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KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh


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KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
Address: Plot / Street / Area
Khajipalem
Guntur (District Guntur)
Andhra Pradesh, India
Pin Code : 522329


KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh is a recognised institute / college. Status: Private Aided Under Graduate Co-Education Colleges. KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh was established on / in 1981.


Principal of KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh is U.Swamulu (Mobile 9866778673).

KVR KVR and MKR College is situated in Guntur of Andhra Pradesh state (Province) in India. This data has been provided by www.punjabcolleges.com. Guntur comes under Guntur Tehsil, Guntur District.

email ID(s) is KVR KVR and MKR College Guntur Andhra Pradesh

Website of KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh is http://www.kvrkvrmkr.com/.

General Secretary : M. Venkata Siva Rama (Mobile 9985333369).

Contact Details of KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh are : Telephone: +91-8643-258745, 258344, 258870



Courses

KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh runs course(s) in Arts, Commerce, Science stream(s).
Bachelor of Arts(Telugu Medium)
History, Economics, Politics
Bachelor of Commerce(B.Com)
Corporate Account, Advanced Management Account
Bachelor of Science(B.Sc)
Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry
Bachelor of Science(B.Sc)
Mathematics, Electronics, Co

Approval details: KVR KVR and MKR College is affiliated with Acharya Nagarjuna University (ANU), Guntur (Andhra Pradesh)

Profile of KVR KVR and MKR College

The college was started on 2nd October 1981. Located in a small village called Khajipalem in Bapatla Taluq, Guntur District, the KVR KVR and MKR College is now offering Three Intermediate courses, Four Bachelor Degree courses (Arts and Science) and Two Post Graduation courses (Science) in Telugu and English mediums. The college is now equipped with five multistoried buildings to facilitate its 900+ students. A two storied Library building beside a Grand Stage area is conveniently located in the middle of the classroom buildings, while the 5 acre Mini-Stadium is located in walkable distance.

Media coverage of KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh

NAAC report of KVR KVR and MKR College

The K.V.R., K.V.R. & M.K.R.College, Khajipalem, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, which volunteered for assessment by the NAAC, presented its Self Study Report to the NAAC as the first step for getting it accredited.

Following this, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Banagalore, appointed a Peer Team for visiting the college and validating the Self Study Report.

Members of the Peer Team :
Dr A Sukumaran Nair, Former Vice Chancellor, Mahatma Gandhi University and Kerala University Kerala [Chairman]

Dr U R Kapadi, Former Director BCUD, The North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon [Member]

Dr. K.Abdullah Basha Former Principal, Jamal Mohamed college Trichy[Member Co-ordinator]

The Peer Team, visited the institution and assessed its working for three days [15th - 17th March 2007], conducted the validation procedures and completed the formalities connected with the visit and prepared the present report, following all the conventions prescribed by the NAAC for the purpose. The details are presented below under three sections.

SECTION - I
PREFACE :
The college under study is the 'KUSAMPUDI VISHNU VARDHANA RAJU, KANUMRI VENKATA RAJU AND MANTHENA KRISHNA RAJU COLLEGE popularly referred to as K.V.R.,K.V.R.& M.K.R.College, which is located in Khajipalem of Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh . This is an Arts, Commerce and Science College affiliated to the Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur . The College was established in 1981.

This institution is located in a typical rural area of Andhra Pradesh. It was created for the educational advancement of the culturally deprived and the socially disadvantaged sections of the society. It, over the years has established itself as a popular institution of higher education in Andhra Pradesh . It has a brilliant track record of academic performance over the past 26 years of its existence. It started functioning with just 35 students in 1981. Currently, it has 567 students on the rolls, preparing students for both the UG and PG programmes of the university .

The institution is located on a wide campus of 25 acres land, with all the infrastructure needed for providing quality education in the arts and sciences in an Indian rural setting. Out of the 567 students currently studying in the college, 298 are male students while 227 are female students. The number of students doing undergraduate courses is 449 while that of post-graduate students is 76. The college offers B.A., B.Sc. and B.Com. As under graduate programmes [one stream for both B.A. and B.Com degrees and two streams for B.Sc. degree] and two post graduate M.Sc programmes, one in Organic Chemistry and another in Physics. The college is also running a number of 'Add-on' courses in thirteen different subjects .

There are 34 lecturers in this college, and 22 non-teaching supporting staff. The teacher student ratio is high (1:17). Three faculty members have Ph.D. degrees, while five have M.Phil. degrees. Five of the faculty members are currently working for their Ph.D. degree. It is also of interest to note that nearly 80% of the teachers of this college successfully cleared UGC-NET/SLET examinations.
The academic performance of the college is highly commendable. The percentage pass in different university examinations is high. For B.A. degree courses, the pass percentage is 76. The percentage for B.Com examination is 86% while the same for the two B.Sc. streams are 82% and 65% respectively. The percentage pass for the P.G. courses is 82%.

The college has sound infrastructure in the form of land, buildings, equipment and other support systems - e.g. Teacher Development Programmes, Student Counseling Programmes, Medical Check-up for Students, Women's Welfare Center, ICT, Grievance Reddressal Cell, Alumni Association etc.

The college, as per latest statistics, worked for 196 days (teaching days) out of 222 total working days.

The college is owned by a non-profit social service organization, viz. SRI MANTHENA VENKATA RAJU SEVA SAMITHI, created by a committed group of social workers of the previous generation who wanted to change the face of the underdeveloped rural area (where the college is located) with the help of higher education. The institution provides a number of Endowment Scholarships, Free studentships to economically backward students, eminent sports persons and brilliant students studying in the college. There are 17 beneficiaries of Poor Boys' Fund, operated by the college. The convention of giving awards to the best teachers, by the college has helped teachers to enhance the quality of their professional performance.

The unit cost of education (for the college) is substantial; it is Rs.12,325/-

SECTION - II
Criterion-wise Analysis
The working of the college was assessed using the seven criteria, and the sub-criteria under each main criterion. The data available for assessing each of the sub-criterian were used for reaching a total assessment of the functioning of the college with respect to the Major criteria. The details of the analysis are presented below criterion- wise.

Assessment procedures :
The peer team assessed the facilities of the college on the basis of the data provided in the Self Study Report submitted by the college, after validating this information using the first-hand information collected through observation, interaction with all connected functionaries and individuals, and on the basis of the records made available by the college. The details of these procedures are presented under the seven parameters fixed by the NAAC for the purpose.

CRITERION I: CURRICULAR ASPECTS
This criterion deals with the most important input around which higher education is operated a curriculum structure adopted by all colleges in under a university.

In the Indian system of higher education, the course structure and the curriculum are prescribed by the University. All affiliated colleges under the University are expected to use this and prepare students for taking the university examinations. The colleges under this scheme have very little discretion in the matter of designing the curriculum at different levels. But they have the freedom to extend or enrich what is given by sharp-focusing the expected level of performance and interpreting the curriculum in terms of such perceptions, giving new meanings to the curriculum and its operation, using add-on programme etc. It is the success of such attempts that the Peer Team has attempted to assess to through this dimension of college functioning. The details are as presented.

Focus of institutional functioning defined :
The college has indicated the direction of its operations by listing the institutional functions in diverse forms like the following :

Vision of the Institution
Mission of the Institution
Institutional Goals
Institutional Objectives

It was noted that all the four lists are ample evidence of the lofty ideals kept in view in running the institution. The statement in the college emblem - the Indian prayer 'lead us from darkness to light', and other such statements above indicate the lofty intentions behind the creation of the college. The need to create the integrated human being (integrating cognition with affective development), and other similar statements are based on Indian ideals about education. These statements are indirect indication of the way the institution interprets its curriculum. The statement that the institution has been created to provide education to all sections of society 'at an affordable cost' makes clear the social commitment of the institution.

The functioning objectives are further expressed in terms of human resources development for the competitive new global social order is further proof of the institution's commitment to create a new world using education. The college handbook and prospectus are made available to all learners so that they can understand the institutional aims and act accordingly.

Defining curriculum interactions through extension activities:
The fact that the curriculum for the college is developed by the affiliating university does not stand in the way of the college from extending its reach to the society outside. The extension activities cover areas like the following :

Chemical analysis of drinking water for assessing the degree of water pollution.

Repair and maintenance of electronic gadgets.

Developing women entrepreneurs

Communication skills for career development

Entrepreneur skill for poverty alleviation

Enriched curriculum experiences :
There is adequate evidence that the college is giving extended meaning to its curriculum operations through use of wide range of activities like the following.
soft skill development for students
training teachers for different teaching methods
teaching of spoken English
Add-on programmes on Indian heritage and culture etc.,

The peer team has found that the performance of the college is highly satisfactory in respect of this dimension of its performance.

CRITERION II:
TEACHING LEARNING AND EVALUATION
This probably is the most crucial dimension of college performance which determines the degree of efficiency of its educational transactions.

The college follows an open-door policy for admissions, following the directives of the university and the Government which ensures access based on merit to students, with reservations for the intellectually disadvantaged groups.

The university calendar is strictly followed. Teachers are required to prepare annual plans as decided by the individual teaching departments. All teachers are expected to maintain teaching notes and teaching diaries.

Use of modern methodologies :
The most interesting aspect of the teaching strategies adopted by the college is its use of modern learning strategies on the part of students, in the place of the conventional 'teaching strategies' like lecturing and verbal modes of transferring knowledge. The new 'constructivist' learning strategies are very much in evidence. It is heartening to note that the college has adopted the new learner-centered instructional strategies like seminars, discussions, role-plays, class projects, question-answer sessions, book reviews, field-trips, quizzes etc., as alternatives to verbal instruction.

The extended use of audio-video technologies like L.C.D. presentations are used to improve the quality of learning. There is adequate evidence to show that the college uses other learning support programmes like guest lectures, study tours, e-learning, class tutorials, debates etc. The college uses library resources in a most effective manner. Each department has a separate library, besides the central library.

Student evaluation :
The internal evaluation of students is a sector of testing over which the institution has a control. The available evidence shows that the institution is using all the possible modern procedures for improving quality of internal evaluation.

The college has put into practice a system of comprehensive continuous internal evaluation comprehensive continues internal evaluation.

The college conducts unit tests and end-of-term tests (quarterly, half yearly and pre-final tests) which will ensure that the students are kept in the main stream of learning throughout the academic year. The adoption of practices which help to control the inadequacies of the memory-oriented testing, use of double valuation, conduct of unit testing, weekly class tests etc., are evidence of the use of proper student evaluation.

Teaching with focus on learning :
The evidence available shows that the college is giving greater emphasis to deep-level learning of content (acquisition of deep-level competencies like analysis, problem solving, synthesis, process-learning, communication skills etc.) rather than on achieving peripheral learning like recall and rote memory, and for coaching students for the university examinations.

Professional development of teachers :
Maintaining the quality of learning requires careful teacher selection and teacher development. The institution is performing these roles in a very successful manner. Besides transparent selection methods for teacher recruitment, there are occasional workshops for upgrading teachers' proficiency (e.g.workshop on revised curriculum in Chemistry), honouring meritorious teachers through awards, training teachers in computer soft skills etc.

Teachers are encouraged to use student feedbacks, self-appraisals etc. They are required to prepare Academic Plans based on scientific principles. They also adopt many effective professional practices which contribute to quality delivering of educational services.

CRITERION III :
RESEARCH, CONSULTANCY AND EXTENSION
This dimension of college functioning is one which is either ignored or soft-pedalled in actual practice. Higher education institutions are usually obsessed with the task of preparing students for university examinations and as such seldom spend any time or labour to improve the functioning of the above areas of work.

It is heartening to note that the college has attempted to give special attention to the three components of the major dimensions, especially to research, which is often ignored by colleges.

The college has a research committee to supervise and co-ordinate all the activities relating to this aspect of work. As a policy, the college encourages staff members who would like to undertake research for advanced degrees or undertake individual research projects. Encouragements is mostly in the form of study leaves, work adjustments etc.

The number of teachers with Ph.D. degrees is relatively small (three out of 34) and those with M.Phil. are just 5. Around 5 teachers are currently working for their Ph.D and another 8 are working for their M.Phil. degrees. The Peer Team has been assured that within a short time, all members of the staff would have acquired one of the research degrees (either Ph.D. are M.Phil.).

The college, however has organized activities like Research Workshops in different subjects, undertaken research projects, published reports of such workshops and research monographs etc. Some of the teachers have contributed to the preparation of study materials for distance education.

Consultancy :
Consultancy is an area in which colleges is yet to enter in an effective manner. There is some evidence that the college has attempted to do this in its scheme of activities in the form of water pollution analysis, exploring ground water sources, waste management, environmental ethics and in preparing printed materials to highlight the importance of some of the above areas of activity.

Extension :
This is yet another grey area in the functioning of colleges where colleges confine their whole attention to class-teaching and examination preparation. The Peer Team is happy to note that the college has found time to devote some attention to this aspect.

Extension work of the college is in evidence in areas like 'Clean and Green Programme', 'Aids Awareness Programme', 'N.S.S activities', 'Janma Bhoomi Programmes', 'some Economic Surveys', 'Red Cross Activities, 'World Ozone Day' the conduct of different celebrations which carry important educational messages to society, etc.

The extension work in the form of linkages with outside agencies in also in evidence. The college has established linkages with a number of social service agencies and institutions like the NRI Medical college and Hospital and different foundations (eg. Byrraju Foundation, Devi Murali Krishna Raju Charitable Trust, Sri Manthena Venkata Raju Foundation etc.)

The functioning of the college in respect of this dimension is satisfactory.

CRITERION IV :
INFRASTRUCTURE AND LEARNING
The infrastructural facilities and learning resources available in the college are highly satisfactory, especially when we consider the fact that the college is located in a rural setting where institutions are run using sub-standard facilities.

The college has a well-designed group of buildings with adequate space for housing all the courses whose total area is around 42,000 sq.ft. It is located on 25 acres of land. The building is airy and bright with 16 Lecture Halls, each of which can accommodate around 80 students at a time. The internal arrangements (furniture, service facilities etc.) are also very satisfactory from the point of view of teaching and student learning. In addition to the Lecture Halls, there are 11 separate Science Laboratories, a Computer Lab., a specious Library (2450 Sq.ft.), a large Seminar Hall etc. The building also accommodates the administrative office of the college.

The college has a well-designed Open Air Theatre which can accommodate over 3000 persons. There are a spacious play grounds for practicing important games. It is interesting to note that the college has made adequate provision for indoor games as well. A well equipped Multi-Gym adds to the quality of the support facilities provided by the college. The college also has a Women Welfare Centre which functions solely for the upliftment of rural women folk.

The college library has been designed (and is being operated) with self-learning of students in mind. The library has around 13,315 volumes on its shelves. This includes a substantial number of text books, important standard reference books, magazines, research journals (both Indian as well as foreign) and a substantial number of back volumes. The library is indeed well maintained.

The library follows the Open Access Method. It is both catalogued and computerized. The library has an Advisory Committee to oversee its functioning. It has advanced facilities like reprographic and internet facility. It has acquired several back volumes of journals, display board to announce new additions. Separate reading areas are provided for students and Lecturers. Braille material for use of the visually handicapped students, electronic documents which can be operated digitally, etc. are other facilities available. There are separate sections for maintaining documents and publications.

The learning resources are arranged in a such a manner as to facilitate independent learning. National Library Week Celebration is conducted each year. The library has special collection of materials for national competitive examinations like TOEFL, NET, GATE, GRE, IELTS, etc.

There are 20 actively functioning computer systems in the college. The college has developed a computer centre with 20 fully functioning systems with U.G.C. assistance, together with internet and internet printing facility.

Among the other facilities available to the college, special mention needs to be made of the following : a full-fledged Women's Hostel (facility for accommodating 50 students at a time), good water supply all over the college all round the year, hygienically operated kitchen and dining room, etc. The College canteen is functioning very effectively, providing food at a cheaper rates for staff and students. The Health Centre of the college is supported by a qualified medical practitioner. It is rendering useful health care services to both staff and students. The college also maintains a voluntary Blood Donor List for use of the hospitals. The First Aid Cell is another service unit which needs special mention.

The Group-linked Insurance Scheme for staff is yet another facility which caters to quality performances of the institution. The Career Guidance and Placement Cell is yet another service which helps the institution to provide educational and vocational guidance to students.

The infrastructure and learning resources of the college are highly satisfactory.

CRITERION V :
STUDENTS SUPPORT AND PROGRESSION
The college has developed a functional student support system which will contribute to student development (total development). Out of the 359 students, 301 are girls while the rest are boys. This presents new challenges and responsibilities to the college. The support systems are all being re-oriented with the majority group (girls) in mind.

The objectives set by the institution (in what direction the learners are to develop) are clearly stated in all important documents. They are displayed on the walls of the institution and listed in official publications like the College Prospectus, Hand Books etc. The fact that the college is able to produce high percentage of passes is an evidence of its ability to translate the objectives set for its functioning into practice.

The Scholarships, Endowment Scholarships, Free Studentships etc., certainly add to the quality and reach of the education provided by the institution.

An important support system available to the students is the Mentor System, where remedial instruction is made available to all those who need this, in an appropriate form. It is again worth noting that the college has a complete developmental record all students, systematically maintained, followed by action programmes to help learners to grow optimally.

The Alumni Association of the college helps former students to continue their contacts with the college even after they complete their courses. From the side of the college, they are helped to find employment through campus interviews, letters of recommendations, etc. From the side of the students, they get opportunities to help the college in improving its facilities and style of functioning.

The existence of units like Grievance Redressal Cell, (which gives training Business Process Outsourcing conducted in collabouration with an external agency) further help to argument the quality of education given by the institution. Activities like the Quiz and Debating Club, act as further support to student learning.

The college adopts proper methods for ensuring student progression encouraging and helping students to take part in regional, state-level and the national competitions. The importance given to co-curricular activities side by side with curricular activities help in the balanced growth of students. Collective feed backs about the performers of the college from students and employees is another ideal educational practice used by the college. The data is used for improving the performance style of the college.

The working of other units like Yoga Centre, Cultural Association etc., further contribute to the quality of education provided by the college.

The college has its own magazine published annually.

The performance of the college on the dimension is satisfactory.

CRITERION VI :
ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
This is yet another major dimension of college performance which will decide the quality of the educational services provided by it. Management is the process through which the human and physical inputs get converted into educational outputs. Observations of the working of the college provided adequate data to show that the institution is being managed with a commendable efficiency.

A unique aspect of institutional management which the Peer Team noticed is the ability of the college to work most effectively with out any restrictions from above. In functioning of the college we were happy to note that all the functionaries, beneficiaries and stakeholders of this system where acting with a single mind and a single purpose. The Managing Committee, the Principal the Faculty, the Non-teaching staff were all seen to be committed the general cause - running a system which will provide quality education all.

The functioning styles as reflected in the functioning, starting from the members of the Managing Board down to the lowest functionary were all found on a single purpose ensuring quality educational output. The Peer Team again was happy to know that the college has never in its history, faced any strikes or demonstrations of any kind. One of the original founders of the college, continues to be in the Managing Committee.

The Peer Team noted that there is regular monitoring of every activity by the Principal who assists the Management in all aspects of the running of the college, including fund raising. The Principal himself has donated a substantial amount (Rs.1 Lakh) to the college funds. The college was seen to follow a decentralized participatory approach in running the institution.

The College Trust (Sri Manthena Venkata Raju Seva Samithi) has a Secretary and Correspondent who looks after the working of the college. The Managing Committee has developed a Vision Document for 2005 -15 which lays down the details of the operational procedures to be adopted within a specified time frame. The Academic Calendar again lays down the procedures to be adopted as per the prescriptions of the University.

The college (being a partially State-Aided Institution) has to follow Government policies in appointments. Freedom to appoint Lecturers is confined to the appointment of teachers to the self-financing sections of the college. It has a policy of performance appraisal of all the staff of the college. It is using a proforma prescribed by the U.G.C. for the purpose.

It is worth noting in this text that the college organizes staff development programmes on its own. The Department of English conducts classes for Soft skills (like English pronunciation) for all teachers.

The college does not have separate policies from what is prescribed by Government in fee collection for the State Aided classes of the college. The freedom for collecting higher fee for the Self financing side of the college is used very judiciously in order not to cause inconvenience to the the poorer sections of the society. The fee charged for this section is one of the lowest among other colleges in the State. The college has an Internal Audit prescribed by the Managing body and the external audit prescribed by the Government (conducted by the Auditor General). The performance of the college in this dimensions is highly satisfactory.

CRITERION VII : HEALTHY PRACTICES
The college has implemented a few practices which are somewhat unique and can be described as 'Healthy Practices' the following are examples of such practices.

Selecting courses and subject optionals to suit the needs of learners

Conducting 'Add-on' programmes (around 26), on the basis of social demand

Flexibility in the timing and study hours to suit the needs of individual students and the community

Organizing special tutorials for students with special learning needs in an organized manner till the backward learners are elevated to the same level as average learners

Developing special academic packages for use of special category learners

Preparing worksheets food for teaching the problem solving and use of brain storming sessions for the purpose.

Developing enriched curriculum (as an extension of the prescribed curriculum) for use of advanced learners.

Developing 'community engagement plans' to relate college teaching with community needs

Maintaining a development record for each student by recording his progress, together with evidences, episodes, etc. to be used for further planning of his education.

The performance of the college in this dimension is satisfactory.

SECTION - III
OVERALL ANALYSIS
The Peer Team was able to make a total assessment of the general level of functioning of the college on the basis of these data and discussions presented under each of the seven criteria. The data helped the Peer Team to reach the conclusion that the K.V.R., K.V.R. & M.K.R. College, Khajipalem is a superior institution of higher education which is rendering very useful service to the rural population in and around Khajipalem.

Based on the data made available to us from original documents, our observation of the functioning of the institution and the interaction with different levels of functionaries of the institution, the Peer Team has reached a general conclusion that this college has a highly satisfactory track record of work during the past 26 years of its existence.

The strong points we noticed in its functioning, are listed below :

The perfect understanding existing among the major functionary units - the Managing Committee, Principal, teachers, non-teachers and their unified actions have contributed immensely to the success of the institution. The Peer Team was happy to note that a senior founder of the college in his nineties came to the college early in the morning and remained with the group till late in the night, together with the Secretary and others overseeing the flow of events in an unobtrusive manner, without giving an impression among the others that they are being managed. It is this style of management which has helped the college to acquire strength and popularity. The decentralized co-operative style of functioning of this college is unique. This is a major factor which has contributed to its success.

Most of the functionaries (Managing Committee Members, Principal, teachers, non-teachers) are drawn from in and around the locality. They all have common outlook and common interests in respect of the college. The parents and former students all act as if they are part of the college, and have strong bonds with the college. This has been achieved through a committed way in which this college has been functioning for over past 26 years. All the former students acted as if they are still students of the institution. This is something unusual in most colleges which function as 'closed corporations',never maintaining personal relationships with their students or their parents.

The management has developed a full-proof system for identifying institutional needs and the needs of supporting personnel and evolve policies to cater to these needs. Every employee of the college was seen to the acting in such a manner as if it is his / her own college.All the employees performed their roles without prodding of any kind from outside.

The college was seen to pay equal attention to scholastic as well as to the non-scholastic activities. Importance given to differing areas like sports, student health, cultural activities etc. is evident.The college takes special interest in every such activity and extends all support to such activities. There were instances where superior sports men/women are given financial help on pursuing their college studies. The college was seen to maintain good contacts with students who completed their studies and had entered into different vocations.

The functioning style helps the institution to keep the service units in a top form ( The Women's Hostel, the Library, Class Rooms, Laboratories etc.are kept in tip-top condition.This is another major aspect of the institution's working which needs special mentioning.

The committed types of student-centered teaching and the attempts by teaching community to give individual attention in teaching with a human approach is evident in all aspects of the functioning of the college.

Most of former parents who interacted with the Peer Team gave their reasons for sending their wards to the college.They all stated that the choice was due to the reputation of the college.They all agreed that besides good teaching, there was also strict discipline and training for proper behavior which helped students in their vocations.Many former students openly admitted that it was the education given in the college which increased their confidence to such an extent that those who joined the college with poor educational records, developed the confidence to aspire for first classes and distinctions during their course.

Many of the previous students admitted their there choice of the college was also on the basis of the reputation of the senior teachers of the college and the reputation of some of the heads of the institution. Some parents expressed the view that the undisciplined students of the area preferred to join other colleges, knowing fully well that the college never permits indiscipline in any form.

There was evidence of excellent student teacher relationship. Many of the previous students equated their teachers with their parents.

The college management has a policy of encouraging research and extension in diverse forms. The college follows a liberal and policy in respect of research.

The institution heads very progressive ideas about higher education. This has resulted in the adoption of new departmental policies which have helped the institution to grow in its popularity and for evolving policies and vision plans for the next 15 yers.

The college has the unique distinction of conducting its operations for during the past 26 years, without any disruption of its working by strikes or demonstrations. Also there has not been a single instance of action for student indiscipline. This is the best proof of the ideal way in which the institution is managed.

The Principal is able to play a motivating and inspiring role in running the system.

Areas which needs change/improvement :
The Peer Team, even while recognizing the very good work done by the college over the years, wood like to list a few areas needing change/areas which need new thinking in order to elevate the institution to the status of a world-class institution of higher education. The important areas of this kind are suggested below.

A total shift in the focus of teaching from verbal and related methods to genuine self learning is desirable. Students should be trained the use of ICT as a major source of information and the learner given greater freedom to process data and convert available knowledge into new knowledge the emphasis should be on individual learning.

Methods like small-group co-operative teaching should be used more extensively to convert peripheral information-type learning into real constructive learning.

Contact and linkage with external agencies needs to be developed in a big way. These can be by contacting colleges from foreign countries (willing to come to India) to start new programmes in the college or enter into teacher/student exchanges with, it. It is also possible to invite scholars from outside wanting to study about rural development in India rural based technologies etc. Permanent contracts of this kind will help the institution to exchange ideas and grow with the help of other developed institutions.

The modality used for teacher assessment by students can be modified to collect additional information from students as to which are of teaching need improvement. Student assessment of teachers are to be followed by concrete suggestions (collected through questionnaires) which should be used to improve the teaching operations.

The Guidance wing of the college should acquire with a set of psychological tasks which will help to prepare a total psychological profile of students using teste scores in intelligence, aptitude, personality area etc., This will help students to select vocations where they can function with greatest efficiency.

It will be useful if the college establishes e-contacts with select specialized institutions outside the country (reputed Universities/research centers) and get their help in supplying latest information about latest developments in different disciplines.

As a rural institution set-up to provide cheap (affordable) education to students of the area, it will be best if the college has a Boys' Hostel, to attract students from other rural areas around Khajipalem.

Other suggestions :
The college which has proved its claim to be an effective center for rural higher education should adopt a policy of transforming the institutions into an autonomous college/deemed university with a new thrust. It may be renamed 'Institute of Advanced study for Rural Development' with new branches like Rural Social work, Rural Technology, Rural Planning, Rural Women Studies, Technology for Rural Development, Women Empowerment, Environmental Biochemistry, Bioinformatics etc. This could be achieved through phased planning during the next five years.

Acknowledgement :
The Peer Team would like to place on record its grate appreciation for the attention and help rendered to it by

The Managing Body of the college, especially the founder member M.Krishnam Raju who supervised the flow of activities during the Peer Team visit.

The dedication of the two main functionaries the Principal of the college (Sri.K.Rama Raju), and the Coordinator of the programme (Dr.K.Badari Narayana) - who played a lead roll in the impactive conductive of the programme.

The teaching and non-teaching staff who helped us to complete the official formalities in the minimum time.

Dr.A.Sukumaran Nair- Chairman

Dr.Kapadi U.R.- Member

Dr.K.Abdullah Basha - Member Co-ordinator

Summary: KVR KVR and MKR College, Guntur Andhra Pradesh website, mobile, contact address and approval / recognition details.