachers and students are active in extension work related to community development, relief and health awareness.

The infrastructure of the College is nearly adequate for the enrolment of nearly 1400 in the undergraduate classes and another 1100 in the Higher Secondary stream. Apart from administrative and academic spaces, it has facilities for indoor games and hostels for boys and girls. It has a large library with about 31,500 books.

The College is managed by a Governing Body formed according to the rules of the State Government, which also provides grant-in-aid to cover the deficit of funds. It raises funds only through fees collected from students. Tuition fees for the aided undergraduate programmes are very moderate. The College receives no donations.

Students of the College have a pass rate of about 90% in the final university examinations. The College identifies several of its alumni occupying prominent positions as administrators, teachers, businessmen and professionals, but does not maintain records of progression of the ex-students. It has an Alumni Association, which plays an active role in the development of the College.

Tinsukia College applied to the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) for assessment in January, 2003. A Peer Team consisting of Prof. P. K. Chaudhuri, Ex-Member Secretary, West Bengal State Council of Higher Education, as Chairman, Prof. S. Dutta, Prof. Of History and Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Arunachal University and Fr. Dr. P. J. Victor SJ, Principal St. Joseph's College, Darjeeling, as Members, was formed by NAAC to visit and assess the college. Prof. Chaudhuri acted as the Convenor of the Team as well. The Peer Team visited the College on February 6 and 7, 2004, interacted with the Principal of the College and the Management. The Team met members of staff, teaching as well as non-teaching as also students and representative groups of parents and alumni. The Members visited all departments and facilities. The present Report is based on information collected from the Self-Study Report, various interactions, examination of documents and validation of facts and figures.

Criterion-wise Report :
Criterion I: Curricular Aspects
The principal objective of Tinsukia College is to provide quality education at undergraduate level to students of varying academic abilities. It also aims at employability of its students, providing value-based education and sensitizing the students about culture, tradition and national integrity.

The College offers BA, BSc and BCom programmes, each with many major and elective options. The Arts faculty offers eight subjects, viz. English, Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, History, Economics, Political Science and Philosophy, all taught as Elective Pass subjects. The Modern Indian Languages, Assamese, Bengali and Hindi, of which a student has to opt for one, and English are offered as core subjects for all three streams. The English department teaches a course on Alternative English in lieu of MIL and all the Arts subjects, excepting Bengali and Hindi, are offered at Major levels. The Science Faculty consists of eight subjects viz. Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Botany, Zoology, Geography, Statistics and Computer Science. Geography and Statistics are available to Arts students also, while Economics is offered in B. Sc. as well. All the science subjects are offered at both Elective Pass and Major levels. A student of BA or BSc has to study three elective subjects, one of which may be at Major level. The Commerce stream offers four programmes. These are B.Com. ( General), B.Com. (General) with vocational course on 'Office Management & Secretarial Practice' , B.Com. with Major in Accountancy and B.Com. with Major in Business Management.
The College runs several self-financing Certificate Courses in Computer Applications of six months to one year' duration in collaboration with Tata Infotech Education.

The programmes offered by the College prepare the students for various competitive examinations, clerical jobs and employment as school teachers. However, the vocational course on 'Office Management & Secretarial Practice', the major programmes in B.Com. and the Certificate Courses in Computer Applications are especially job-oriented and may provide avenues of self-employment. The programmes have limited flexibility in respect of time-frame and horizontal mobility. There are large numbers of elective options but no non-core options. There is little interdisciplinary approach in the dispensation of the courses. The courses are designed by the affiliating university and the College has no liberty in designing the programmes or introducing innovations in curricula. It can introduce new subjects and programmes with the permission of the University. However, the process is a lengthy one and may take two years or more for implementation.

Criterion II: Teaching-Learning and Evaluation
Tinsukia College admits students broadly on the basis of results in the Higher Secondary Examination. However, for admission to major courses, the cut-off marks are usually 5% higher than those for general elective courses and a student has to pass through a selection test . The numbers of applicants are usually about twice the number of seats for each subject, excepting that in the case of Computer Science, for which the number is five times the number of seats.

The College does not have any mechanism to judge the merit of the students after admission and does not arrange any remedial coaching for the weaker students. On the other hand, though the teachers take care of the more advanced students, they are not given any additional tasks as challenges.

The College has 212 working days in a year but the number of teaching days is 180 according to the Academic Calendar. In the year 2003, the College could have only 154 teaching days. 23 teaching days were lost due to 'bandh's called by various organizations, while the College had to be closed from 19.11.03 to 5.12.03 due to curfew imposed in the district of Tinsukia following large scale communal violence. A large number of teaching days were also lost due to suspension of classes during examinations. The College works in two shifts. The first, from 8 AM to 3.30 PM is for students studying at Major level, while the second shift from 1 PM to 4.30 PM is for Arts and Commerce students studying at Pass level only.

The College has 66 permanent teachers, lady teachers forming about 30% of the total strength. Ten teachers have doctorate degrees while five have M.Phil. to their credit. In addition there are 12 temporary teachers. all of whom have the post-graduate degree as their highest qualification. The average workload of the whole-time teachers is 22 lectures per week, which is within the UGC norm. The teachers have started preparing annual teaching plans from the year 2003. They also maintain classroom diaries where the topic covered, teaching aids used, students' activity, home assignments etc. are noted.

The syllabi are unitized and the units are distributed among faculty members. The College makes use of various teaching methods apart from the conventional lecture method. Some departments use overhead projectors and other audio-visual methods. Seminars and tutorial classes are held to supplement the lectures. The College encourages students to prepare wall magazines. The departments of English, Bengali, Hindi, Assamese, Philosophy and Physics publish newsletters to encourage creative writing by students. There are Societies in several departments to encourage academic activities in respective subjects. The Assamese department has a literary society named Sahitya Chara, the Economics department has the North East Economic Forum, the Physics department has the Physical Science Forum and the Zoology department has a 'Life Study Hive'. An English Forum and a Chemical Society have been set up by the departments of English and Chemistry respectively. There is also a College Science Society to discuss issues related to scientific developments.

In the Three Year Degree Course under Dibrugarh University, University examinations are held at the end of every year. The College holds two to four Unit Tests every year and a preparatory test preceding each University examination. The schedule and nature of examinations are communicated to the students through the prospectus and the College Notice Board.

Teachers are recruited by the College Governing Body against vacant or newly created posts according to UGC guidelines. The posts are advertised and selection is made by an Interviewing Board formed by the College, which includes two nominees of the University Vice-Chancellor and two other experts out of a panel nominated by the Vice-Chancellor. The Board prepares a panel of candidates, from which the College makes appointment after obtaining the approval of the State Director of Higher Education. During the last three years, the College has recruited eight teachers of whom all are from the State of Assam and all recruitments have been according to the recommendations of the respective selection committees. The College can also appoint temporary and part-time teachers. However, such teachers are not covered by the deficit grant scheme of the Government and the College pays their salaries from its own fund. The College gives preference to local candidates and especially to its ex-students in such appointments.

The teachers of Tinsukia College do not regularly attend National or International seminars and conferences. During the last three years, only 9 teachers attended National Conferences and Seminars. However, they often join Refresher Courses and Orientation Programmes. As many as 35 and 27 teachers were benefitted by Orientation Programmes and Refresher Courses during the last two years. They submit self-appraisal reports to the Principal. The departments occasionally organize seminar lectures by eminent experts, which benefit the teachers and students.

Criterion III: Research, Consultancy and Extension
Tinsukia College, basically an undergraduate affiliated college, does not have a research culture. There are no on-going research projects at the College. The College has no provision for funding research. However, the College encourages research by sanctioning Study Leave and adjusting class routines to suit the needs of the researchers. Ten of its teachers have undertaken research leading to Ph.D. and five have obtained the M.Phil. degree. Five teachers of the College are registered for Ph.D. The teachers of the College provide no consultancy. However, two teachers lend their services to Sports Organisations at the State level in respect of Cricket and Athletics.

The College undertakes extension work in diverse areas. The teachers of Tinsukia College undertook a programme of helping the flood-affected weavers of some nearby villages by providing yearn and selling their products. The College has conducted an awareness programme for the local youth about AIDS and runs a detoxification programme for opium-addicted people with assistance from the United Nations Drug Control Programme. The College has organised Health Camps in collaboration with the State Directorate of Health. The teachers also participate in programmes related to environment and conservation of natural resources. The Assam Science Society has a branch at Tinsukia College. All science teachers and 55 students are members of the Society. The Society undertakes programmes to popularize science among the common people and provide training to high school science teachers. The teachers involve students in their extension work. The College had one NSS Unit which has been disbanded due to discontinuance of funds.

The College has one Army Unit of NCC with 80 cadets. The cadets participated in a social service camp organized in the College campus in September, 2003. One cadet joined a National Integration Camp at Dibrugarh University in October, 2003. Three cadets from the College participated in the Republic Day Camp in New Delhi in the year 2001.

One girl student of the College participated in the World Youth Peace Summit organized by the International association of Human Values held at Bangalore.

Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources
Tinsukia College has a large campus area measuring 5.89 acres with five separate buildings. Apart from large classrooms, laboratories and an administrative area, the College has a Central Library, a large auditorium, and a canteen, playground for badminton and volleyball and hostels for girls. Each of the academic departments including those in the Arts Faculty has its own sitting room. Nine departments have bookshelves donated by one teacher of Political Science. It also has a boys' hostel nearby on about 1.5 acres of land, which has been shut down temporarily in view of recent disturbances. The College is equipped with a photocopier, overhead projectors, typewriters to be used for the vocational course on Office Management and Secretarial Practice, Public Address System and a small astronomical telescope.

The College maintains its infrastructure by earmarking a part of the development fund for maintenance. Two sweepers are employed by the College to keep the campus clean and a gardener to maintain and develop its gardens and plantation. Students also assist the college authority in beautification of the campus.

A Library Committee manages the Central Library of the College. The Library is open on all working days of the College from 8 AM to 4 PM. It has about 31.5 thousand books and offers Book Bank facility. It has a computer and the cataloguing is presently under computerization. All departments have departmental libraries and some have their own Book Banks. The Central Library is not connected to any other library.

The College does not have a computer centre. However, the department of Computer Science has six PCs and the departments of Physics and Commerce have their own computers. The College allows Tata InfoTech Education to run Certificate Courses using the computers in the Computer Science department. It receives 35% of the fees received from the students. The computers are maintained by a computer engineer on the basis of maintenance contract.

The College has a girls' hostel housed in a two-storied building with 125 boarders, including 23 from outside Assam. It has a colour TV set for the boarders. Although there is no medical centre, a Medical Officer visits the hostel and the College has an arrangement with a local nursing home for emergency cases. The building of the boys' hostel, located about three km away from the College, is being used at present as a detoxification centre for opium addicts.

The College encourages sports activities. It has a gymnasium and facilities for indoor games, including table tennis. Students of the College have access to the indoor stadium and sports equipment of the local Tinsukia Sports Association through a Memorandum of Understanding between the College and the Association. Students showing excellent performance in sports are rewarded with awards in both cash and kind. However, there has not been any participation of the College students in meets at regional or higher levels during the last year. The College has a small gymnasium with bench press, parallel bars and weight-lifting equipment.

The College allows its infrastructure to be used by external agencies. The College Computer Centre is used by Tata Infotech Education, a private organisation to run self-financing courses on Computer Applications. The auditorium and open spaces are used for holding Book Fair and Cultural Competitions. The College premises serve as a despatching and counting centre at the time of general elections.

Criterion V: Student Support and Progression
Tinsukia College publishes its updated prospectus every year before the commencement of admissions. The prospectus contains information on programmes and courses offered, fee structure, the academic calendar, facilities for students and other relevant matters. The College also invites applications for admission through advertisements in state level dailies.

The College has an enrolment of 1400 in the undergraduate degree classes, of which about 2.5% are from outside the State. The self-financing courses on Computer Applications have an enrolment of 77, with only 12 students from outside Assam. There are no overseas students and the College does not have any specific policy for such students. The admission is based on academic records of the students. However, major courses are offered on the basis of performance of the students in selection tests.

About 93.5% of the students admitted appear at the University examination after the usual three years of study. The dropout rate is around 6.5%. The College does not maintain records of progression of the students into post-graduate and research programmes, the NET conducted by UGC and CSIR or any similar examinations.

The College awards free-studentships and book-grants to poor and meritorious students on its own. Government of India Merit scholarships are available to the students of the College but no student received such scholarship during the last two years. Stipends are awarded by the Governments of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur etc. for students from the respective states. One student from Arunachal Pradesh received such stipend in the year before last.

The College does not have any employment or placement cell. There is no formal system of career counselling though the teachers offer academic and personal counselling in an informal manner.

The College has an Alumni Association formed in October 2002. Many of the alumni occupy prominent positions in the society as politicians, Government Officer, Scientist, college and university teachers, medical practitioners, Chartered Accountants, businessmen and industrialists. The alumni come forward to the assistance of the College in its development. It has constructed an auditorium, the first floor of the girls' hostel and a part of the boys' hostel building. It is also planning to construct a library building.

Criterion VI: Organisation and Management
A Governing Body (GB) formed according to the Assam Aided College Management Rules manages the College. The GB consists of five nominees of the State Government, two teachers' representatives, one representative of the non-teaching staff, two nominees of the affiliating University, donor's nominees and a few other members including the Vice Principal. The Principal is the Member Secretary of the GB. One of the members is nominated by the State Government as the President of the GB and in case of Tinsukia College, the post is held by the local MLA.

The College has a participative administration and much of the administrative responsibility is shouldered by Committees with specific functions. The College has Admission Committees for the Arts, Science and Commerce streams, all chaired by the Vice-Principal but having different convenors and members. There is an Academic Committee to prepare the academic calendar, supervise the teaching process, conduct the selection and unit tests and give suggestions on holding seminars and workshops. The Library Committee is chaired by the Principal and is in charge of maintaining and developing the library. The College has a Grievance Redressal Cell. Grievances are submitted in writing by putting them in a box placed in a prominent location. The Cell examines the grievances, makes enquiry and suggests redressals in an unbiased manner. In addition, there is a Disciplinary Action Committee to ensure discipline within the campus and take action as and when needed. The Committee, among other things, deals with cases of ragging, smoking and drug use within the College premises.

The College runs under the deficit-financing scheme of the Assam Government, under which it receives the amount required to pay the salaries of all approved staff over and above the tuition fee collected from the students. The fees charged by the College are moderate. The basic tuition fee ranges from Rs 720 to 840 p.a. for different undergraduate programmes. A student also has to pay laboratory fees and other fees amounting to Rs. 750 p.a. The girls' hostel has a seat rent of Rs.960 and the mess charges come to Rs. 6000 per year.

The College has a system of Internal Audit that covers the general as well as all subsidiary funds of the College. Work of office staff is monitored by the Superintending Assistant as well as the Principal.

Criterion VII: Healthy Practices
Tinsukia College offers a large number of subjects in Humanities and Science. It is also sensitive to the need for diversification of studies in the Commerce Stream and offers four different options in the B.Com. programme, including one with a vocational course. The College also provides an opportunity of learning Computer Applications by running Computer courses in collaboration with a private organisation.

The College adopts diversified and learner-centred methods of teaching-learning. The classroom teaching is supplemented by seminars, tutorials, occasional use of overhead projectors and field trips.

The College often invites scholars from Dibrugarh University, Centre for Environment Education and other external organizations to deliver lectures on diverse topics.

The College does not have playgrounds for major games like Football and Cricket. It has partly compensated for the deficiency by entering into an MOU with a sports association that allows the students to use their facilities.

The College has a participative management. The Principal is assisted by many committees with specific responsibilities in discharging the administrative duties.

The College has some extension work conducted mainly by the teachers, through 'Prabahan', which organizes detoxification camps, and through the College Branch of Assam Science Society.

Section III : Overall Analysis
Tinsukia College was established by the local people in the nineteen fifties to serve the far eastern part of the State of Assam. The College has later introduced the science stream and a need-based course on Computer Science.

The College attempts to infuse learner-centred methods of teaching through seminars, project work, educational tours and varied activities of some academic associations. However, the good efforts of the faculty are not fully rewarded in the form of equally good results of the students at University examinations.

The College tries to impart value-based education to the students by organizing personality development programmes in collaboration with Vivekananda Kendra and other external organizations. Students are encouraged to participate in debates, deliver extempore speeches and join in social work.

The College does not have a research culture of its own. However, several teachers are engaged in research and publish papers. Some teachers are part-time research scholars working for Ph.D. The teachers do not offer any formal consultancy. There is a wide range of extension activity, conducted by the teachers, which includes awareness programmes on environment, health and hygiene and Literacy Programme.

The College has limited space in its campus. With financial constraints that are faced almost universally, it attempts to make best use of the existing facilities. The Computers are put to various uses to generate funds. The College allows its infrastructure to be used by external agencies, which helps the College to raise much-needed funds.

The administration of the College is transparent and the teachers have active roles to play in it. Although the Governing Body is in overall control of the administration, every important aspect of the academic and financial administration is looked after by respective committees.

The Peer Team, after considering all aspects of academic activities and administration of the College, likes to make the following recommendations for further improvement of the institution.

The College may consider introducing courses on Communicative English, General Knowledge and Current Affairs, Numerical Skills etc. that would equip the students for facing interviews. It may also try to introduce career-oriented subjects like Tourism and Travel Management, which can be taught largely by teachers of History, Geography and Commerce Departments. Similarly, the College may introduce a course on Repair and Maintenance of Electronic Appliances with participation of teachers of Physics.

The College may explore the possibility of starting post graduate teaching in subjects which are not taught at P.G. level at Dibrugarh University or where number of seats at the University is inadequate to meet the demands.

The College may approach the Dibrugarh University authorities and make an effort to revamp its NSS activities. More extension activities involving students may be undertaken utilizing grants from UGC and other funding agencies.

The College may try to develop multidisciplinary teaching and interdepartmental cooperation in teaching and research. Different language departments may join hands to take up activities like translation work.

The departments of Economics, English and Geography, which have lower success rate of students, may organize more tutorials to improve the students' performance.

The department of Philosophy may be entrusted with the responsibility of imparting Value Education through organizing lectures on Environmental Ethics, Human Rights, Secularism, National Integration, Women's Empowerment, Dignity of labour etc.

Due to various reasons, the number of actual teaching days is much below the UGC norm. The College may try to make up for this deficiency by taking extra classes.

The College authority may try to provide access to computers for all teachers, including those of languages. In particular, the departments of Economics, Mathematics and Statistics may be provided with computers, which they can use as teaching aids as well as for research.

The College Library, though large and organized, needs more Reading Room space for students. It may subscribe to at least one professional journal in each of the subjects taught. The Library may be equipped with a computer available to students and build up a stock of educational CDs. The Library Committee may consult departments to determine the need of new titles and latest editions and take steps accordingly.

The College may try to provide personal counselling and career counselling for the benefit of the students. The College may also set up an Employment Cell.

The Peer Team takes this opportunity to express its appreciation of the co-operation received from the institution in carrying out the work of assessment. The team wishes a bright and fruitful future for Tinsukia College.

(P. K. Chaudhuri)

(S. Dutta)

(P. J. Victor)

(S. Chakraborty)

Rare avian species facing extinction threat

TINSUKIA, Nov 15 – Situated in the extreme east of the State and 13 km north of Tinsukia city, Dibru-Saikhowa is one of the bio-diversity hotspots of the country. But rare avian species have been facing the threat of extinction here. If people are not aware about the need to conserve all this, soon the area will lose this rich bio-diversity as well as diverse avifauna in the coming years.

Being the centre of endemic avian species of Assam, all grasslands of the Brahmaputra valley are ecologically important because almost all endangered species are breeding and living on the grasslands here. And the grass land of Dibru-Saikhowa are not only ecologically important but also are home to the endemic birds of the State such as the Black breasted Parrot Bill (Paradoxornis flavirastrs) Marsh Babbler (Pellorneum Pulestre) and Manipur Bush Quail (Perdicula Manipurensis). These are the three species that have been exclusively identified by Bombay National History Society ( BNHS) in their bird area programme for Assam. But during the survey, conducted by Ranjan Kumar Das, a senior lecturer of Geography of Tinsukia College by profession and an ornithologist who also got recognition for his photographs on birds from Oriental Bird Club (OBC) of England in the last couple of years not a single sighting of Manipur Bush Quail was recorded while sighting of Black breasted Parrot Bill were very rare.

With about 484 species of avifauna, 36 mammalian species 62 aquatic species, 105 species of butterflies, it covers an area of about 340 sq kms as core area along with 425 sq kms as buffer zone. Bordered by the Brahmaputra on its northern side and Dibru river on its south, Dibru-Saikhowa was declared as National Park in 1999 under the provision of Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.

This is the National Park which is generally open for tourists for 12 months in a year. The avifauna species of Dibru-Saikhowa National Park includes Great Crested Grebe, Grey Heron, Large Whistling Griffon Vulture, Osprey, Spot Billed Pelican among which White Winged Duck, Black breasted Parrot Bill and Bengal Florican are the main attraction fortourists – both domestic and foreign, said sources of the Forest department. All though it is kept open through out the year, the number oftourists especially bird watchers rises between November to April as it becomes a harbour of migratory birds too.

However this avian population is facing threat extinction due to presence of Laika (covering 18.3 sq kms) and Dadhia (covering 28.5 sq kms) forest villages in the core. It is worth mentioning that the villages of Laika and Dadhia are the major concern for conservation activists at the National Park which is already reeling under severe anthropogenic pressure. Dibru-Saikhowa was given National Park status without shifting these villages elsewhere outside the park. On the one hand, the villagers here are deprived of their privileges as envisaged in the rules for establishment and control of forest villages under section 72 (C ) 74 and 75 of Assam Forest Regulation Act 1891, and on the other hand, they are allegedly involved in illegal activities like poaching, poisoning in water bodies, timber smuggling within the National Park as the means of livelihood.

Moreover presence of Khutis in the fringe of core exerts a continuous pressure on grass land, thereby rendering the habitat unfit for wild herbivores. A few years back, Raidang Grassland was inhabited by one of the endemic species Black breasted Parrot Bill. But the heavy gazing by cattle in these areas, has affected the bird population.

Besides, natural calamity by all the rivers is another important matter that threatens the National Park. According to records, the park has lost 93 sq kms (approx) area due to erosion.

The Divisional Forest Officer, Tinsukia Dr Vaibhav. C Mathur, expressed his regret on extremely dismal manpower scenario and rapid extension of Laika and Dadhia village. With a strength of 19 permanent staff and 12 camps, lack of proper infrastructure, it is very difficult to manage a 340 sq. kms area, he said and added that lack of support from local organisation hampers eco development activities and also erratic release of funds makes management discontinuous and unsustainable.

Law and order situation in the buffer zone and the looming threats of insurgency also hampers works to a considerable extent. The timber mafia is very active in the region and illegally felled logs from Arunachal Pradesh make their way along the southern boundary of the park. The DFO also informed that they require more staff and camps for effective supervision and protection of the park.

Summary: Tinsukia College, Tinsukia Assam website, mobile, contact address and approval / recognition details.