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St Xavier College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu
St Xavier College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu
Palayamkottai (District Thirunelveli (Tirunelveli))
Tamil Nadu, IndiaPin Code : 627002
St Xavier College, Palayamkottai Tamil Nadu is a recognised institute / college.
St Xavier College, Palayamkottai Tamil Nadu is situated in Palayamkottai of Tamil Nadu state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Website of St Xavier College, Palayamkottai Tamil Nadu is http://www.stxavierstn.com/.
Ph.D.Programme(Tamil, Folklore, Botony, Zoology, Mathematics)
St Xavier College, Palayamkottai Tamil Nadu runs course(s) in Arts, Commerce, Computer Applications, Information Technology, Research, Science, Training stream(s).
St Xavier College is affiliated with Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abhishekapatti
Media coverage of St Xavier College, Palayamkottai Tamil Nadu, Tamil Nadu
NAAC report of St Xavier CollegeSection I: Introduction
St. Xaviers College of Education (XCE), Palayamkottai was established in 1950 by the religious and charitable Society of St. Francis Xavier. It is a minority college affiliated to the Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. The institution seeks to promote the ideals contained in the rich Jesuit tradition of higher education - intellectual maturity, a sense of responsibility and social commitment. The college was started in a backward region of the state; it caters primarily to Roman Catholic Christians of the area even as it keeps admission open to other sections of the society as per government norms.
The college was accredited by NAAC in 2000 and acquired UGC recognition under section 2(f) in 2000. It became an autonomous college in 2006. It is an urban, grant-in-aid, â€˜only for menâ€™ college functioning from its own campus of 3.72 acres. The college offers teacher education courses at the B.Ed and M.Ed levels and the research programmes of M.Phil and Ph.D, both part-time and full time. The B.Ed programme is offered both in English and Tamil medium. All the programmes have received permanent recognition from the university. The sanctioned intake for B.Ed is 150; for M.Ed, it is 25 and M.Phil it is 30 (15 full time and 15 part-time). The number of permanent teachers is 16; there are also 8 ad-hoc teachers. The number of support staff is 11.
Section: II Criterion-wise Analysis
Criterion 1: Curriculum Design and Planning
XCEs vision and mission reflect: societal needs (democracy, justice and brotherhood), needs of students (development of potential, self-image, self-confidence, effective communication and leadership) and concern for preparation of teachers committed to core values and pursuit of excellence. These are translated into institutional goals and objectives and curricular actions related to understanding of the teaching-learning process, learning of practical teaching skills, inculcation of social, moral and spiritual values, personality development, training in the use of ICT and engagement with the community. The institutional goals and values are made known to all stakeholders through the print medium as well as through its website
Till it became autonomous XCE had little to do with curriculum design and had to follow the university prescribed curriculum. After becoming autonomous in Aug 2006, the curriculum has been revised and restructured. The programme is now offered in the semester system. Continuous internal assessment is introduced in evaluation. ICT is introduced as an integral component. Curriculum development is introduced as a paper; philosophical foundations of education and sociological foundations of education are now given as separate papers. Some units on environment and value education have been added in the core papers of B.Ed as per UGC instruction, an elective is offered on environmental education for B.Ed and a paper on value education is offered in M.Phil. ICT - related courses are included as extra programmes on colleges own initiative. The college also has added several value added features like: Spoken English, Computer Basics, Life Orientation, Community Service and Visits to Special Schools.
The college faculty contributed as members of the university committee for curriculum development. They have also served as members of the BOS of the university. Faculty in collaboration with school teachers analyzed school textbooks.
The B.Ed programme incorporates interdisciplinary learning, multi skill development, inclusive education, practice teaching and school experience, work experience and SUPW and computer education.
XCE develops its academic calendar. The calendar shows spread of various activities - orientation, theory, pre - practice teaching activities, internship / practice teaching, seminars, community work and end of course examination. In addition to the annual calendar the college may prepare â€˜work planâ€™ or Course outline for each course / component comprising time lines and schedules. This can function as a useful tool of instructional planning which helps both the teacher and the student to keep track of the progress of the course. It also functions as a good monitoring tool.
Allocation of subjects to staff, scheduling of tests / exams and other academic events are planned well in advance in the staff meetings and the management council. They are evaluated at the end of each programme by students and staff. Co-curricular programmes like field trips, educational tours, sports, club activities etc are systematically planned, executed and evaluated by both students and staff
XCE obtains feedback from heads of practicing schools, academic peers, students, alumni and employers. Students give their evaluation of institutional practices in writing. Alumni share their views on the college operations when they hold their sangamam meeting. Oral and written evaluations are received from practicing schools on student teaching. Feedback from academics is sought when they visit the college for seminars, special lectures, conducting examinations. Students freely interact with the management in the hostel. Parents also freely interact with the college. College staff processes the feedback in staff council meetings. Follow-up action is taken by the IQAC in respect of curriculum and other quality related matters
Criterion 2: Curriculum Transaction and Evaluation
Admissions to XCE are made on the basis of common entrance test conducted by the university / government. In accordance with the reservation policy of the government 50% of the seats are allotted for merit quota and 50% for management. Dalits, rural students and the poor are given preference in the management quota. Admissions are regulated by the college admission committee. The admission process is transparent; information regarding admission is publicized through newspaper advertisement, college prospectus and web site.
The college had a total of 211 working days and 193 teaching days last year. A total of 150 students were admitted to B.Ed (75 reserved and 75 open). For M.Ed, the number was 25 (13 reserved and 12 open).
Transaction of theory
Theory dominates the programme. The time allotted for theory in B.Ed is 77% and for practice teaching and practicum it is 13% and 10%. For M.Ed, theory accounts for 60% and practicum 40%.
The college has made provision for assessing students knowledge and skills for the programme after they are admitted. Students are given orientation course on the first day of the academic year. The institution offers remedial instruction for those who are not proficient in English, have learning problems and need knowledge of computers through bridge courses and other kinds of support like extra classes, individual guidance and group study. As the instructional medium is English, students are divided into different groups based on their English proficiency.
To promote active learning students are encouraged to make use of library, internet, and carry out individual projects and assignments. Students difficulties in learning are identified through tests, direct observation and performance in assignments etc. Based on findings, students with difficulties are counseled. Student participation is encouraged through involving them in discussion and participation in seminar. The college highlights the importance given to group methods and co-operative learning
The college employs micro-teaching technique to prepare students in teaching skills like introducing a lesson, stimulus variation, questioning, and reinforcement. The skills are demonstrated by college teachers and practiced by students (with peers under simulated conditions). The number of pre-practice teaching days (simulated / micro teaching / demonstration / team teaching) is 10 and the minimum number of pre-practice teaching lessons to be given is 6. The classes are observed by college teachers, student teachers and mentors (school teachers). The classes are videographed and shown back to them for feedback.
Students are given preparatory training in preparation and use of A.V materials and other teaching aids and use of hardware. They are also taught methods of catering to the diverse needs of under achievers and the gifted.
Practice teaching in schools is held for 26 days. 24 schools are identified for practice teaching. Each student has to teach a minimum number of 40 lessons. Teaching plans are developed in consultation with mentors. Feedback is given by mentors, peers and college teachers.
Assessment and evaluation
The scheme of evaluation is made known to students at the beginning of the academic session. Evaluation is comprehensive and covers all aspects of the training programme Students learning is assessed through direct observation, continuous internal assessment and evaluation of projects, assignments and records. Weightage for internal assessment for both B.Ed and M.Ed is 30% and external 70% (theory). 2 sessional tests and 1 assignment are given for each paper. Practice teaching is evaluated by peers, mentors and college teachers. Students evaluate teacher performance. Self appraisal of performance is also done by staff. Management and staff evaluate institutional performance against objectives laid down
Use of ICT
The institution has adequate number of computers. - it has computer laboratory, internet facility, language laboratory, LCD projector, course ware, audio and video resources, teaching aids and other related materials. The computer centre has 30 computers (10 are networked) and 2 LCD projectors. Budget allotted for purchase and maintenance of computers last year was Rs 50000. The amount spent on maintenance and upgrading of computer facilities was Rs 70941.
Both students and faculty have easy access to ICT resources. There are courses with ICT enabled teaching learning process. The institution offers computer science as an optional subject. Courses on MS Office, Visual Basic, HTML and ICT are offered for B.Ed. Every student also undergoes a course to acquire basic computer skills.
Teachers make use of ICT facilities for curriculum transaction. The research centre has a computer for storage and retrieval of research data. ICT is also used for data analysis, for preparing lesson plans (power point) and for collecting information (internet). MK University uses the computer centre for their PGDCA programme through distance mode. CDs, audio and video cassettes are used for teaching methodology and language. The institution has developed computer-aided learning packages. Computers, fax, e-mail and internet are used for admission, management and administrative purposes. Students use computers to prepare their presentations for seminar and assignments. ICT enabled teaching, practice-teaching and preparation of lessons is the highlight of the institution
Criterion 3: Research, Development and Extension
XCE offers the research oriented M.Phil and Ph.D programmes in addition to B.Ed and the post-graduate M.Ed. 7 faculty members have Ph.D degree. Faculty members guide research scholars of M.Phil and Ph.D. During the last five years the college has awarded 13 Ph.D and 64 M.Phil degrees (Total: 20 Ph.Ds and 193 M.Phils). Faculty has published papers in reputed journals.
The college encourages staff to take up research through incentives like: study leave, secretarial support and adjustment in teaching schedule. The college also issues its own quarterly research journal Research and Reflections on Education. A research fund of Rs 11 lakhs has been created for financial assistance to Ph.D scholars.
XCE encourages action research. The college conducts a 2-day seminar in action research, organizes seminars (once a year) on research methodology and tool development and one-day research colloquium (twice a year) for research scholars. It has organized state, regional and national level conferences and seminars and encourages staff to attend professional development programmes. The college is associated with Jesuit Council for Educational Research and Training which organizes seminars and workshops for school teachers and brings out JCERT News Bulletin
The college has developed print and digital instructional materials and teaching aids. Students get help from the Arts and Crafts Master in preparing TLM
The college has close relationship with the community. Several programmes are arranged involving resources from the community like: science exhibition and medical camp, sound and light programme on Jesus, talks by doctors, advocates, employment officers, science centre officer, sharing of talents by outsiders. Basic computer literacy classes have been conducted for rural primary teachers. Also, workshops for staff of special schools and training programmes for teachers and school Heads are organized. The college has plans to organize activities related to problems of Beedi workers and communal harmony. A staff member holds additional charge of extension activities.
XCE provides consultancy but without charging for it. It has provided services to school teachers (teaching strategies, guidance), college teachers (pedagogy), DIET staff (research assistance), teacher educators (in need areas) and police personnel (gender sensitization). The faculty expertise includes communication and teaching skills, computer literacy, educational research.
Networking / linkages
XCE is a member of the AIACHE and JEA of South Asia. It has linkages with other institutions at the local, state, national and international levels - IGNOU, universities in the region, Loyola College of Education, Sikkim, St Josephs university, Philadelphia, USA. The college faculty has served in the university bodies like Senate and BOS and inspection committees of important national bodies and universities.
The linkage with other institutions is established through: participation in training programmes, seminar, refresher courses, guest lectures, research guidance, student placement, extension activities, and college journal.
Criterion 4: Infrastructure and Learning Resources
The college campus is spread over 3.72 acres. It has a built up area of 4660 sq mtrs. It has classrooms, auditorium, playgrounds, canteen and student hostel with all facilities. In view of the additional intake of 50 students an additional floor has been added and the hostel facilities have been expanded by constructing a spacious dining hall and some rooms over it. The additional floor houses auditorium, room for language laboratory and additional classrooms. After becoming autonomous, the institution has added extra classrooms, office rooms and staff rooms. The computer laboratory has been set up in a spacious room. Rs 13,30,000 were allocated for building expansion and upkeep. The college has been augmenting its infrastructure and facilities steadily over the past 5 years with suitable budget allocation.
The resources of the college are made available to other users also like: alumni association, IGNOU, universities and colleges for conducting their activities like training programmes, extension services and examinations etc
The college has adequate instructional infrastructure by way of classrooms, labs, auditorium, library and ICT resources. It has set up methods lab, psychology lab, science labs, ET lab, computer lab and workshop as per norms. It is well equipped with ICT and ET resources. These are extensively utilized by both the staff and students for teaching learning purposes. The LCD projector is used to teach ET for B.Ed. Each classroom is provided with an OHP.
There is a spacious ET Hall with all modern equipments. There is also a language lab for 20 students used to develop proficiency in English. A digital video camera is used to videotape micro teaching and practice teaching and provide feedback to students. All college functions, celebrations and student activities are recorded by the digital camera. Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) is introduced for students. Books are issued through the computerized mechanism.
There are well equipped labs for teaching physical sciences, computer science, mathematics, bio science, languages and psychology. They are periodically upgraded. Budget allocation is made for maintenance and upgrading of facilities - on computer facilities the college spent Rs 70941 and on lab facilities Rs 142161. The auditorium is used for various purposes - seminars, workshops, examinations, cultural events etc
The total number of posts sanctioned is 12 for teaching and 8 for non-teaching. The institution has 16 permanent teachers (14m and 2f), 8 ad-hoc, temporary teachers and 11 (3 temporary) non-teaching staff. The Teacher-Student ratio for B.Ed is 1:12.5. The teaching faculty is well qualified; 7 faculty members hold Ph.D degree.
Appointments of staff are made as per stipulated rules and conditions by a Board of Experts which includes representatives of the management. Newspaper advertisements are given to recruit talented human resource. The NCTE and UGC norms are adhered to. As the college comes under the Jesuit corporate management there is a well defined policy for staff appointments, salary and service conditions.
Staff time is judiciously distributed over classroom teaching, practicals and preparatory work for lectures etc. Work allocation is done taking into account the level of the courses (M.Ed / B.Ed), theory and practical, preparatory time, guidance, correction of assignments etc.- 13 hours lecture, 13 hours preparation, 2 hrs library, 3 hrs guidance to teaching, 3 hrs tutorials, 1 hr preparing teaching aids and 5 hrs practicals - a total of 40 hrs per week.
Library and information services
The college library has been expanded; it now has a total carpet area of 223 sq mtrs and a seating capacity of 100. It has a qualified librarian and assistant librarian. There is also a director of library. There is an advisory committee for the library.
The library works for 10 hours a day from 9.00 am to 7.00 pm except Sundays. It is kept open during summer vacation also to serve research scholars. It has a total of 12762 books (590 reference), 29 journals (4 foreign) and 14 magazines. There are 308 back volumes of journals
The library is fully automated with Rovan Technology Software. In addition to regular library services it has facilities of book bank, on-line access, internet, photocopying, computer and printer, circulation and clipping. Students are allowed to retain books for examinations. They are allowed to borrow 3 books at a time (faculty, 10). An average of 3600 users visits the library in a month. The facilities are used by students of other colleges and universities also. Less than 1% of the college budget is spent on the library. During the past three years the college spent 33381, 32323 and 12527 for purchase of books (466, 1470, 180) and 888, 575 and nil for journals (2, 3, nil)
Criterion 5: Student Support and Progression
The college has a mentoring system. 10 students are entrusted to the care of a â€˜guardianâ€™ teacher who takes care of them throughout the year. Post graduate students work under their research guides. Students also get personal guidance from the newly appointed part-time counselor.
There are virtually no drop outs and success rate is practically 100% in all courses. During the past two years, 11 students have passed the NET / SLET and 8, TRB competitive examination. Special coaching classes for SLET / NET and awareness programme regarding civil services examinations are also organized. The progression of students to teaching career and higher education is impressive. During the last three years 120, 118 and 105 students joined teaching and 17, 16 and 16 went for higher education.
XCE provides financial assistance to needy students. Most of the students (80%) are covered by merit scholarship or fee concession. Loan facilities are also availed. Other major financial aid services are provided by alumni, farmers security scheme and management
The college provides very good hostel facility for students. Practically all students (167) live in the hostel. Evaluation of hostel living is done once in a week by the administrators. A two floor building accommodating a dining hall and 10 living rooms for students has been constructed and a canteen has been started
The college provides indoor and outdoor sports facilities - table tennis, weight lifting and parallel bar, volley ball, basket ball and badminton courts - and organizes cultural events. Football and hockey grounds are shared with St Xaviers college. Students have distinguished themselves with their achievements in extra curricular activities.
XCE has an active and strong alumni association which plays a complementary role with the college faculty in the development of the college. The Association organized a science exhibition involving rural schools, celebrated Teachers Day, get together of alumni (sangamam), career guidance, medical camp and provided scholarship to poor students. Students are registered as life members of the association when they complete the course.
XCE has its website which gives full information for prospective students. The college handbook also provides full details regarding all aspects of the college - history, vision and mission, admission procedure, facilities, programmes and courses, evaluation scheme, college regulations, college committees, calendar and various activities. It is updated regularly. The college also publishes its annual magazine to provide a forum for student writers. Students difficulties are discussed in monthly meetings of the grievance redressal committee.
Student activities are organized by the Students Association and subject-wise clubs led by them. For sports, students are organized into â€˜housesâ€™.
There is a placement cell. It arranges campus interviews and prepares students to face interview boards. Two staff members are in charge of the Cell. During the last three years 40, 15 and 10 students were employed through the Cell.
The college also offers academic, personal and career counseling. The college also provides short courses on self awareness and personality development, how to face an interview, time management, stress management and effective communication skills
Criterion 6: Organization and Management
Internal quality management
XCE set up its IQAC in 2004. IQAC meets twice a year. Its major concerns are: ensuring the relevance of the curriculum, implementation of reforms like self - learning, seminar for M.Ed and M.Phil students and evaluation of teachers by students.
XCE is governed by the Society of Jesus of Madurai Province supported by a Governing Body and a Management Committee. The Principal is the Secretary of the Governing Body which has representatives from the government, university, UGC and an expert and two staff as members. It meets twice a year to evaluate achievement of institutional goals and objectives. The staff council meets once a month to ensure quality maintenance and also plan future programmes. The college has its own finance committee. There is also a core committee to ensure quality of administration and academic programmes. The management committee sits with the staff to plan and share the various activities and good practices of the college. Participatory management is encouraged at all levels
Academic planning and management
Academic planning is done in consultation with the school teachers, staff members and administration. Various committees are formed to manage the different activities of the institution - examination, awards, planning and evaluation, appeals and grievances, admissions, library, research cell, students welfare and extra curricular activities, career guidance and placement, extension services and IQAC. (Informal) feedback given by staff and students is given due weightage in decision making. Responsibilities are shared with students.
Human resource management
Faculty development needs are identified in staff meetings and personal sharing with the Head. Students also assess staff performance.
Financial support is given for staff development activities and they are encouraged to participate in seminars etc, take up research, publish and serve in academic bodies. Cubicles, computer facility, library services are provided to the staff to enhance their performance. Non-teaching staff is provided with housing and loan facilities.
Resource mobilization and financial management
XCE is a government aided institution. Its main funding comes from government and student fees. The college has also received grants from the UGC for the plan period, seminar and refresher course.
The colleges income last year was 62, 03,515 and expenditure 79, 08,015 with a deficit of 17, 04,500. It has made budget provision for maintenance of building and equipment and other planned activities. The accounts are audited regularly. Salary bill of the staff is computerized and their salary is deposited in the bank directly. More than 66% of total expenditure goes to teachers salaries. The unit cost of the teacher education programme is Rs 4685 (excluding the salary component) and Rs 32690 including the salary component.
Section III: Overall Analysis and Recommendations
Founded in 1950, St Xavier College of Education has over the years established itself as an institution striving to promote the social, moral and spiritual ideals and values of its founders through its academic programmes and activities. Significant landmarks in the life of the institution are its accreditation by NAAC and conferment of autonomy by the university in 2006. The College excels in infrastructure and learning resources. It is managed by a well knit organization. Since its accreditation, it has initiated several quality assurance initiatives like: changes in curriculum, incorporation of new technologies into programmes, support to research and professional development activities, student support services of different kinds, an active and strong alumni association and outreach activities.
Its autonomous status naturally increases expectations from the college. Autonomy makes available to the college more freedom for institutional self-expression. One would now expect the institution to gear itself to make fuller use of its elevated status and freedom and mobilize financial and human resources to both expand its programmes and activities as well as intensify its quality assurance initiatives. As an autonomous college, XCE has before it the challenging mandate of modeling itself as a leader in matters related to curriculum design, transaction, research, development, extension and decentralized administration and participatory decision making. Keeping in view its performance so far and its present capacity the peer team makes the following recommendations towards the future development of the college
Curriculum renewal and enrichment
XCE has made certain changes in B.Ed and M.Ed. It can now go a step further and make use of the provisions of the autonomy and re-engineer the teacher education programme offered in the college. Possibilities like - redesigning B.Ed incorporating new pedagogy, experimenting with integrated programmes of B.Ed, and starting modular courses in need-based areas for DIET faculty - may be explored.
More importantly, the college should infuse innovativeness and creativity to the core components of teacher preparation curriculum like practice teaching, teaching of foundation courses, integration of ICT with curriculum etc.
Curriculum planning should go beyond drawing up an academic calendar and sharing of responsibilities among staff. It should include systematic instructional planning. An effective component of such planning is course outline or teaching plan indicating schedules and time line for teaching and testing activities, projects and assignments and other details. This would help to monitor and track the progress of the course and institute mid-course corrections. When shared with the students, it will help them to know in advance what they have to learn and how the curriculum will be transacted. It will help motivated students, in particular, to progress on their own through self-study and additional work.
The college can carry out a review of its existing modes of practice teaching (micro teaching, weekly teaching practice and internship in schools) to impart greater professionalism to the activity.
Alongside academic research, the college should encourage institution based, in-house research that feeds into the improvement of its programmes and creation of data base. Research in a college of education should be situated in its objectives and activities; it should be purposive and concerned with improvement of institutional practices related to teaching, training, evaluation and practice teaching.
The college may take pro-active measures for the utilization of the research fund provided by the management to promote research.
Further development of library
XCE has already taken actions towards enlargement of its library and improvement of services. It needs to do more. Keeping in view the research needs of its PG programmes and projected future development the library holdings need to be increased substantially
The present language laboratory is organized with the help of tape recorders. A technologically efficient and systematically planned language laboratory may be established to meet the diverse needs of learning in mother tongue and English
In-service / Extension programmes
The college may set up a stable structure for organizing in-service programmes for continuous professional development of teachers and other educational functionaries. The activities may be systematically carried out according to a need-based annual action plan. The clientele for these programmes may cover apart from school teachers, teacher educators, college teachers and DIET staff
The peer team appreciates the care and hospitality extended to it during the visit to the college.
(Rev. Dr. S. Sebastian, S. J.)
St. Xaviers College of Education (Autonomous)
Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli - 627002
Date: 23rd March, 2007
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