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Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati, Maharashtra
Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati, Maharashtra
Address:Morshi Road, Amravati, Maharashtra
Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati Maharashtra is a recognised institute / college.
Shri Shivaji Science College is situated in Amravati of Maharashtra state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Website of Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati Maharashtra is http://www.shivajiscamt.org/.
Contact Details of Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati Maharashtra are : Telephone: +91-721-2551366, 2665485, 2660855
Media coverage of Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati Maharashtra, Maharashtra
NAAC report of Shri Shivaji Science CollegeSECTION 1: INTRODUCTION
Shri Shivaji Science College was started as a Department of the Shri Shivaji College, Amravati (in 1958). The Department grew very fast and in 1969 it was separated into a full-fledged science college and moved into a new premises. Later the college occupied the present campus spreading over 5.5 acres.
The college inherits a great tradition from stalwarts of the old times. Shri Shivaji Education Society, the parent body of the college was launched in 1931 by a great soul, Dr Punjabrao Deshmukh also known as Shikshan Maharshi because of his contribution to the cause of education. The college now is affiliated to Amravati University which came into existence in 1983 to give educational leadership to the Amravati region.
To begin with Shri Shivaji Science College was a degree institution. Presently 16 subjects are taught in the college in 13 combinations. In enrollment, it is the largest institution under the Amravati University. Later on three P.G. Departments were introduced in Chemistry, Physics and Zoology. Recently they have added a very important P. G. course in Computer Science. Still later M. Phil and Ph. D. were introduced though the former was discontinued from 1998 as per University requirement. It is a pleasure to note that the college now has 5 Departments approved as Research Centers by the University. Several scholars (part time) pursue their research here and many research projects are being undertaken.
The college recorded steady growth through three decades of its existence. Accommodation was gradually expanded and presently its infrastructure facilities are shared by the junior college also on shift basis. The univerisity and the Government have approved this. Being the oldest private college in the area, Shri Shivaji Science College has played a dominant role in spreading science education in the relatively backward Amravati region of Maharashtra. It has been quite dynamic in this activity. It has taken care to introduce diversified and career oriented courses like Geology, Environmental Science, Microbiology and recently Computer Science. In 1995, it also introduced the UGC sponsored Vocational Course at degree level. Vocational Biotechnology at degree level is started from the current year.
With such history of growth, it is but natural that the college decided to go for assessment and accreditation. Not surprisingly the Amravati University itself is reported to have recommended that the Shri Shivaji Science College is a fit case for accreditation. The authorities, therefore, decided in favour of the process. They volunteered to be assessed and accreditated by NAAC and submitted a detailed self-study report to the national agency. Accordingly the NAAC constituted a Peer Team for the purpose with the following members: Dr. A. N. P. Ummerkutty (Chairman) Former Vice Chancellor, Calicut University, Dr. K. G. Narayana Pillai, Director, College Development council, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam (Member) and Prof. Rama Krishna Kar, Principal, Ravenshaw College (Autonomous), Cuttack (Member). Mr. B. S. Madhukar, Assistant Adviser, NAAC co-coordinated the visit.
The Peer Team visited the Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati on 3rd to 5th October 2001. Prior to the Visit the members had the benefit of studying the self-study report sent by the college through NAAC. During their stay in the campus they visited all the academic departments, the administrative buildings, central library, computer department, sports facilities and all other functional centers located in the campus. They held detailed discussions with the Principal and with the members of the Governing Council and the Local Management Committee. They also interacted extensively with the teachers, non-teaching staff, and representatives of students, parents and alumni. In the evenings they spent considerable time in validating various documents made available to them. On the basis of the inputs during the visits and the information furnished in the self-study report prepared by the college, the Peer Team is pleased to present the following report.
SECTION 2: CRITERION-WISE ANALYSIS
Criterion I: Curricular Aspects
Shri Shivaji College of Science was started with few science subjects, such as, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology as in other colleges of the area. Considering the fast changing educational scenario of the country few career oriented UG and PG courses were started in the college subsequently. Microbiology (1981) Geology (1984) Computer Science and Statistics (1988) and Environmental Science (1999) were the UG and Chemistry (1998 ), Physics (1992), Zoology(1992) & Computer Software (2000) were the PG courses thus introduced. In addition, college also started UGC aided vocational computer applications (UG) in 1995 and Computer Software (PG) in the current year. Urdu, Marathi and Sanskrit are made available as optional second languages in addition to Hindi. English is the compulsory language for all degree students. College provides 6 streams of Mathematics and 5 streams of Biology at UG level. Degree courses follow 3 main system. English is the medium of instruction.
Zoology, Botany, Physics, Microbiology and Chemistry are the departments recognized by the University as centers for doing research leading to Ph.D. College has also made provision for the study of degree, diploma and certificate courses of various need-based subjects, of Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik. This arrangement will help the students to study various subjects simultaneously, in addition to their regular courses. So, the college has made maximum efforts to make the programmes flexible within the rigid curricular framework of Amravati University. It is to be noted that introduction of new courses is expedited by the efforts of the college, though normally it may take two to three years. The programme are generally in conformity with the mission, goals and objectives of the Society, which established the institution.
The syllabi and curricula of the courses are decided by the university. However, the representatives of the college faculty in the Board of Studies of the university participate in the revision and redesign of the syllabi.
There is no formal feedback on programmes from academic peers and employers. At the same time, few departments have some link with institutions from which they get an informal feed back on the quality of the courses. The staff meeting, seminars etc have also been used as a tool for obtaining feedback on various programmes.
It may be pointed out that only two streams of students are now getting an exposure to Computer Science. So, steps may be taken to give training to maximum students by increasing subject combinations or by enrichment courses on Computer Science and Information Technology. In addition, the peer team is of the view that rapport with Industries and Industrial experts may be established to get a formal feedback on the quality of the out-going students.
Criterion II : Teaching - learning and Evaluation
Selection of students is based on merit and reservation policy of the Government. There is no entrance or aptitude test either for UG and PG admission. Formal mechanism of quality assessment of students after admission is also not practiced. However, students are assessed through conventional methods of question - answers, periodic and term tests. Teaching plans are prepared year and month wise at the beginning of the academic year. Daily notings are recorded in the academic diary by every teacher. The work is monitored by the Heads of the Department, Academic Committee and Principal. The syllabi are unitized. Extra and special classes are arranged as and when needed.
Talk and chalk is the main method of teaching. However, lecture classes are supplemented with audio-visual aids, charts and models. There is no media facility for the preparation of software and teaching aids. Installation of a central facility of teaching equipments for their optimum use and media facility for the preparation of teaching software are recommended.
UGC-stipulated teaching days and workload are followed. The peer team records their concern over the high absenteeism and dropout of the students from the classes, particularly during the first term of the first year. It is reported that this is due to be late publication of admission list of professional courses.
A composite selection committee makes teacher selection on merit and the reservation policy of the Government. Teaching posts are created observing Government norms and contributory teachers are appointed by the Principal subject to the approval of the authorities.
College has recently introduced teacher evaluation by students through a set of questionnaire. It has to be mentioned that the questionnaire need modification and updating. Annual self-appraisal forms in the UGC format are submitted by teachers, which are analysed by the Principal. Feedback on self-appraisal is conveyed to the teachers through personal discussion.
Teachers are encouraged to attend seminars, refresher courses, workshops and other faculty development programmes. A few of the faculty have received awards and attained recognition. Few teachers publish textbooks and guides.
Examination system is annual and the university publishes the examination calendar. The university conducts annual examination. Peer team gives due credit to the month and term wise tests conducted at the class and college level. The examinations and evaluation methods are communicated through the prospectus at the beginning of the year. However, the team feels that it would be better if the University adopt semester pattern, internal assessment, credit system and continuous evaluation in PG and UG classes, at least in a phased manner. The college authorities may bring this matter with the appropriate University forum.
It is satisfying to note that voluntary services of retired teachers of the college are utilized as and when needed.
The peer team is happy to note the cordial relationship between the teachers, supporting staff and the students existing in the campus.
Criterion III: Research, Consultancy and Extension
The college provides a good ambience for research. Teachers are given deputation for doing M.Phil & Ph.D. under FDP programme of UGC. Seed money for research though small, on duty leave, adjustments to teaching schedule, travel allowances (PTAC) etc. are given to those who pursue research, attend seminars and conferences. There is a research committee in the college which promotes preparation and submission of projects to the funding agencies.
Teachers are given freedom to publish research findings in academic forum and journals. Of the 43 teachers 16 are with Ph.D. and 9 with M.Phil degree. It is reported that about 55% of the teachers are involved in research. It is gratifying to note that about 100 research papers are to the credit of the college. At present there are 9 full time and 10 part time research scholars working in the college. There are eight ongoing minor projects undertaken by teachers. About 3 Lakh rupees have been obtained as research fund from external agencies. It is reported that 17 teachers attended national seminars and 3 international seminars in the recent past. 13 teachers attended UGC-sponsored refresher courses in various universities. Five teachers received FDP fellowship (UGC) in the IX plan period. Few teachers are members of professional bodies such as Association of Microbiologists, Society for Pure and Applied Natural Sciences, Society for Remote Sensing, Cartographic Association etc. College runs the oldest Mycology laboratory in the city area attached to Botany Dept. It is reported that the Botany department has undertaken commendable work in Mycology, especially in Mushroom Culture. It is heartening to note that popularization of Mushroom Culture among the local people and adivasis has been undertaken by the department.
Peer Team recommends that concerted efforts have to be taken to motivate all research degree holders of the faculty to undertake projects and continue research. Quality publications in national and international journals have to be enhanced. It is to be noted that faculty may utilize the facility of international travel grants of various funding agencies for paper presentation outside the country. This will give an on-the-spot awareness of the work going on in reputed laboratories.
The concept of formal consultancy is yet to take momentum. It is notable that the college has taken steps to notify the expertise of the faculty through media and brochures. It is informed that the Geology Department has earned a sum of Rs. 13,000/- as consultancy fee during the last year. College has developed a formula for the equitable distribution of the earnings to consultant, host department and college. Few other teachers are also giving informal consultancy free of cost.
NCC & NSS organize routine extension activities. The major extension activities undertaken are in the field of health and hygiene awareness, Astronomical observations, Blood donations, Environment awareness, flower show, Adult education and literacy, community development, mushroom cultivation etc. Faculty of the various Departments may also involve in extension and outreach activities so that the expertise of them will be beneficial to the local public.
Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources
The College is situated in an area of 5.50 acres. The College building has total built up carpet area of 4602.33 sq.m. It has 11 class rooms, library with separate reading room, laboratories, a furnished seminar room, a multipurpose hall for indoor games and other activities, a poly house, common room for girls, toilets for gents and ladies and eight staff rooms for members of the staff of different departments. The laboratories are well equipped. The College has a plan for future expansion with the construction of 4 additional classrooms, open-air gymnasium and sports complex. Funds from State Government and management are used to maintain the building and the campus.
The College Library has a total stock of 18,800 books with 975 titles added in last two years at a cost of Rs.1,98,686/-. Computerization of Library has been started. The software supplied by UGC is being used.. The stock has already been computerized. The presently the library has no reprographic facility. It has video and audiocassettes, slide projector for use of students. There is book-bank facility. Encyclopedia of Americana, Britannica and Life magazine. are available in the Library. It also subscribes to several journals and periodicals to help the students and teachers to keep up with the latest development. There is a small Computer facility with two systems having Internet connection & laser printers. The Centre remains open on holidays and off-hours.
The College has a Computer Science Department established in the year 1988 sponsored by UGC offering teaching up to B.Sc. level. The Department has established a computer laboratory having 24 Computer systems. However several systems are of old generation and require replacement with latest models. In addition, Physics Department has one Computer and Statistics Department has two. The Computers and accessories are maintained through repair grant provided in the budget.
The College has no hostel facility of its own. However the girl students are accommodated in the hostels maintained by the society. There is no health center attached to the college. However the management runs a medical college adjacent to it that caters to the needs of the college community.
The College has sports facility having Table Tennis Hall, play ground for Volleyball, Kho Kho, Kabbadi and Badminton. It is informed that the students of the college are permitted to use the Government stadium located nearby. Blazers and medals are given to outstanding sports persons to encourage student participation in games and sports. In addition priority in admission is also provided to outstanding sports candidates.
The College has provision for remedial coaching for slow learners.
Criterion V : Student support and progression.
The College draws students mainly form the locality. It caters to the needs of 652 undergraduates and 82 postgraduate students. In addition, 17 students are enrolled for Ph.D. The prospectus is updated and printed every year. Personal counseling of students by the teachers is encouraged, through a ' Guardian Teacher Scheme' which is appreciated. Feedback from the students is obtained in a prescribed questionnaire which is used by the teachers for self improvement..
Financial aid is available to the students in the form of scholarships from Central and State Governments. In addition a few scholarships are instituted by Philanthropists. Several scholarships are instituted exclusively for girl students to encourage them to go for higher learning. The care for women students is evident from greater percentage of girls than boys at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In addition to scholarships, the College provides free studentship to children of economically backward classes. The Students Aid Fund provided by the college is another good feature. About 31 % of the students enrolled receive financial aid, which is impressive. The college has implemented a compulsory student insurance scheme against accidents:
In addition to routine learning the college encourages students for sports and for recreational activities through nature club, debate club, cultural programmes and competitions. It has resulted in winning the trophy for intercollegiate debate competition at state level and 'Mrs. Kusum Tai Nande Prize' at university level. Extra curricular activities such as NSS and NCC are encouraged. The performance of girl NCC cadets is highly impressive. They won three medals including Bronze for Duke of Edinburg award. A girl NCC cadet was 'C' certificate topper 1998-99.
The College had a 17% dropout rate in 1999-2000. But the drop out rate at undergraduate level has been reduced by about 50% in the next batch with an appreciable (around 15 %) increase in success rate. The increase in success rate is because of the effectiveness of remedial coaching.
The alumni association is defunct now. However, in the peer team meeting with the alumni a desire was expressed by the participants to make it operational. The college authorities may take pro-active involvement in the matter.
A placement cell is to be created for the benefit of the students. This is a strongly felt need, which was also expressed by the students.
Criterion VI: Organisation and Management.
The college is managed by the Local Management Committee (LMC) constituted as per Statutes. It consists of 10 members, five from the Society and five from the college. The President of the Society is the ex-officio chairman of the LMC and Principal is its ex-officio member secretary. The Local Managing Committee meets twice or as and when required and provides guidance for the long term & short-term activities to be undertaken by the college. 32 administrative committees have been framed by the Principal which take care of the various curricular and extra curricular activities of the college. These committees are guided by the directives issued by the principal. The Committees include College Council, Council of Heads, Finance Committee, Students Council, College Time Table Committee, Library Committee etc. The Time-Table Committee frame the academic calendar before the commencement of academic year and made available to the students at admission.
The college occasionally conducts programmes for developing professional competence of non-teaching staff. The basic training course in computers is one such programme which has helped the office automation.
Medical facility at concessional rate is available to the college community through the sister institution, namely Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Medical College. In addition, loans of various type are given by the college on salary deduction scheme through the Panjabrao Deshmukh Urban Co-operative Bank, which is another sister institution. Festival advance and grain advance are given by the college.
Though there is no formal grievance redressal cell in the college, all normal complaints are resolved by the principal from time to time. The Principal is getting feedback on the grievances from existing channel like Guardian Teacher Forum, Students Council, Suggestion Box etc.
Finance committee prepares the annual budget to be approved by the LMC. Internal Audit is done by the Chartered Accountant appointed by the Society and external by the Government.
Additional resources are mobilized by consultancy, job work, by computer center and royalty from open university courses.
Criterion - VII Healthy Practices
A proactive and progressive approach has been the hallmark of Shri Shivaji Science College in recent years. This is evident from the introduction of vocationalised U. G. programme in Computer Software sponsored by U.G.C. in 1995. On completion of the above programme, the UGC has allotted to the college one more vocational U.G. programme in Biotechnology. It is to their credit that simultaneously the College was able to attract another Biotechnology programme from the Government of Maharashtra at graduate level. Introduction of such career-based and region-specific courses is indeed a healthy sign.
Similarly the option in second language has been widened by introducing Sanskrit and Urdu as additional second languages to meet the aspirations of different segments of the student community.
Collaborative efforts with Shri Shivaji College of Agriculture, a sister institution, in setting up and maintaining a Mycology Research laboratory is also a good initiative.
The Peer Team was pleased to note a novel practice initiated by the Principal in subjecting himself to assessment by faculty and non-teaching staff. A questionnaire was evolved and distributed to representative samples of faculty and non-teaching staff eliciting response on various aspects of the functioning of the Principal after completion of 2 years of assumption of charge by the present Principal. The information gathered has been properly analysed and utilized.
The availability of a few Scholarships from 'Angris Temple' in U.S.A. through the efforts of one of the staff members of the college is indeed a welcome action. Such trends will have to be encouraged.
SECTION 3 : OVERALL ANALYSIS
Shri Shivaji Science College is a constituent of the Shri Shivaji Education Society which is one of the largest educational agencies in the State of Maharashtra. Though it had a humble beginning with Shri Shivaji Maratha High School and its Hostel nearly 70 years back, the society now has over 230 educational establishments from Primary Schools to P. G. Colleges and several specialized and supportive educational institutions. The activities of the Society extend to many districts in the Vidarbha region. The Society and Shri Shivaji Science College have thus served the people of a relatively backward area in a meaningful way. The college, in its turn, is trying to maintain the tradition of service in its own way.
One pleasant thing the Peer Team noted is that the authorities are aware not only of the strength of the institution, but also of its weaknesses. While feeling satisfied about the former, they have projected plans for the removal of the latter. The Team extends good wishes to the institution in their genuine efforts to strive forward for the cause of education.
The Peer Team noted a number of features in the functioning of the college that certainly deserve mention. They are listed below under 'commendations'. The Team also feels it necessary to point out a few issues that the Management could consider in their future developmental plans. Some of them have already attracted their attention. However, all such points are listed separately under 'recommendations'.
Introduction of need-based, region-specific courses in Chemistry, Environmental Science, Microbiology and Computer Software is creditable. So, also is the inplementation of UGC-sponsored vocationalised degree programmes in Computer Application and Biotechnology.
Lecture method of instruction is supplemented by audio-visual devices, charts, models, discussions, seminars, project works etc.
Though the annual exams are conducted by the University, the college conducts periodic tests to assess and monitor the performance of the students.
Self-appraisal by teachers is analysed by the Principal and HOD and is used for placement / promotion purpose.
Intercollegiate seminars conducted by Chemistry Department in laudable. Other major Departments can also undertake similar activities.
Teaching plan is prepared by teachers in advance and are monitored throughout the year. Teachers maintain daily diaries of work. This is certainly a good system.
More than one-fourth of the teachers hold Ph.D. and about one-sixth M.Phil
Of the eight faculty members recruited during last year, seven are from other institutions. Such infusion of new blood from other institutions is indeed welcome.
Faculty participation in national level conferences / seminars is good, 17 of them participating in various events and 5 of them serving as resource persons.
Many teachers have been or / are members of various academic bodies of University, like Academic Council, faculties, Boards of Studies, Senate and Executive Council. They play important roles in framing, restructuring etc. of syllabi.
Due importance is given to research in many departments. Not only is there a research committee, but also good encouragement is given to teachers for undertaking research. There are 8 ongoing minor projects worth about Rs. 3 lakhs.
Peer Team is impressed with the importance given to consultancy. The College has taken care to publicize the consultancy service available with them and a modest sum has been mobilized through consultancy.
Extension service are good and cover broad areas of activities useful to the society.
Many teachers are members of various professional bodies like Indian Science Congress, Association of Microbiologists, Indian Geological Congress, Indian Society of Remote Sensing, Indian Cartographic Association etc.
Infrastructure built up during the last 3 decades is adequate and is optimally utilized. Even external agencies are allowed to use the facilities on holidays and during out of office hours.
Working hours for the Library is very good-from 7 am to 6 pm.
The computer faculty caters to all the needs of the college working from 7 am to 8 pm and are accessible on all holidays and off hours.
Geniune attempts at decentralization of responsibilities through various 'administrative committees' are right steps.
Availability of loans through Banks sponsored by the parent body is an innovative, but useful practice. In addition, the college registered a 'Salary Earners Co-operative Society' recently for the benefit of the employees of the college.
The Guardian Teacher Scheme which exists in the college is appreciable.
Beautification of the college and the Garden through the Garden Club with the participation of the college community is notable.
Annual address by the Principal to all newly admitted students in the beginning of the academic year is an innovative practice.
The availability of a few scholarships from 'Angris Temple', U.S.A. through the efforts of one of the members of the staff of the college is a healthy initiative.
It is to be appreciated that some members of the alumni openly offered during interaction their willingness to raise a corpus fund to support the research activities of the college.
The wearing of identity card by the student need appreciation. Entry of non-students in the campus could be effectively checked by this means.
Deputation of NCC cadets for supporting police in traffic control festivals etc. needs comment.
The practice of Principal being assessed by the representatives of the teachers and non-teachers is highly appreciated.
In the self-study Report the authorities themselves have identified 15 points where the institution lags at present. The very fact of identification points to their determination to take positive steps for their rectification. This is welcome. The Peer Team suggests that the College may set up, on priority basis, an internal quality assurance cell with the Principal as Chairman to examine the short-term and long-term remedial measures that could be taken up in the matter.
Similarly, 'Future line of Action' included in the Self-Study Report is another list of areas where the authorities would like to adopt positive lines of action. 'Potentials of the institution' a third list of concerns included in the Self Study Report presents yet another set of issues in which authorities plan early action. Both lists include short-term and long-term measures. Since these problems have already been taken note of by the management the Peer Team does not wish to say anything more on the matter. We wish them good speed.
A few additional and specific recommendations the Peer Team wishes to make in respect of academic matters are given below:
Dropout rate seems to be high at 17%. One out of every eight student admitted becomes a dropout later. The authorities may analyse the situation, identify reasons for the phenomenon and take necessary remedial measures. Such a step will be useful to improve the general pass percentage also.
Institution of a few Research Fellowship can qualitatively alter the whole academic atmosphere of the college. To sustain a research culture, full time researchers are necessary.
Counselling arrangements on a more systematic way may be set up. Academic, career and personal counselling deserve a better deal in the all-round interest of the students. Many parents demanded some counselling.
A Corpus Fund may be created exclusively for the college to support research activities. Seed money can be provided and financial assistence extended to scholars out of this fund. The need for research was emphasised by parents also.
Possibility of introducing more unaided programmes may be considered. There is scope for introducing many agri-based courses such as Seed Technology, Food Processing, Nutrition and dietetics, Sericulture, Mushroom culture etc. It will provide a larger number of combinations with the already existing courses and all of them will be career-oriented such a need was raised by many parents also.
Since the Society has under its control many other institutions such as Medical College, Agricultural College, Engineering College and Arts and Commerce College, the Management may consider evolving inter-institutional, career- oriented programmes to suit the needs of students.
The college could think of setting up a separate unit for organizing special coaching classes to prepare the students for various types of competitive examinations. More advanced and motivated students can benefit from it.
The Peer Team wishes the institutions all the best in its future endeavors.
Prof. A.N.P. Ummerkutty
Dr. K. G. Narayana Pillai
Prof. Ram Krushna Kar
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