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Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu, IndiaPin Code : 625002
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai Tamil Nadu is a recognised institute / college.
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai Tamil Nadu is situated in Madurai of Tamil Nadu state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com.
Contact Details of Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai Tamil Nadu are : Telephone: 2651988
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai Tamil Nadu runs course(s) in Arts, Commerce, Science stream(s).
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women is affiliated with Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai
Media coverage of Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai Tamil Nadu, Tamil Nadu
NAAC report of Sri Meenakshi Government College for WomenSection I: Introduction
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women (Autonomous) was established in 1965 in Madurai city of Tamilnadu on a sprawling campus of 17 acres with the objective of â€˜Service for the cause of Women Empowermentâ€™. The college has permanent affiliation to Madurai Kamaraj University (MKU) and autonomous status from 1998. On its rolls, there are 2,707 students, 134 teachers and 43 non-teaching staff. The college offers 13 undergraduate and 7 postgraduate programmes in the faculties of Arts, Commerce and Science. It offers a Certificate and a Diploma course in â€˜Gandhian Thoughtâ€™, designed by MKU. In the year 2005, it introduced M.B.A. programme under self-funding category. From the academic year 2005-2006, it has introduced choice- based credit system to provide more flexibility for students. It is recognized by U.G.C. under 2 (f) and 12 (B) in 1965 and 1972 respectively. The college follows semester system and has made value-education, environmental studies and physical education compulsory to inculcate national perspective among learners. The National Assessment and Accreditation Council awarded four-star status to this college in the year 2000.
The college volunteered to apply to NAAC for assessment and reaccredidation in the year 2005. A Peer Team comprising Prof. P. MURALI, former Vice-Chancellor, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh as Chairperson, Prof. K.G. NARAYANA PILLAI, Syndicate Member and former Dean, College Development Council, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, Prof. Y. AZEEZ AHMED, former Principal, Al-Ameen College, Bangalore and Dr. G.H.GIDWANI, Principal, St.Miras College for Girls, Pune as Members was constituted by the Council. Mr. JOSEPH ZACHARAIAH, Ex-GM., H.R.D., Fenner India Ltd., Madurai accompanied the Team as Observer. Mr. B. R. MANJUNATH, Academic Consultant, NAAC coordinated the visit.
The Peer Team visited the college for three days, March 16-18, 2006 and had interaction sessions with the principal, steering committee of IQAC, faculty, non-teaching staff, students, parents and alumni. The Team visited all the academic departments, library, laboratories and various other facilities on the campus. The Team also perused the required documents. On the basis of the interactive sessions and the facilities available, the Team submits its report on the seven criteria in the following sections.
Section II: Criterion-wise Analysis
Criterion I Curricular Aspects
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women, Madurai is a multidisciplinary autonomous college established in 1965 to provide higher education and empowerment to the women from the lower strata of the society irrespective of caste, creed or religion. The goal and objectives are made known to its various stakeholders through the calendar, admission prospectus and website. The goal of women empowerment through education is reflected in the curriculum of the college.
Being an autonomous college since 1998, the institution prepares its own syllabi and curriculum both at UG and PG levels. There is a Board of Studies for each subject which includes external experts as well. It undertakes periodic curricular review and update with the approval of the Academic Council of the college. Both UG and PG courses are semesterized.
The college offers 13 UG and 7 PG programmes in Arts, Social Science, Science and Commerce streams. In addition, a certificate and a diploma course in â€˜Gandhian Thoughtâ€™ is also offered. The subjects taught at UG level include Tamil, English (vocational), History, Business Economics, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Geography, Home Science, Environmental Biology, Computer Science, and Commerce. History, Economics, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Geography have both English and Tamil streams. The rest are taught in English medium. These courses have one major and two ancillary subjects. The PG courses offered are English, History, Economics, Mathematics, Geography, MBA and MCA. The MBA programme is offered under self-financing mode.
The institution offers flexibility to students to pursue and complete any incomplete semester programme within the maximum time-frame of three years. The students also have flexibility to take any unattempted/failed paper in ensuing semester. The postgraduate programmes offered facilitate vertical mobility within the same campus. Horizontal mobility is provided to some extent by introducing elective courses in certain subjects. The college admits students, at the beginning of a semester, from any other institution from within or outside the state, taking into consideration the credits obtained. The college offers courses with core options, elective options and allied courses with thrust on value-education, environment, extension work and physical training.
Feedback on curriculum content and transaction is obtained from the students, alumni, employers and academic peers through suitably framed questionnaires. The analysis of the same has led to major syllabus revision in certain programmes; for instance, the Tamil department has introduced a paper in Journalism and Mass Communication.
Criterion II: Teaching, Learning and Evaluation
Admission is as per standard government norms. Special quota has been reserved for physically- challenged, children of ex-servicemen and sports persons. On an average, the demand ratio of admission to the college is about 1:8. This shows an upward trend in certain subjects. Entrance test is conducted for MCA and MBA courses. Admission process is transparent.
The college follows an academic calendar, which is given to students at the beginning of every academic year. There are 90 working days per semester. Conventional classroom teaching is the main method of instruction. Certain departments also practice participatory methods like group discussion, seminar, guest lectures, field trips, etc.. Enactment of dramas and role plays supplements English teaching. Overhead Projectors are used for seminars and classroom teaching. The college has two LCD projectors. These may be used optimally to supplement classroom teaching. Both UG and PG students do projects and dissertations as part of their curriculum. Internet facility is available in the college, accessible to teachers and students, free of cost.
Catering to Diverse Needs
Bridge and remedial courses are offered to the students. Weaker students are identified by conventional methods of question - answer, discussion in the tutorial class, etc.. The college conducts remedial coaching with the state government fund earmarked for the purpose. Advanced learners are encouraged to present papers, prepare posters, charts, conduct seminars, and participate in quiz programmes and competitions in and outside the college.
The tutorial system is effective. About 25 students are entrusted to a teacher, who plays the role of a mentor and guide.
Of the 158 sanctioned posts, 134 have been filled up. Five teachers are appointed on a temporary basis by the principal and paid from PTA fund. In the last 2 years, 14 teachers have attended refresher courses and another 13, orientation programmes. The college has organized 4 state-level seminars and 7 invited lectures. 15 % teachers possess PhD and 80 % teachers have M.Phil degrees. Ten teachers are pursuing research leading to Ph.D. either on full-time or part-time basis. Seven teachers got Ph.D. during the last five years. One teacher has bagged the best teacher award from a local organization and 3 others got merit awards. The overall teacher-student ratio is about 1:25.
Evaluation of Teaching
There is a formal mechanism of feedback by students on the performance of teachers. This needs to be further refined and strengthened. A formal mechanism needs to be developed to analyze the feedback and its use for quality improvement. Faculty members submit self-appraisal in UGC format, annually.
Evaluation of Learning and Reforms
There is a continuous assessment of performance of students through internal assessment, tests, assignments, paper presentation, and semester-end examinations. External paper-setters prepare bilingual question papers, both in English and in Tamil. Students have choice in selecting the medium for answering. Centralized valuation is followed in UG, whereas, double valuation (one internal and one external) is practiced at PG level. There is provision for a third valuation if there is a difference of 10% marks in the first two valuations. Revaluation provision is available for UG students. The result of every examination is announced within a month. Parents are informed of the scores of the internal assessment of their wards. The college conducts the Convocation annually in the college. Annual PTA meetings are held to appraise the progress of the wards. There is an examination committee with principal as chairperson and controller of examinations and senior faculty as members. This committee is responsible for the conduct of examinations. Grading system has been introduced from this year. A few departments maintain question banks.
Criterion III: Research, consultancy and extension
Promotion of Research
Eighteen teachers have PhD and 110 possess MPhil degrees. Twenty members of the teaching faculty are working for their PhD. The college has allocated 3.6% of its annual budget towards research and development. Some faculty members are recognized research guides. Students are encouraged to attend seminars and conferences to gain additional exposure to relevant knowledge areas.
In recent years, quite a few papers have been presented in national, international and regional-level seminars. Staff members of Tamil, English, History, Zoology and Computer Science departments have authored a good number of books.
Consultancy Services and Outreach Programmes
Honorary consultancy is provided by the teachers by way of coaching for national-level competitive examinations. Outreach programmes like Blood Donation camps, AIDS- Awareness, Human-Rights Awareness, Anti-Corruption drives are also organized. The Geography department of the college conducts free training in practical Geography for teachers and students of schools in and around Madurai.
The NCC unit of the college consists of 90 cadets including 20 cadets attached to the Naval Unit. The cadets have participated in several All India Camps and brought laurels to the college. Apart from the NCC activities they are also trained in self-defense exercises.
Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources
The college is situated in the Panagal campus covering an area of about 17 acres. The main building, constructed in 1932 by the Europeans in Indo-European style of architecture, is very imposing and houses the Principals office, the office of the Controller of Examinations, Administrative office, and a language laboratory. Spacious laboratories, a central library, departmental libraries and classrooms are part of the campus. The renovated and well-maintained Foulkes Hall and the newly constructed three-storied block are evidences to show that the development of infrastructure has been keeping pace with the academic growth of the institution, though not to the extent desirable. The fact that some of the classrooms are being conducted in the corridors indicates that there is urgent need for more classrooms and repairs to the existing structures.
Maintenance of Infrastructure
Being a Government institution, the maintenance, water supply and power supply are managed by the Public Works Department and Electricity Board.
Library as a Learning Resource
The library is accommodated on a separate floor with a carpet area of 3500 sq ft and has more than 43000 books and a few Indian and foreign journals. The ratio of library books to students is 15:1. The library is kept open on all working days from 9.00 am. to 4.30pm.. Steps have been initiated to establish a digital library.
Computers as learning Resources
The college has Computer laboratories wherein there are 96 terminals. Basic computer knowledge is made compulsory for all students. Software for pay roll, admission and accounting are developed in-house by the Computer Department. Extending the services of the computer lab to the public will be a welcome step.
The facilities on the campus include courts for ball badminton, volleyball, basketball, shuttle badminton, a co-operative store supplying stationery items to the students, reprographic facilities and a pay-phone. The college has two LCD projectors. A few departments have overhead projectors.
There is a hostel that provides accommodation to about 365 students. The students are quite content with the facilities for lodging and boarding.
A small canteen in a shed, managed by physically handicapped women catering to the staff and students, and an extension counter of the Indian Overseas Bank are the other supporting facilities in the campus. The whole campus and the buildings are reasonably well maintained, and the sprawling campus with natural ambience conducive to learning is fully utilized.
Criterion V: Student Support and Progression
The total student strength of the college is 2707, of which a large majority are first generation learners hailing from the socially backward and economically poor backgrounds. In this context, empowering them with education, extra-curricular skills and communication skills becomes all the more significant.
The students receive financial support from community scholarships by the state government, endowment scholarships, and the community service fund by the staff of the college. Most students get financial assistance of one kind or the other.
On an average, 60 % of the students progress to further studies. For the last two years, the dropout rate in UG is 6 % and PG, 11 %. During the past three years, 20 % of the graduating students have been employed.
The students are encouraged to develop their skills in various extra-curricular activities by conducting competitions within the college and also permitting them to participate in inter-collegiate competitions conducted by other colleges and organizations. Indoor and outdoor games, cultural events, sports events, debates, dance, music and essay writing competitions and innovative programmes are organized for the students.
The college encourages sports activities and physical education and has excellent teams in Kabaddi, Volley Ball, Hockey and Basket Ball, despite the fact that it does not have a designated Physical Director. Yoga and Karate are also given due importance. The players are given intensive coaching by a dedicated group of coaches under the able supervision of the members of the Games Committee. One of the students of first year MA History from the college represented in the national kabbadi team at the first Asian Women Kabbadi championship and won a gold medal.
The college students are satisfied with the facilitating mechanisms like the Career Guidance Cell. The Community Service Scheme (CSS) of the college operates with the exclusive aim of providing financial assistance to the economically backward and physically challenged students. In times of need, the non-teaching staff also gets benefited from CSS.
The institution has a Grievance Redressal Cell which functions to alleviate the grievances of students regarding examination results, as well as personal problems.
The students are given vocational training through field trips, internship training and projects in reputed industries, AIR, local TV channel, hospitals, etc..
Yoga, Taekwondo, NCC and NSS training given to students contributes to overall personality development of the students.
Criterion VI: Organization and Management
Leadership, Goal Orientation and Decision Making
Being a government college, the Director of Collegiate Education is the over all head. The principal as head of the institution is responsible for all campus affairs. The Bursars office looks after financial matters and accounting. The College Council (executive body), comprising the heads of academic departments, is the decision-making body for all academic matters.
Organization Structure, Powers and Functions of the Functionaries
Being a government college, recruitment, training and performance appraisal are as per the policies of the Government of Tamil Nadu. The recruitment of teachers is made through Teachers Recruitment Board, which selects candidates who have cleared UGC-NET/CSIR/SLET examination. Temporary teachers are appointed by the principal as per government guidelines. The college has an organizational structure with the College Council as the apex body. The internal coordination and monitoring mechanism are controlled by a number of statutory bodies, which look after various functions of administration.
Since the college has been given autonomous status from 1998, the Academic Council, the Board of Studies and the Board of Examiners for different subjects have been constituted. The college has a Controller of Examinations and the academic calendar is prepared in consultation with the College Council. The administration is thus decentralized. The Directorate of Collegiate Education and Accountant General do the annual auditing. The college may consider formulating a perspective plan for next ten years in consultation with the authorities.
The college has a self - appraisal method to evaluate the performance of the faculty. The performance of the teaching staff as well as the non-teaching staff is appraised through annual confidential reports. Student feedback is also used to evaluate the performance of teachers.
The ratio of teachers to non-teaching staff is 3:1. The office work is partially computerized and salary disbursement is carried out through Electronic Clearing System. Admissions, examination timetable, consolidation of external and internal marks, result publication are some of the activities computerized.
The fee structure is revised as and when the government decides. The college submits its annual budget proposals to the government.
Criterion VII: Healthy Practices
Sri Meenakshi Government College for Women caters to higher education needs of the economically backward sections of the society. The parents and alumni of the college hold the institution in high esteem because of the favorable cost and quality factors. The interpersonal and teacher-student relations are commendable as was expressed by the students while interacting with the Peer Team.
The following are some of the healthy practices noted by the Peer Team in consonance with the stated goals and objectives of the college.
Total Quality Management
An Internal Quality Assurance Cell (IQAC) has recently been established in accordance with the guidelines of the NAAC.
Need-based courses like M.C.A., B.Sc. Home Science (Food and Nutrition), B.A. Communicative English and B.Sc. Computer Science have been introduced.
Final-year students who may have failed in just one paper are permitted to appear for the supplementary examination within one month of result. This would help them save a valuable year.
A certificate course in food preservation is being conducted by Home Science department to enable students to emerge as independent entrepreneurs.
Study of values in education, which mould the life of a learner, is prescribed as a compulsory subject.
Social Responsibilities and Citizenship Roles
Students are sensitized to the concept of dignity of labor by organizing cleaning programs and outreach activities of NSS, NCC units of the college. These activities help to develop a civic sense in the students.
Teachers of a few departments, under the innovative program, Smile a School , visit various schools to generate interest in science subjects.
Overall development of students
Teaching First Aid, Yoga and Karate in Physical Education classes.
Offering computer education to non-computer students during college hours.
Coaching classes for students to appear for Civil Service Examinations.
â€˜Home Stayâ€™ by students in different homes of the villagers during NSS camps.
Institutional Ambience and Initiatives
The college provides the students an academic atmosphere full of learner- friendly initiatives. From among the colleges of the state, this has been chosen as one of the two centers for coaching center for UPSC Civil Services and other competitive examinations.
The very purpose of the college is to empower women in and around the city of Madurai. The syllabi of English, History and Home Science departments have prescribed papers on womens studies. Many teachers are engaged in research on women issues. An example of gender sensitivity on the campus is management of college canteen by physically- challenged women.
Section III: Overall Analysis
The college, being a government institution, has been able to provide opportunities to girl students to pursue their higher education at an affordable cost, thus achieving its objective, â€˜Service for the cause of Women Empowermentâ€™. Because of its autonomous status, it has been able to develop courses of its own with reasonably good flexibility in programme options. From the academic year 2005-2006, with the intention of providing opportunity to the students to opt for courses of their interest in other disciplines, choice- based credit system has been introduced at UG level. During the last five years, in 14 subjects, major syllabus revision was done and two new programmes were introduced. In all, the 20 programmes now being offered by the college. Assessment of teachers by students has been introduced. In five programmes, visiting faculty services are utilized. Job-oriented courses like Communicative English, Food preservation, etc. are offered which are helpful to students in securing jobs.
These days, in most colleges, there is shortage of permanent regular faculty. But, it is heartening to note that, in this college, the ratio of permanent employees to the sanctioned posts among different categories of employees is 85 percent for teachers, 73 percent for non-teaching staff and 89 percent for technical staff. Students are benefited from the services of these teachers and staff. The teacher student ratio of 1:20 is worthy of appreciation. In the years 2003-2004 and 2004-2005, nineteen and twenty-three faculty members respectively availed the faculty development programmes, which shows the interest of the college to encourage the teachers to update their knowledge and skills. The college organizes seminars or workshops and at times arranges invited or endowment lectures. In order to monitor the activities and performance of the students in examinations, 25 students are under the care of each teacher in accordance with the tutor-ward system. Such a system has been of great help in the progression of students. Student-appraisal as well as self-appraisal by teachers is practiced.
14% of the teachers possess Ph.D. and there is much scope for improving research output. The college has neither collaborative research activity, nor major research projects. Only two minor research projects are on-going. In publications, the performance of the college is satisfactory. The faculty has been participating in seminars and presenting papers. Reasonably good number of papers have been presented/published. The college organized 12 co-curricular meets on the campus in collaboration with NGOs and other clubs, which provided an opportunity to the students to exhibit their skills. The NSS and NCC units of the college are actively involved in extension activities.
The college has 17 acres of land and adequate buildings to provide accommodation for classrooms, laboratories, administration block, hostel, etc.. The library works for 7 Â½ hours a day. Budget allotment towards books in the last two years has not been very encouraging. Subscription to journals needs to be increased. The authorities may consider steps to computerize library services without any delay. Indeed, the services of library need all-round improvement.
There are 94 computer terminals to cater to the requirements of students and 13 departments have one computer each for administrative purpose. An amount of Rs.3,96,262/- is allotted towards computers during 2005 - 2006, which shows the concern of the college to provide more computers. There is a hostel to accommodate about 365 students and it is neatly maintained. In addition to the hostel, there are a few residential quarters for staff on the campus. The college has good play courts, gymnastics and womens rest room. Though infrastructure-wise the college has facilities adequate to provide for the programmes offered, classroom furniture is not adequate. Currently, the size of a few classrooms is also small.
On an average, about 2350 U.G. students and 320 P.G. students are admitted into the college. The drop-out rate is about 6 % in UG and 10 % in PG. Most of the students get scholarship from the government. The average success rate in the last five years is 97 % in UG and 92 % in PG. Considerable number of students are getting distinctions and first classes both in UG and PG programmes. Thus, the performance of the students in their examinations is impressive. Three students got through NET examination in 2005 and one student in SLET in 2004 and another three students entered into government service through qualifying examinations of Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission in 2004. This shows that the awareness on competitive examinations is increasing. Tamil Nadu government has recently identified two women colleges in the state for offering coaching to women to appear for Union Public Service Commission Examinations. This is one of those two colleges and this is a feather in the cap of the college. In the year 2001, for the benefit of students, grievance redressal cell and students counseling center were started.
The admission of students is done on the basis of merit-cum-reservation policy of the government with full transparency. Being a government institution, government procedures are followed in all matters and the financial control is taken care of by the Bursar. The principal, as chairperson of the College Council, takes all major decisions through the Council. The Academic Council and the Boards of Studies take care of all the academic aspects and the Controller of Examinations monitors all aspects of examinations. There are various committees to assist the principal in the overall management of the college.
For further improvement in the quality of the programmes as well as to improve the over- all performance of the college, the following suggestions are offered.
Library services need to be improved through computerization, procurement of latest books and through subscribing to more journals.
More spacious classrooms with adequate furniture are needed.
Placement service needs to be further developed by establishing linkages with business houses.
The proportion of practicals and on-the-job training component in various academic programmes needs to be increased in order to provide greater exposure to students.
Science laboratories need to be strengthened by procuring latest equipments.
There is a pressing need to appoint a Physical Director to sustain and strengthen the sports talent that is available in abundance in the college.
The Peer Team expresses its thanks to the principal, staff, students, parents and alumni for their cooperation during the interaction sessions and visit to various departments. The Team wishes good luck to the college in all its future endeavors to scale greater heights.
Prof. P.Murali (Chairperson)
Prof. K.G.Narayana Pillai (Member)
Prof. Y. Azeez Ahmed (Member)
Prof. G. H. Gidwani (Member)
Place : Madurai
Date: 18th March, 2006
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