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Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal
Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal
Address:181, Bidhan Sarani, Kolkata - 700006, West Bengal
Kolkata (Calcutta) (District Kolkata (Calcutta))
West Bengal, IndiaPin Code : 700006
Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta) is a recognised institute / college.
Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta) is situated in Kolkata (Calcutta) of West Bengal state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Website of Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta) is http://www.bethunecollege.ac.in/.
Contact Details of Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta) are : Telephone: 22571712, 22411731
Courses offered in Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta)B.A Bengali(G), English(G+H), Sanskrit(G+H), Philosophy(G+H), Arabic(G+H), Urdu(G+H), Persian(G+H), Political Science (G+H), History(G+H)
B.Sc Economics(G+H), Mathematics(G+H), Botany(G+H), Psychology(G), Physics(G+H), Chemistry(G+H), Zoology(G+H), Computer Science(G+H)
Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta) runs course(s) in Arts, Computer Applications, Science stream(s).
Bethune College is affiliated with University of Calcutta, Kolkata (Calcutta)
Profile of Bethune CollegeBethune College, the first college to play a historic role in the cause of womens education in Bengal , started as the Hindu Female School and blossomed into the Bethune School on 7 May 1849. Its founding father, John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune, himself a graduate from Trinity College, Cambridge and the Fourth Wrangler, had arrived in India in April 1848 as the Law Member of the Governor Generals Council. He also held the post of the President of the Council of Education. In his pioneering zeal to promote womens education, he received the support of some enlightened Indians like Pandit Madan Mohan Tarkalankar , Ram Gopal Ghosh, Raja Dakshina Ranjan Mukherjee. Pandit Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar, “The Traditional Moderniser” was the Secretary of the Managing Committee of the Institution and also one of its chief patrons.
Media coverage of Bethune College, Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal
NAAC report of Bethune CollegeSECTION - I . INTRODUCTION
Bethune College, Kolkata (W.B.) submitted its self study report in January. 2006 for assessment to National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) for which a peer team has been constituted by the Council to visit the college and validate the self study report. The peer team consisting of Prof. S.F. Patil, Vice-Chancellor, Bharati Vidyapeeth, (Deemed University), Pune, as Chairman, Prof. M. Gangadhara Rao Director, College of Management Studies, GITAM, Visakapatnam, as Member - Co-ordinator; Prof. Chitralekha Chouhan, Principal, Government M.H.College of Home Science and Science (autonomous) for women, as Member and Dr. M. S. Shyamasunder, Deputy Advisor, NAAC, as Co-ordinating Officer visited the College on 29th and 30th March ,2006. The team, based on the information furnished in Self-Study Report, interactions with Principal, Members of governing body, coordinators, faculty members, non-teaching staff, students, parents and alumni and after verifying the necessary documents presents the following report.
Bethune college for women is the first ever institution established in India and probably in Asia for women education in June 1879. This college has celebrated its 125th year in 2004. It started with one single student initially with faculty of Arts and now it has the strength of 877 with both Arts and science faculties. The college is recognized by U.G.C. under 2( f ) in 1956 and 12 (B) in 1972. The total area of the college including the playground is 8926 sqm. The college is running U.G. programmes in B.Sc. (Hons.) in 8 subjects, B.Sc. (Gen.) in one subject; B.A. (Hons) in 7 subjects and B.A. (Gen.) in Hindi as well as P.G. programmes in botany and zoology subjects.
The college is a government college and is affiliated to Calcutta University. Being the oldest college, It could have introduced many self-financing Diploma and Certificate programmes. Further, it could have introduced PG programmes in various subjects and at research level.
It is commendable to note that examination results are extremely good with large number of first classes and several university ranks. The personal counselling service rendered by the department of Psychology is worth praising. It is also to be noted that the college could generate significant amount of funds from the society.
The college has 57 permanent teaching staff; two temporary teachers, 36 part time teachers and 17 guest lecturers. It has 48 non-teaching staff including 17 technical staff. Out of 57 permanent teachers, 30 hold Ph.D degree and eight are M.Phil holders. Out of 36 part time teachers, 8 posses Ph.D. Similarly out of 17 Guest lecturers, 15 are Ph.D holders. The ratio of part time teachers to full time teachers is very high. The college authority and the state government may take appropriate steps to fill the permanent vacancies.
The college has number of support services such as central library, computer center, sports facility, housing, canteen, counselling cell, vehicle parking, LAN etc. The college has several collaborative linkages with national institutes of repute.
The unit cost of education with salary comes to Rs. 26,835/- and without salary Rs. 1,409/-.
SECTION - II CRITERION WISE ANALYSIS.
CRITERION - I : CURRICULAR ASPECTS :
The college offers B.Sc. (Hons.) degree course in eight subjects- Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Zoology, Botany, Economics, Psychology, Computer Science; B.A. (Hons) degree in seven subjects - English, Bengali, Sanskrit, History, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology and general courses in Statistics and Hindi. Post graduate degree courses are offered in two science subjects - Botany and Zoology from the year 2005-06. The college is working towards achieving goal of 'development of a complete woman' through various academic and extra curricular activities. They have a system of seeking feedback from the university teachers regarding the performance of Bethune College students. Based on this feedback, they bring changes in their teaching methods. This practice is worth praising It takes about six months to one year to introduce any new programme. The college has privilege to excercise partial autonomy for running P.G. Courses granted by Calcutta University. They are authorised to issue mark sheets and degree certificates to the students on successful completion of the courses. Departments of Botany, Chemistry, Physics and Zoology of this college have collaborations with different research laboratories. All the departments have modular curricula. Interdisciplinary approach is also adopted for the benefit of the students. Libraries of Science and Arts are fully computerized and all computers in the libraries have multi-user software. All honours departments have computers and they are linked with the library. All the departments are linked through LAN as well. The College has internet facility, an archive, herbariums of age old plants, fossils and astronomical telescope.
Bethune College is affiliated to the Calcutta University, and as such, it follows the curriculam framed by them.
CRITERION - II
TEACHING-LEARNING AND EVALUATION :
Students of this college are selected for admission into different academic programmes based on their academic records and for seeking admission into English and Botany honours programmes, they have to undergo a written test. The entire admission process is transparent. The reservation rules prescribed by the government are strictly followed. The cut off marks for admission for various courses are very high reflecting on the quality of students and reputation of the college. The college provides books and financial aids to the weaker students. Advanced learners of the college are provided with reference text books and journals. Inter-disciplinary seminars are conducted, and extension lectures are organised. Meritorius students are encouraged by giving summer fellowships, stipends and prizes. All the departments of the college have term-specific teaching plan which is prepared at the beginning of each term. They also have a system of maintaining departmental progress record book, which remains with the Principal.
The college observes learner - centered teaching methods such as audio visual presentation, student seminar, tutorial, academic tour, field work, group discussion, wall magazines etc. along with normal lecture method. They also have OHPs, slide projectors, CDs for display on computer, LCD etc. The college has 198 teaching days and work load of each teacher comes to 22 - 25 hours per week. The evaluation methods are communicated to the students through the student academic calendar and students are regularly evaluated through monthly tests for honours subjects and mid term tests for general subjects. The college also monitors the overall performance of the students through regular departmental meetings and parents/guardians' - teachers' meet.
It being the government college, the recruitment of teachers is done through the West Bengal Public Service Commission. The college enjoys the freedom of appointing two full time teachers from its own funds. During the last two years, 48 teachers have participated in National Seminars and ten of them have gone as resource persons. Seven teachers participated in International Seminars and one of them has participated as resource person. It is worth noting that twenty seven teachers and two librarians have undergone computer training programme.
The college has a system of self-appraisal on monthly basis. The feedback from the students is also taken at the end of the session to find out their problems and efforts are made to sort them out. Periodically seminars and workshops are also organized by the college for the development of its faculty. Four teachers are amongst the beneficiaries of the workshops and seven of them have attended refresher courses and orientation courses; Three eminent teachers have received awards from reputed organizations. One of the teachers is working on a collaborative project in association with UGC and DAE. Large number of teachers of this college are the paper setters, moderators and evaluators of examinations of the Calcutta University.
CRITERION - III
RESEARCH, CONSULTANCY AND EXTENSION :
The college encourages teachers for carrying out research work by giving them study leave, library and laboratory facility of the college. The college teachers are pursuing seven minor and one major project with an outlay of Rs. 3.8 lakhs and Rs. 2.9 lakhs respectively. Two minor projects with an outlay of Rs. 1 lakh are already completed. However the departments of chemistry, physics and mathematics do not have any research projects. Sixty four percent teachers are actively engaged in research activities. Eight teachers have submitted proposals for minor research projects to UGC. It is worth mentioning that teachers have published twelve books and 125 papers/articles in the last five years. Further a teacher in English department has guided two M.Phil students and two more Ph.D students are working under her guidance. Although the college doesn't run any consultancy service, yet some of the teachers have engaged themselves in giving consultancy on individual basis. The college authorities may encourage teachers to undertake consultancy in the areas of their interest for generating resources for the college.
The college undertakes several extension services. They have a committee constituted for this purpose and activities are being carried out in various areas like - community development, social work, medical camps, health and hygiene activities, blood donation camp, environmental awareness progamme etc. The college students conduct coaching classes for poor street children in vacations. Further, social work is being carried out in SOS children villages and free medical camps are organised with the help of some NGO's. One of the teachers act as a NSS Officer. Teachers are encouraged to work with NGO's for the benefit of distressed and under privileged sections of the community.
CRITERION - IV
INFRASTRUCTURE AND LEARNING RESOURCES :
The college has four buildings providing spacious class rooms, laboratories, libraries etc. for the smooth running of the present programmes. Apparently there is no additional space available for introduction of new academic programmes at UG and PG levels. A new satellite campus which is under consideration of the college and the State Govt. may be actively pursued to accomodate the developmental programmes of the college. Being a Govt. Institution, the maintainance of the present infrastructure is being carried out by P.W.D. The college encourages the use of its academic facilities by external agencies. Their libraries and archive are used by various researchers. To keep the campus beautiful and pollution free, various measures have been taken by the college; lot of plantation has been done and the entire area is well maintained. The garden of the college is maintained by botany department.
The college has two central libraries and it is worth noting that they are fully computerised. They have a multi user library software under client server connected by LAN to various departments. They also have micro films of old and rare books in the library. The college has added around 808 books and a few journals to their libraries in the last two years. The total number of books in the libraries are 75,466. However, the libraries of Arts and Science need to be strengthed by acquiring more reference books, latest editions of text books and research journals. The central libraries may also have reprographic facilities, audio visual cassettes. The working hours of libraries are also need to be extended to improve their usuage further. The faculty members have taken initiative in establishing departmental libraries with reasonable number of books for the benefit of students.
The college may take initiative in expanding the facilities for indoor and outdoor games and sports in its proposed satellite campus. The college may plan to build its own hostel by availing the financial assistance of UGC in the proposed campus. The sports facilities need to be strengthened on a priority basis.
The Alumni association established in 1921 is very active in celebrating Foundation Day, organising several cultural programmes and number of lectures. Further they have also instituted number of prizes. However the Alumnae association needs to be registered and its activities are to be formalized. The Alumnae of the college are well placed in various field and they have to play active role for all round development of the college.
The college has forty four computers. It organises free medical checkup for its staff and students with the help of some NGO's. There is a full time lady sports officer in the college who encourages students' participation in various sports events. They have Indoor as well as outdoor sports facilities available for students. The college students have participated at inter college level and state level and they have won a few prizes also. The college does not have its own hostel. However few of their students are availing the facility of Government hostel at Salt Lake.
CRETIRION - V
STUDENT SUPPORT AND PROGRESSION :
It is heartening to note that the pass percentage of the students of this college remains between 85% to 88% and the dropout rate is between 11% to 14%, which is due to admission into professional courses and leaving the college either due to family reasons or academic weakness. During the last five years, 25 students have cleared UGC-CSIR NET examinations; 14 have cleared UGC-SLET; 7 have cleared GATE and 8 have cleared GRE. Assessment of teacher in respect of teaching is being done by the College at the end of the session. After taking the feed back from the students, the forms are sent to various departments where teachers hold discussions with the students to solve their problems.
The college publishes its prospectus every year, where details of rules of admission, libraries, prizes, discipline are given. The students of the college receive a number of scholarships from both central and state governments. The college also has its own Students-Aid-Fund, to provide financial assistance to the needy students. It is commendable to note that they have 'Teachers-fund' to help the needy students, where all teachers including the principal contribute every year. Besides all these , there are several endowment funds created by well wishers of the college for providing stipends to the selected students.
The college has a career counselling committee which organizes career councelling for third year students and also keeps contacts with corporate business houses. Teachers of the college do participate in academic and personal counselling of the students. The college has distinguished alumnae as freedom fighters, writers and poets, eminent scientists, academicians, engineers, technocrats, singers, dancers, drama and media personalities. The college has a number of leisure and recreational facilities available for the students such as Indoor & outdoor games, nature club, college magezine, cultural activities, dance and music competitions, poster painting and wall magazine. Although the college does not have formal placement cell, it is note worthy to observe that campus recruitment by some of the companies has been started from this academic year. This needs to be strengthed by creating a placement cell for maintaining rapport with industrial houses. The college has a students' union which is quite active and it participates in the college developmental activities. The practice of feedback from the students and their experiences regarding cleanliness, field work, tours, library facilities, extra curricular activities are worth praising.
CRITERION - VI
ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
The college has an efficent internal coordinating and monitoring system. They have various committees to carry out different activities of the college viz; academic council , examination committee, seminar committee, library committee, discipline committee, students' union, admission committee, UGC committee, career counselling committee, fest committee, computer system committee, prospectus committee, research committee, canteen committee etc. There is a special committee to prepare the academic calendar. The college has a system of sending non teaching staff for professional development to the work-shops organized by the govt. The college has a grievance redressal cell to solve students' problems. The college has loan facility for teaching and non teaching staff. It is worth mentioning that being a government college, tution fees and other fees charged are very low.
The college has introduced several welfare programmes such as free heath care, financial aid to needy students, special prizes to children of non-teaching staff and medals for excellent performance in cultural activities.
The college is managed by a governing body which consists of the representatives of state government, university, teaching staff, non-teaching staff and students' union.
CRITERION - VII
The college has adopted the method of students' feed back for internal quality check. The principal of the college takes adequate action on the areas of concern reflected by the students in their feed back . Similarly a check is imposed on the non teaching staff by the head clerk to make them perform their duties in proper manner. Parents/Guardians also give their feed back for the institution during parent-teachers' meet. Strategic planning for institution is done by the Principal in consultation with members of various committees. Important decisions are taken by the teachers' council which is headed by the principal. The college has linkages with various research institutes and laboratories of Jadavpur University and Calcutta university.
The college provides value based education to its students through various extra curricular activities. A course on ' Ethics and value education' is also introduced. Apart from this, the college also organizes lectures on value education. The college tries to inculcate civic responsibility among the students through its curricular and extra curricular activities like - students' visits to SOS children's village, flood donation by students, NSS activities for the benefit of community etc. Students are made to make full use of books and journals available in the libraries. Communication skills are promoted through seminars , group discussions, debate and other competitions. Numerical skills are promoted by quiz competition and fund management of students' union activities. Use of information technology is promoted through the use of computer and internet for students. Students are also involved in number of social, cultural and environmental protection activities.
Strict adherence to academic calendar, regular conduct of class tests and announcement of results, introduction of student centered teaching, seminars of students etc. are other healthy practices adopted by the college.
SECTION - III
Bethune College is the first women's college in India established in 1879 to play the historic role in women's education and empowerment.
The mission of the College has always been 'development of a complete woman'. It is working towards the goal of 'imparting higher education to women' to make them responsible individuals and to make them play an effective role in socio-economic transformation of the Indian Society at large.
The college offers honours degree course in eight Science subjects, seven Arts subjects and general degree course in two subjects. It has started post-graduate courses in Botany and Zoology in 2005. The college has excellent examination record in terms of pass percentage and large number of first classes and university ranks. Extra curricular activities of the college make the students confident to take up any career. Informal feedback is taken from the university teachers to bring necessary changes in the teaching methods. The college enjoys autonomy in running the two PG courses. It can design their courses; set question papers, conduct examinations and give away the certificates. At U.G. level the curricula has been designed by the university and all the departments follow same syllabus with modular pattern. The college has linkages with different laboratories to benefit U.G. and P.G. students.
The Peer team appriciates the following activities/practices adopted by the college.
The college provides conducive environment for learning and research.
The relationship between the students and teachers is quite cordial.
The initiation of value base education programme is praise worthy.
The percentage of cut off marks for admission into various honours programmes is very high reflecting the quality of students and reputation of the college.
The success rate in all the courses is very high with large number of first classes and university ranks.
The service rendered by career counselling and guidance centre of the department of Psychology is worth mentioning.
The students' union has good rapport with administration and teaching staff.
The participation of large number of faculty members in national and international seminars is appreciable.
Campus placement in different industries in an undergraduate Arts and Science college is praise worthy.
Full computerization of libraries and the establishment of LAN are unique features.
Establishment of Computer Training Centre in association with WEBEL - a state government organization to impart computer skills to the students at a very low fees is worth mentioning.
Completion of two minor research projects and carrying on seven minor projects and one major project constitute a good beginning in research arena.
The peer team would like to make the following recommendations for further improvement of the college in the near future :
The college may set up long term and short term objectives in order to achieve excellence in curricular and extra curricular activities.
The college may seek autonomous status on a priority basis in order to translate its mission into reality.
The college may plan and develop a satellite campus for further development of the college.
The language laboratory may be set up to improve the communication skills of students.
Post graduate courses may be initiated in Chemistry, Management, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Physics, English. Sociology, Psychology, Education, Mass Communication and Journalism and Geography in a phased manner.
Self financing diploma and certificate courses of job oriented nature may be introduced.
Development of sports facilities may be given special emphasis for physical development of students.
More number of reference books, latest editions of text books and journals - National and International - may be acquired for libraries to strengthen the academic programme and research activities of the college.
The faculty members may intensify consultancy activities for generating resources.
The faculty members may be encouraged to undertake major research projects from different agencies such as UGC, ICSSR, CSIR, DST, DBT and other funding agencies.
The college may initiate steps to have its own hostel through UGC fund.
The Internet facilities need to be expanded by providing more computer systems.
The college administrative office may be computerized fully on a priority basis for enhancing the efficiency of staff and their work.
The placement activity may be further strengthened by constituting a placement cell.
Permanent faculty vacancies may be filled on a priority basis.
The students may be encouraged to participate in more sports events.
Coaching center for competitive examination may be setup.
The activities of NSS may be further strengthened.
NCC unit may be set up in the college.
The peer team desires to express its sincere thanks to the president and members of governing body, Principal, Co-ordinators, faculty, non-teaching staff, parents, alumni and students for the excellent support extended by them during the visit.
Prof. S.F. Patil
Prof. M. Gangadhara Rao
Prof. Chitralekha Chouhan
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