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Sri Gurajada Apparao Government Degree College, Yelamanchili, Vishakhapatnam (Vizag Waltair), Andhra Pradesh
Sri Gurajada Apparao Government Degree College, Yelamanchili, Vishakhapatnam (Vizag Waltair), Andhra Pradesh
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Yelamanchili, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Vishakhapatnam (Vizag Waltair) (District Visakhapatnam)
Andhra Pradesh, India
Sri Gurajada Apparao Government Degree College, Yelamanchili, Vishakhapatnam (Vizag Waltair) Andhra Pradesh is a recognised institute / college.
Sri Gurajada Apparao Government Degree College, Yelamanchili is situated in Vishakhapatnam (Vizag Waltair) of Andhra Pradesh state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com.
Media coverage of Sri Gurajada Apparao Government Degree College, Yelamanchili, Vishakhapatnam (Vizag Waltair) Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh
NAAC report of Sri Gurajada Apparao Government Degree College, YelamanchiliSection I Introduction
Sri Gurajada Apparao Government Degree College, Yellamanchili, Visakhapatnam Dist, Andhra Pradesh was established in 1987, in order to cater to the needs of the educational aspirations of this backward area. It is named after one of the Social Reformers and Father modern Telugu literature, Sri Gurajada Apparao. This Government College is temporarily affiliated to Andhra University, Visakhapatnam. It is a co-education College situated in a rural area, spared over 6.27 acres at Yellamanchili, with a population of around 40,000. The built up area is 2480.26 SM consisting of Class Rooms, Laboratories, Office, Library, Staff Room and common rooms. The College to start with, was offering BA and B.Com programmes. Later in 1997, B.Sc programme was introduced. There are 12 teaching Departments (English, Telugu, History, Economics, Rural Development, Rural Industrialization, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Botany, Zoology and Commerce) under the faculties of Arts, Science and Commerce. In all, there are 16 permanent teaching staff (14 Male + 2 Female) and 9 non-teaching staff (7 Male + 2 Female). The student strength for the current year is 473 (278 Boys & 195 Girls). The College has a Library and a Sports Unit, looked after by a qualified Librarian and a Physical Director.
The College follows annual calendar. The unit cost of the education is Rs. 4375/- without salary and Rs.11,581/- with salary component.
The College has a drop out rate of around 7-25 percent. The pass percent is around 63-76 % and is generally above the University average percentage of results.
The College volunteered to be assessed and accredited by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), Bangalore. Accordingly, it submitted its Self Study Report (SSR) in the prescribed format in 2006. NAAC constituted a Peer Team Consisting of Dr.Pankajam Sundaram, Former Vice Chancellor, Mother Teresa University, Tamil Nadu, as Chairperson, Dr.Y.M.Jayaraj, Former Director, CDC, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga and Special Officer, Quality Assurance Cell, Department of Collegiate education, Government of Karnataka, as Member Coordinator and Dr.Giri Ranganathan, Joint Director Collegiate Education, Govt. of Tamil Nadu, Chenni as Member. Dr.Lata Pillai, Adviser, NAAC coordinated the overall process and visit, from the Head Office, Bangalore.
The Peer Team visited the College on 7th and 8th March 2006 to validate the data given in the Self Study Report and interacted with the Principal, teaching faculty, non-teaching staff, students, alumni, parents and officers of QAC, Dept. of Collegiate Education, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. The Peer Team also perused and verified the documentary evidences made available to it by the College. Based on the SSR, its validation and outcome of the interaction with all the stake holders, as per the seven criterion identified by the NAAC, the Peer Team has arrived at a value based judgment and the same is presented in the following pages.
Criterion wise Analysis
The College has set out a very realistic aim and objective for the upliftment of this rural area. Quality education, personality development, entrepreneurship, soft skills, scientific temper, rational thinking, confidence building and humanitarian approach are the cardinal principles of the vision statement.
In order to realize its vision, the College established in 1987 is offering BA, B.Com and B.Sc degree courses. To start with BA was offered with HEP combination (History, Economics and Political Science). In 1997, B.Sc programme was launched with two combinations (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as one & Botany, Zoology and Chemistry as second combination), each with an intake of 30 each.
In the same year, new combinations (namely History, Economics and Rural Development and History, Economics and Rural Industrialization) were introduced at BA, withdrawing the earlier combination namely HEP. Thus Political Science was dropped and Rural Development and Rural Industrialization were introduced in 1997. The sanctioned strength for BA and B.Sc for each combination is 30 and for B.Com it is 60.
There are no Certificate or Diploma Courses or Career Oriented programmes at present. But the College proposes to introduce a few self-supporting certificate courses with a thrust on vocationalization. Thus, there are 3 UG courses namely BA, B.Sc and B.Com. BA course is offered with 2 combinations (HERD or HERI) while B.Sc is offered with 2 combinations (MPC or CBZ). Thus students here have a choice of combinations at BA or B.Sc course. Being an affiliated College, it has limited scope for curriculum development. Staff members are yet to get an opportunity to serve as the members of statutory bodies of University (BOE, AC or Syndicate) to contribute to curriculum development or its review. But it has a scope to introduce new courses from time to time with the permission of University & Government.
Teaching, Learning and Evaluation
The students are admitted to this College based on merit cum reservation policy of Government of Andhra Pradesh. The student strength for the current year is as follows
BA HERD, BA HERI, B.Com, B.Sc MPC, B.Sc CBZ
Of the 473 students, 195 are girls and 278 are boys. There are 105 SC, 02 ST, 195 OBC and 171 GM category of students.
Being affiliated to Andhra University, the College has to follow the regulations and syllabus prescribed by the parent University. The College has 229 working days and 209 teaching days. The College follows annual system of academic calendar. All the courses and classes are taught in Telugu medium. As per the regulations of UG course, English and Telugu are taught as compulsory languages (one paper each) at first and second year of UG course. Then, the students of BA or B.Sc are expected to study 3 subjects of equal importance (HERD or HERI or MPC or CBZ) as a combination for all the three years. Each subject will have 4 papers, one each at 1st and 2nd year while there will be 2 papers at final year. The students of B.Com have no options or choice.
In all there are 12 Teaching Departments under 3 the faculties namely Arts, Science and Commerce. There are 6 Departments under the faculty of Arts namely Department of English, Telugu, History, Economics, Rural Development, & Rural Industrialization. There are five Departments under the faculty of Science namely Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. The faculty of Commerce has one Department namely Commerce only.
The College has 16 permanent teachers (14 male and 2 female) of whom one is acting as I/C Principal and 3 contract teachers (2 male and 1female). Among the 16 permanent teaching staff, 2 teachers have Ph.D. while 2 have M.Phil to their credit. It is a matter of appreciation, that the 3contract teachers are paid Rs.7500/- per month. Of the 16 permanent staff 06 have UGC & 10 have state pay scale. Thus full time teachers teach the entire syllabus. Since last year, the teachers have started documenting the teaching plans & also the teaching dairy in a new pro forma. Lecturing is the predominant teaching method. Since this year, pedagogical innovations like assignments, seminars and quiz, especially for fast learners have been introduced. Field studies and guest lectures are also followed to strengthen the learning activities. Remedial coaching is done informally.
Since the current academic year, the students are made to appear for 4 unit tests (slip tests) conducted by staff and one half yearly examination and one preparatory examination conducted by the college.
The pass percentage during 2004-05 was 73 for BA, 82 for B.Sc and 44 for B.Com course. However during 2003-04, the pass percentages were 86, 76 and 72 for BA, B.Sc and B.Com respectively. Usually, the College results are above the overall pass percent of University average. On an average, around 50% of the pass students are able to achieve first classes in the University examinations.
Research, Consultancy and Extension
Being an Undergraduate institution situated in a rural area, the scope for research is limited. Among the 16 permanent teachers 2 have Ph.D while other two have M.Phil degree to their credit. A teacher of Commerce has published 8 articles in edited books and has co-authored one book and has participated in 12 national seminars. A teacher of the Department of Telugu has published two creative books (collection of poems) and has two manuscripts under publication. He has also published review and research articles in Journals and magazines. A teacher of the Dept. of Botany has one publication to his credit also attended 4 national seminars/workshops. However, during the last 5 years only 2 research articles have been published in national Journals. The teachers offer honorary consultancy service to NGOs and SGOs as resource persons.
The College has one NSS unit with a strength of 100 volunteers (73 boys + 27 girls) NSS unit has undertaken works and campaign related to AIDS & Filarial control, health awareness, afforestation, adoption of villages, scientific temper, awareness against dogmas and blind belief etc. It also collaborates with a local NGO in the campaign related to evils related to youth. A unit of Youth Red Cross is also actively engaged in Blood donation awareness and AIDS awareness.
Infrastructure and Learning Resources
The College is situated in a rural area with a Campus of 6.27 acres of Government land. There are 4 building blocks on this Campus. One block has 4 laboratories (Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology) while another block has Library and Reading room, a Computer Centre and Girls Common room. The third block houses the chamber of Principal, Office, Departments of History, Economics, Rural Development, Rural Industrialization, Commerce, Mathematics, Telugu and English. The fourth block has Class Rooms, Boys common room and a Gym hall. It is to be noted that one building block was constructed in 1991 by the funds donated by youth charitable organization. The remaining 2 building blocks were taking up with the LAD funds of MLA and MP of the area. The Govt. has sanctioned Rs.8.0 lakhs for the block housing office with a buildup area is 557.36 SM.
The Library has a very moderate collection of 6842 books of which around 4792 books are for general circulation and 2050 are in SC-ST Book Bank. It also subscribes newspapers & popular magazines. The Library has borrowing facility and reading room facility. The Library books are arranged subject wise. There is no cataloguing or classification and is yet to be computerized. A qualified Librarian hands the Library and hence there is an urgent need to undertake computerization of the library transactions. The use of library by the students and staff is limited.
The laboratories have the minimum level of equipments as per the requirement of the syllabus. There is a need for additional space for these laboratories. In all, there are two OHPs in the College. There is a Botanical garden in front of the laboratories itself. It also needs proper maintenance.
Sports facilities for indoor and outdoor games are available. Indoor games include Table Tennis, Carom and Chess while outdoor facilities include a playground that can be used for Hockey, Cricket and other field events. There is a 12-station multi Gym for the benefit of students. The playgrounds are a common facility for Degree College as well as the adjacent Junior College.
The Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (SAAP) has taken the development of Hockey and Basket Ball fields along with a indoor hall and hostel. It is stated that these facilities being built by SAAP will be duly handed over to the College in near future. The qualified Physical Director looks after the Sports Department. It is to be noted that the College has on an average 2 students representing Andhra University team in Inter-University tournaments for the last 10 years. One girl has won a Gold medal in Teakwondo at state level. Yoga classes also held for the needy students.
There are 7 Computers (all Celran model), two dot matrix printers in the College. Hence they need updating on priority basis. The College has placed orders for 4 new Computers and one Printer. Of the seven Computers one each is given to Office and Library while 5 are in the centre. There is a part time computer operator looking after them. The College has an Open Air Auditorium, named as NTR Kalakshetram, build by a donor.
There is a need for more number of Class Rooms and a spacious library hall and reading room. The College has a TV hall for the 'MANA TV programmes' being broadcasted by the Dept. of Collegiate Education for the benefit of students.
There is a Study Centre of Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Open University in the College Campus. The Library of this centre is made use of by the staff and students.
Student Support and Progression
The progression of students to employment and further study is nearly 20 percent. The prospectus of the institution, published from the current year, gives clear guidance regarding courses available, faculty, fee structures, financial aid, student support services and academic calendar.
The institution offers academic counseling and career guidance in an informal way. A lecturer is kept as in-charge of the cell. Career Guidance cell motivate the students to seek employment.
Alumni association has been formed this year with an elected body of 9 members. It meets periodically and plans for the development of the institution. The Alumni association is planning to contribute for the improvement of poor students of the institution.
Fast learners are encouraged to give seminars and submit assignments. Remedial coaching and Bridge courses is taken up in an informal way. Career guidance and counseling needs to be properly institutionalized. Government scholarships are made available to the students regularly through cheque system. The students have recreational amenities in the form of indoor sports and newspaper reading room. The University has banned student elections since last 3years. Hence cultural events and inter departmental sports competitions have not been held. There is a need to involve students at the departmental level in the extension and community development activities. There is a lot of scope for channelising the creative cultural talent of students. Student feedback mechanism has been introduced during the current year in a very informal way.
Organisation and Management
The College is fully owned and run by the Department of Collegiate Education, Government of Andhra Pradesh. It is headed by the Director and assisted by Regional Joint Directors. All the appointments are made through Service Commissions as per State Government norms. There is a policy of transfer of staff from one Government College to the other. There is also a policy of promoting lecturers of Junior College to Degree College. The teachers are paid either UGC or State scale of pay. All the service rules, discipline rules and welfare schemes of Government of Andhra Pradesh are applicable to the staff.
The Principal is the head of the institution. The staff and College Planning and Development Council assist him. Committee system is followed in the decentralization of the management.
The Principal forms various committees to look after academic, administrative and financial issues. The teaching staff assists and advises the Principal in matters relating to admissions, examinations, purchases, infrastructures and other matters. College Planning and Development Council, Parent Teacher Association, Alumni and Students suggest ways and means to improve the organization and management.
College Planning Development Council headed by the Principal prepares plan for all round development of the institution. The council makes arrangements for teaching by guest faculty, laboratory associates and contract lecturers.
As per the orders of Commissioner of Collegiate Education, the PTA has been formed. The PTA has taken up the improvements to infrastructure including minor repairs to buildings, furniture and drinking water supply system.
The strength of non-teaching staff is 9. The Principal supervises the Office work of non-teaching staff. Stock verification is undertaken. However Library stock verification has not been done for years.
Dr.V.S.Krishna Govt. Degree College, Visakhapatnam, the lead College, organizes training programme to the non-teaching staff. The Director of Collegiate Education conducts professional training programmes to non-teaching staff periodically. The lead College also organizes workshops to improve the work culture of non-teaching staff. The finance committee will look after, purchases and the budget sanctioned.
The College follows the Government audit rules and procedures. There is a very informal way of grievance redressal mechanism. The College receives development assistance from the State Government only, as it is not yet covered under UGC 2(f) and 12 (B) provision.
This Co-education College, situated in a rural area, has maintained a slow but steady growth in academic and administrative activities as well as physical development. The College and its staff are slowly realizing the importance of imparting quality education to the students and the need for aiming at international/global standards. In the process, it is following a few healthy practices. They can be listed as below
Telugu as a medium of instruction for all the three courses BA, B.Sc and B.Com, in order to enhance the enrollment and retain the students in the main stream, keeping the rural background (although a deterrent step in a global context).
Availability of full time teaching staff and following the academic calendar.
Introduction of dress code from the current year.
Involvement of the community and leaders in the development of the college.
Mobilization of resources from MLA and MP LAD funds.
Teamwork and coordination among the staff and Principal and effective leadership.
Discipline and code of conduct for students.
Thrust on personality development programmes.
Training to non-teaching staff.
Good sports facilities and imparting Yoga.
Adoption of Pedagogical innovations.
Encouragements to participate in Inter Collegiate cultural competitions where in the students have won several prizes.
The College, established in 1987, named after a great social reformer and Father of Modern Telugu Literature Sri Gurajada Apparao, is trying to fulfill the aspirations of the poor people of this area. But for this College, the students would have been deprived of the opportunity to pursue higher education. The fact that more than 50% of the students are far below poverty line belonging to SC, ST and BC category and that around 35% are Girl students, justifies the existence of the College. It has also helped to keep students in the main stream of the society. It is to offering UG programme in all the three faculties, with 2 choices of combination of subjects each for BA and B.Sc students. In the initial years, it has struggled for want of its own Campus, Class Rooms and Laboratories. Now there is a thrust on the infrastructural development using Govt. and LAD funds of MLA and MP.
During the last 18 years the College has considerable achievement to its credit. The following points are worth mentioning.
Provision for higher education in a rural area in all the three faculties Arts, Science and Commerce.
The medium instruction, learning and evaluation for all the three faculties is Telugu, in order to attract students to the stream as well as retain them.
Rural Development and Rural Industrialization as subjects of choice for study.
Availability of both Physical Science as well as natural science subjects.
Sufficient number of qualified permanent teachers.
Introduction of dress code from the current academic year for freshers.
Discipline of Students and Teamwork among staff under the guidance of an able Principal.
Efforts to adopt of Pedagogical innovations to a moderate extent since the current academic year.
Good pass percentage, which is usually above the University average, with around 50% first classes.
Progression to higher education by at least 20% of the students.
Involvement of community in the development of the College.
Assistance of SAAP for development of Sports facility.
Students' participation in University Hockey Team at Inter University level.
Active role of ECO Club, Population Club, NSS and Youth Red Cross.
Availability of virtual Class Room - MANA TV programme channel for College students exclusively in Andhra Pradesh.
Availability of fellowship and scholarship of Govt. of India and Andhra Pradesh.
The Peer Team, while assessing the College based on the criteria identified by NAAC, inputs given by the stakeholders at the time of interaction and keeping in view the need for upliftment in global context, proposes the following suggestions for consideration.
Infrastructural facilities need to be improved (laboratories & class rooms).
Library may procure more Books and Journals and provide Reading Room as well as Reprographic facilities.
Library transaction may be automated/computerized at the earliest.
Vocational Certificate/Diploma courses, UGC sponsored career oriented programmes may be introduced in the field of Computer Applications, Spoken and Written English, Advertisement and Sales promotion, Tours and Travel management, Media studies, Journalism, Mushroom cultivation, Toy making, medicinal plant cultivation, Fisheries, Horticulture, Insurance and so on.
English and Telugu may be offered as Optional subjects at BA course.
Electronics and Computer Science may be offered at B.Sc course.
At least there should be one section for the given course and combination with English as medium of instruction.
Earn while you Learn schemes may be introduced.
Bridge and Remedial coaching classes may be institutionalized.
Career guidance may be taken up on priority.
Financial support to poor students through Philanthropists may be considered.
Student evaluation of teachers and its analysis based on standard format may be institutionalized.
Students of B.Com may be given training to pursue CA course, beginning with foundation course itself.
Teachers may be encouraged to take up minor research projects and publications as well as participation in conferences and workshops.
The College may conduct regional level or state level workshop and conferences.
To take steps to receive permanent affiliation and then UGC recognition.
To teach basic computer applications to all students.
Chairperson expresses her great appreciation and thankfulness to the Peer Team Members for their sincere inputs in completing this assignment.
The Chairperson and Member of Peer Team place on record there since thanks to the Principal, Staff and Students, Parents, Alumni as well as the representatives of the Department of Collegiate Education for their valuable inputs at the time of interaction and validation of SSR. The Peer Team also acknowledges the kind cooperation and hospitality extended during its visit to the College. We wish the College all the success in their future growth.
Prof. Pankaj Sundaram
Name of the Principal:
Sri P PRABHAKARA RAO
Sri Gurajada Apparao Govt. Degree College
Yellamanchili, Visakhapatnam Dist.
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