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SB College of Science, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
SB College of Science, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
SB College of Science, Aurangabad Maharashtra is a recognised institute / college.
SB College of Science, Aurangabad Maharashtra is situated in Aurangabad of Maharashtra state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com.
Media coverage of SB College of Science, Aurangabad Maharashtra, Maharashtra
NAAC report of SB College of ScienceSection I - Introduction:
The S.B.E.S.College of Science was established in 1963 and is run by Saraswati Bhuvan Education Society, Aurangabad. The latter is one of the premiere educational agencies of Maharashtra that launched their educational activities more than 85 years ago. True to its name, Society runs quite a number of learning centres including Degree Colleges, Junior Colleges, High Schools and Primary Schools, both in Aurangabad District and the neighbouring Jalna District. The Society has been striving not only to spread education to the masses, but also to maintain high quality in their academic pursuits. In recent years this aspect of the Society's work is reportedly recognized by the Govt. of Maharashtra who have identified it as an excellent educational Society.
The overall control of the college is vested with the Governing Body of the S.B.Education Society which consists of many well-known personalities and social workers. There is also a Local Management Committee that looks after the routine management of the college. Also the college has given A Grade by Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathawada Univeristy, Aurangabad among the colleges affiliated to it.
S.B.E.S.College of Science is essentially a degree college offering a variety of options in various subjects in science. The list is impressive and includes many modern, need-based, life-oriented subjects. Students are free to select any three subjects from a list of 23 combinations. Second languages offered are Hindi and Marathi. In addition to B.Sc.programmes, College also offers M.Sc.in Computer Science and Ph.D.programmes in 3 departments. It is also notable that some Depts., particularly Biochemistry, Environmental Science and Botany have built up strong research capability, having attracted funds from the U.G.C. for some of their schemes. Only one P.G.Diploma Course has been introduced, namely Diploma in Environmental Science, on self-financing basis. The dynamism of the college is visible in the number of seminars and workshops conducted every year.
After nearly 40 years of efforts on their own part in imparting higher education and in their search for excellence in this process, the Management thought it fit that the college could now be assessed and accredited by National Assessment And Accreditation Council, Bangalore. Accordingly, the college submitted a self-study report to NAAC which constituted a Peer Team consisting of Dr.A.N.P.Ummerkutty (Chairman) Former Vice Chancellor of the Calicut University, Dr.K.G.Narayana Pillai, Director, College Development Council, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam (Member) and Prof.(Ms.) J.Kackria, Principal, BBK DAV College for Women, Amritsar (Member).
The Peer Team visited the S.B.E.S.College of Science on 27th to 29th September 2001. Before arrival at the campus, the members of the Team had thoroughly studied and analyzed the self-study report submitted by the college. During their visit to the institution they visited all the academic departments, administrative facilities, central library, sports amenities, hostels and other functional centres in the campus. They held detailed discussions with the Principal, members of the Governing Council and the Local Management Committee, the teachers, representatives of students, parents and alumni. They also validated the various documents made available to them by the authorities. In the light of the above Peer Team has pleasure in presenting the following report.
Section 2: Criterion-wise Analysis
Criterion I - Curricular Aspects
SBES College of Science started in 1963 in an urban set up with a few Basic Science subjects such as Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology at the under graduate level. Over the years, courses with career orientation have been started at UG and PG levels. Electronics and Biochemistry in 1978, Statistics in 1980, Analytical Chemistry in 1983, Environmental Sciences in 1984 and Computer Science in 1994 are the job-oriented courses started in the recent past. In addition, the college started one PG self-financing diploma course in Environmental Science under distance education mode and doctoral research in three departments. So, the college now offers 11 UG, 01 PG, 03 Ph.D, and 01 PG diploma programmes. The college had two vocationalised U.G.Courses, but both were discontinued due to less takers. The medium of instruction is English.
Being an affiliated institution, the college has little choice in selecting and changing the programmes as and when needed, still 23 subject combinations are now offered. But, each UG combination has three optional subjects. However, the initiative of the college community in going for user friendly and interdisciplinary courses has to be appreciated. Considering the limitations in the affiliating system especially in starting new programmes, college may consider to convert it into autonomous status. Autonomy will provide the college to adopt flexibility in curriculum and introduce more customer friendly programmes. At the same time Peer Team feels that more discussion on the issue need to be initiated before taking a final decision. College authorities may also consider starting more short-term certificate and diploma courses of social relevance on cost-sharing basis. Possibility of networking with neighbouring industries and institutions may be thought of at the time of designing and updating curricula.Peer Team is glad to note that about 80% of the students are now getting the benefit of computer education through subject combinations. College may take deliberate steps to provide competitive edge to other students exposing them to information technology. Steps may be taken to extend the facility of computer science department to the public by offereing awareness, certificate or diploma courses on cost-sharing basis.
The inclusion of project work to career oriented courses shall be of useful value to students to understand real life situations.This has been appreciated by the students also.
Some members of the college faculty are represented in the Academic Council, Adhoc Boards and Boards of Studies of the University. Though the curriculum and teaching programmes are framed by the University the representatives of the college get actively involved in the process of syllabus framing and restructuring of courses. At the same time it may be pointed out that separate Boards of Studies may be constituted for UG and PG programmes in the university.
A systematic feed back from students, alumni, academic peers and employers are not still practiced. Feed back and its analysis will provide an insight into the area of future expansion, maintenance and improvement of quality of the programmes. Suitable steps may be taken in this regard.
Criterion II - Teaching-Learning and Evaluation
As such there is no entrance examination or aptitude test for admission. Admission is based on merit and the reservation policy of the Government of Maharashtra. There is no structural mechanism for the quality assessment of students before or after admission. However, students are assessed through conventional methods such as periodical tests, terminal examination and / or project work. Teaching plans are prepared month / week / period wise by every department before the commencement of the year and executed by teachers. All departments maintain day-to-day teaching registers. The syllabi are unitised.
There is no systematic way of conducting remedial and bridge courses for weaker sections of the society and slow learners. However, teachers are reportedly giving personal guidance to the needy students in an informal way. It has to be mentioned that the UGC recently sanctioned five lacs rupees for remedial coaching which may be optimaly utilized. Occasional seminars, personal discussions, workshops, quiz competitions etc are conducted aiming academically talented students. The Departments of Environmental Science and Computer Science are taking special interest in arranging regular seminar by students. They use modern teaching aids such as OHP and Computers for presentation.
Examination system is annual and is designed and conducted by the University. However, a few departments conduct periodic classroom tests. Possibility of adopting semester pattern of examination and regular house examinations shall be explored by the university and the college respectively. Methods of evaluation and examination systems are communicated to the students through prospectus and college calendar. The college has been doing fairly well in University examinations both at UG and PG levels.
The college has not yet introduced teacher evaluation by students. Teachers are submitting an annual self appraisal report in UGC format. It is analysed by the Head of the Department and Principal. Feed back of the self appraisal is conveyed to the teacher through personal dialogue.
The appointment of both permanent and temporary faculty are made according to merit following University and State Government norms. Reservation policy is followed in appointments. The teachers are encouraged to attend seminars, refresher courses and workshops. A few of the faculty have received awards and attained recognition. It is to be noted that many teachers are writing text books and popular books in English and vernacular.
The teachers, administrative staff and students maintain good relations. Recognition is given to teachers who make contribution in research and teaching though there is no system of rewarding as such.
Criterion III - Research, Consultancy and Extension
The college provides encouragement to the members of the faculty to take up research independently. The management has given freedom to teachers to present research findings in academic forum and publish in journals. About 33% of the teachers are engaged in research. There is an institution level research committee working in the college. 12 teachers have already taken Ph.D while in service and 09 teachers are working as part-time research scholars in the college. Five departments have been recognised as research centres. Nine students have already taken Ph.D from the college. One teacher has been awarded Post-doctoral fellowship abroad. At present 18 faculty members have Ph.D and one M.Phil. One teacher obtained international fellowship in research. Two teachers have on-going research projects funded by University Grants Commission. The college has no provision to provide financial assistance or seed money or advance for teachers and students to initiate or pursue research. However, it is reported that one teacher has completed a project with the financial aid from S.B.Research Foundation. It is to be noted that of the large number of Ph.D holders in the faculty, only few are pursuing research. The research work conducted in the Biochemistry, Environmental Science and Botany Departments need speical appreciation. The list of research papers published recently by the faculty is also small. Concerted efforts have to be taken to motivate the faculty in submitting research proposals to State and National funding agencies. The research committee can do a good job in this regard. The same is the case with availing of grants for international travel for presentation of papers, conduct of Conferences, Seminars, Workshops, COSIP and COHSSIP recently. It has to be mentioned that three teachers availed UGC PTAC grant for presenting papers in national conferences.
The concept of formal consultancy is yet to grow in the college. However, Dept of Computer Science and Environmental Science do some consultancy service and earn revenue. Dept.of Statistics also gives free consultancy. The College has to develop formal consultancy with a view to attract more revenue.
NSS and NCC organise routine extension activities in and around the college. In addition, Environmental Club, Science forum, Computer Science club, etc. also involve in arranging extension activities such as science exhibition, blood donation camp, AIDS awareness campaign, etc. An annual cultural programme 'Shishirotsav' has been organised with a view of blending the socio-cultural activities of the different States. The institution has tie up with GOs and NGOs in organising varied extension programmes. The peer team is happy to note that some teachers of the college have an active role in the Nature Club, an NGO of the locality, in doing commendable service in taking up environmental issues of local relevance.
Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources
S.B.E.S. College of Science, Aurangabad is built on an urban area of 2.5 acres. The bust size statue of the Nobel Laureate Dr. C.V. Raman at the very entrance is a right pointer that you are at the portal of a purely science college. This modest area houses eleven full-fledged departments - Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Botany, Zoology, Electronics, Biochemistry, Statistics, Environmental Science, Analytical Chemistry, Computer Science imparting education at both UG & PG level in addition to the Library, Canteen , Hostels, Parking Shed and Sports Department. A Five Year Plan is made to anticipate the future academic needs of the college and is submitted to the management for approval. Various departments and facilities are maintained, with the help of the maintenance grants from the government and donations collected by the institution. The care taking and maintenance is got done by the college staff.
The college tries to make optimum use of the given space by framing the time table in such a way that even at times laboratories can be used as class rooms and audio-visual aids are shared by various departments. The college infrastructure is issued to other agencies also e.g. rooms are provided for the holding of various exams other than ones for the students. The various departments are well equipped with audio-visual aids to facilitate learning. Teaching aids are provided consisting of film projectors, OHPs, automatic slide projectors, microscopes, transparencies, slides, coloured & black and white TVs, a good number of 16 mm films, video cassettes related to Zoology, Chemistry, environmental science etc. The Botany department has sufficient instruments, museum specimens and very well protected herbarium sheets procured during excursions. The Zoology Department has good museum though animal house is yet to be added. The electronic department has all required equipments related to power and hardware, though optimum use is yet to be made. The departments otherwise rich facultywise and equipmentwise but which need rejuvenation are like chemistry, zoology etc. though one of zoology faculty is rendering useful service to wildlife and nature conservation schemes through some NGOs. Biochemistry, Analytical Chemistry and Environment Science Departments are making efforts to pass the benefit of the faculty learning and knowledge to the students by taking up a number of awareness schemes.
Ample greenery with trees adorning the sideways is found, though it needs the attention of the Botany department and the authorities for proper care and nurture.
There is a central Library functioning in the college from 10:00AM to 05:00PM (7 hours) in routine but time is extended by 4 hours in examination days. The Library subscribes to general journals to help staff and students update their knowledge. Book-bank facility is also available. It is suggested that reprographic facilities, audio and videocassettes also be made available in the library. It is high time that mouse also enters the library & facilitates the work of the library staff and lends a modern look to it. There is need to modernize the library with computers, accessories & Internet browsing station. But the primary requirement is of shifting the library from a cluster of small halls on various floors to a single spacious building near the main building which will encourage more readership and will certainly reduce the staff requirement also. Though there is no central computer facility but the college Computer Science Department has 64 Pentium/Celeron machines, 2 servers, 7 printers and a number of softwares. The department has developed software to help the administrative office like package for pay roll, annual budget, students returns, accounts, time table, attendance etc. Now the general office and the accounts office are both fully computerized. The Computer Science Dept. conducted a short programme for training the non-teaching staff.
There are separate hostels on the campus with 41 students residing out of which 25 are boys & 16 girls. Govt. policies on reservation is followed in hostel admissions. There is a department of Physical Education which provides coaching in outdoor & indoor games. The sports activities will get a great boost on the completion of a gymnasium on the campus. The college canteen calls for a face lift though it is providing the essential services. The college has raised sufficient funds under the scheme of self-financing courses for their smooth running.
It is suggested that Health Centre be created on the campus with first-aid and urgently required medicines. A few workshops for advanced and brilliant students to experiment innovations in their respective fields and an animal house will be added glory. A small separate library & a common room for the hostel residents, also exists.
Criterion V: Student Support & Progression
The college is mainly catering to the needs of the students of the area & the state though a small number of students are from other states as well. At UG level, there are 845 students - 406 female and 439 male and at PG and above level 79. Out of the total admitted, 89.5% actually appear for the qualifying exam at the end of the year and the drop out rate is 10.5% or 13%. But a good number of them are awarded merit scholarships. (155 students got merit scholarships in the last two years.) The admission policy and other information regarding various faculties, various courses with different subject combinations, general instructions regarding exams, various forums like NSS, NCC etc. is given through the college prospectus. The admission committee guides about the selection of subjects.
There are a number of welfare schemes operating in the college e.g. endowment scholarships for bright students, Students' Safety Insurance Scheme, 'Kalyan Nidhi Yojana' for the teaching and non-teaching staff, central govt. & state govt. scholarships for the merit holders and other deserving sections of society like the wards of freedom fighters, jawans and ex-servicemen. Besides some incentives are given to outstanding players in the form of free text books, extra - coaching and special camps to train them.
The NSS department working under two programme officers is doing commendable work. Many noble programmes have been taken up in the past three years like blood donation camps, aids awareness, spread of literacy, construction of a link road to a village & drainage system, training youth for village industry, formation of co-operative milk scheme with villagers & preparation of a documentary on Kumbhephal activities.
A good number of NCC cadets have been selected for ' Basic Leadership Camps' each year. In the year 1998-99, three cadets got selected for Republic Day Parade at New Delhi.
There are other facilities made available to the students for the overall development of their personality. Different clubs and societies work under the supervision of the teachers, prominent among them being Youth Festival and Shishirotsava Committee, Debate Club, Magazine & Nature club. Though there is no separate employment cell in the college, at times, the requisition from various local industries for a list of suitable candidates is responded. Isolated campus interviews, too, had been done for the students of Computer Sc. & Botany departments. It is a feather in the cap of the college that it has been identified as a centre by the Govt. of Maharashtra to run 'Vidynan Manch' for bright school students since 1980. A brief interaction with the students reflected that the students have fairly good communication skills, appreciate and abide by college discipline and have a reasonable level of alertness and comprehension.
The Alumni Association is yet to be started though the list of ex-students presented includes doctors, scientists, social workers, lawyers, businessmen etc.
It is suggested that the college starts a regular Counselling Cell and a Placement Cell so that right kind of guidance & assistance can be given at two levels - admission point and career entrance point. The only linkage or collaboration mentioned is of Environment Science Dept. with National Environment Society, New Delhi. It will be still better if feedback is taken from the students regularly so that further improvement can be brought about in various learning processes and facilities. There is a need to motivate the students and seek parental co-operation for the internal examination to work properly and to check the mentality of the student to miss examinations and skip classes. There is a greater need of the closer association of the alumni with the institution. The Peer Team interaction with Alumni proved useful as sentimental old students got ready to form there and then 'Alumni Association' to help their alma mater grow healthily.
Criterion VI: Organization & Management
The Saraswati Bhuwan Society launched the college with the noble aim of overall national progress and development of individual personality. Though the rights and duties of the educational constituents are valued, the supreme values are national progress and work-efficiency. The management is well versed with the educational affairs as it is running a number of educational institutions. The college seems to have a democratic functioning for policy formulation and implementation. There are a number of committees constituted for the smooth and effective implementation of the programmes. Heads of Departments monitor the functioning of their respective departments and the overall monitoring is done by the Principal. Policies regarding academic planning, admissions, departmental budget, curricular activities are reportedly formulated in consultations with the Head of the Department who, in turn, discusses with the other members. It is encouraging to note that the trustees also take due interest.
There are welfare schemes for the employees e.g. loans are sanctioned by S.B. College Employees' Credit Co-operative Ltd. for permanent employees. In addition, there is Food Loan facility & loan against General Provident Fund. The college has also conducted professional faculty development programmes for Non-Teaching Staff in a modest way such as Computer Awareness.
Criterion VII: Healthy Practices
Though an affiliated institution and essentially a graduate college with only two self financing P.G.Programmes (M.Sc.Computer Science and P.G.Diploma in Environmental Science) S.B.E.S.College has taken care to present a larger picture of itself. Its futuristic, proactive stand in respect of spread of higher education is evident. Introduction of diversified and need-based courses is one of them. Some teachers have also established individual research linkages with their peers in some foreign universities. To encourage research culture in the college, the Management gives encouragement to teachers by way of study leave, support for preparation of research project etc. They have also formed S.B.Research Foundation towards achieving the same objective. These are healthy signs in the case of a degree college.
Conducting of seminars/workshops/short-duration refresher courses, computer awareness programmes and inviting eminent persons to the college for delivering lectures are good steps. Such out reach academic exercises would help both the teachers and the students to know much more about their own subjects in addition to what they learn as per prescribed syllabi.
"Personality Development Group" formed at the initiative of teachers, community oriented village development schemes, regular science exhibitions in which students play leading roles, annual publication of college magazine "Orbit" etc. are again good practices that sustain and promote healthy educational atmosphere. The Peer Team noted with pleasure that the students of the college wear uniforms on all the days of the week, symbolizing equality and simplicity. The daily singing of the national anthem is also a matter of satisfaction.
Section 3: Overall Analysis
S.B.E.S.College Aurangabad, located in the relatively backward region of Maharashtra, has contributed significantly to its educational advancement. The college has recorded a steady growth and a healthy evolution in right academic direction during its nearly 4 decades of existence. The Peer Team was impressed by the great deal of enthusiasm shown by the authorities and the faculty in the assessment process which they saw as an occasion for introspection. The Peer Team noted a number of features in the functioning of the college that deserve special mention. They are listed below under 'commendations'. The Team feels that it would be in the fitness of things if it makes a few recommendations for consideration.
Being essentially a degree college, introduction of M.Sc.Computer Science and a P.G.Diploma course in Environmental Science in distance mode on self-financing basis is a welcome progressive step.
Linkage with National Environmental Science Centre, New Delhi for the conduct of the above P.G.Diploma is a laudable proactive endeavor for an affiliated college.
Twenty three combinations are available in eleven science subjects, 40 percents of which are career-oriented and thus attractive to the students. This shows the educational dynamism of the institution.
Wide use of non-lecture methods of instructions and teaching technologies is a notable forward stride.
Though an affiliated institution, the faculty members have involved themselves in framing syllabi and restructuring of various courses in their capacities as members of Academic Council, Board of Studies, Ad-hoc committees etc. This is a right action in updating the teaching - learning process.
Preparation of teaching plan at the commencement of the academic year, its monitoring through subsequent months and weeks by the concerned teachers and HODs are laudable steps to help maintain standards.
Departments like Biochemistry, Environmental Science and Botany had succeeded in getting research projects from national funding agencies like the U.G.C. They are also recognized as research centres by the university. However, there is need to attract more research projects to keep the research culture dynamic.
That ten students having already taken their Ph.D. from the college and nine more presently working for their Ph.D. speaks for the research culture taking root in the institution.
Though there seems to be decline of publication in recent years yet there has been publication of research papers in the national and international journals in the past.
It is heartening to know that there is an internal quality assurance cell is working in the college for coordinating, monitoring and reviewing various academics and extension activities.
It is also heartening to note that the local member of the parliament Shri.Chandrakant Khaire had announced to allocate Rs. 15 Lakhs from MP's funds for the purchase of the computers.
Available space is optimally utilized through adjustment between various departments and through letting it out to various agencies including university, U.P.S.C, L.I.C., Banks etc. for conducting examination.
It is seen that nearly 50% of the students get some financial assistance either Governmental or otherwise. This includes both merit-based and means based scholarships. This is a welcome situation.
Occasional professional development and computer awareness programmes are arranged for the non-teaching staff. This is also a welcome step.
At present there is no central computer facility. Since a Computer Science laboratory functions within the campus, the Management could consider setting up a central computer facility also. This will be beneficial to other departments, researchers and to other students and teachers in general.
Management could also think of setting up a workshop cum instrumentation centre on a modest scale in the college. Since the college is totally devoted to science subjects, a workshop will be in the long-term interest of the institution.
The Management could consider forming a separate cell for organizing special classes in the evenings for preparing students for select competitive examination.
Annual examinations are conducted by the University. However, the college can very well organize periodic tests to assess the progress of the students throughout the year, instead of merely at the end of it. Learning has to be a continuous process, not a one-time event. Assessment also will have to be a continuous affair in order to be really effective.
Since teaching-learning is a reciprocal process, some workable system of collecting feed back from the student on the effectiveness of teaching can also be thought of.
At present only part time research scholars are there. Probably many of them may be working teachers. Since the Saraswati Bhuvan Research Foundation is already functioning, Management could consider instituting a couple of Research Fellowships in select areas and appoint regular full time Research Scholars Or the Fellowships can be instituted through sponsorship by industries. Full time research scholars can strengthen the research culture of the college.
The college has built up strong capability in some areas like Environment Science and Biochemistry. A consultancy cell can, therefore, be formed to give leadership in the area of consultancy.
Quite a large number of laboratory assistants and technicians are employed by the college. Their services can be more effectively utilized if short duration technical updating programmes are conducted for their benefit.
Library functions well. However, the authorities may consider a few improvements. Computerization is one suggestion. The second suggestion is about the possibility of making reprographic facilities in the library. The third one pertains to the timing. If possible, the working hours can be stretched by a couple of hours even during non-examination period. These steps would attract more students to the library.
Counselling has become a necessity in all modern institutions and therefore, the authorities can consider arranging some counselling system on a formal and regular basis. Academic, career and personal issues of the students can be tackled through such an arrangement.
Though campus interviews are conducted by some companies, it will be appropriate if a placement cell can be formally constituted in the college to give a thrust in this direction.
In subjects like Biochemistry and Environmental Science, it is seen that there is no separate U.G.Board at the University level. It will be better to have separate U.G.Board when courses are available at that level. P.G. Board may not be able to do full justice to U.G. programmers. Attention of the University authorities may be invited to this.
The Peer Team noted that there is some disparity between different departments in their capabilities, particularly in research. The authorities may look into this problem and encourage weaker departments to be more proactive in their activities.
Some computer familiarzation courses may be introduced in morning and evening hours for the benefits of the students who do not receive computer education now.
Some students expressed a desire to have an authentic and formal feedback system so that they could communicate their views on the quality of teaching and other aspects of the functioning of the college.
There was also a desire on the part of the students to have semester system. The University authorities may be moved in this respect.
The need for organizing remedial courses on a formal basis also was raised both by students and by the parents. This could be considered to reduce dropout rates and to improve results.
Though the need for a Grievence Redressal Cell was not felt so far, some students expressed a desire that the formation of such a cell could be useful for they would get a formal forum to air their small problems regarding various academic and other issues.
Maintenance of buildings and laboratories etc. is generally a costly affair. However it is an inevitable necessity in any institution of reputation. This can be done regularly only if necessary funds are available. The Peer Team, therefore, suggests the creation of corpus fund for the purpose of meeting maintenance charges of the S.B.E.S.College. The interest from the corpus fund could be utilized for annual maintenance.
Peer Team wishes the college all the best in their future endeavors.
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